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EERA issues statement on Draft Delegated Act recent changes Basel Convention

EERA issues statement on Draft Delegated Act recent changes Basel Convention

June 16, 2020
Press Release:

The European Electronics Recycling Association (EERA) has recently issued a reaction to the ‘Informal consultation on a draft delegated act to implement recent changes to the Basel Convention’

The Norwegian proposals that have been culminated in a decision of the Basel Convention of May 2019 to include certain plastics waste under the control mechanism of the Convention were primarily made with the objective to reduce marine litter.

EERA fears that the proposed Delegated Act might result in WEEE plastics to become classified as hazardous under the code A3210, at least in some EU countries, as these WEEE plastics are a mixture of plastics contaminated with some restricted substances, such as some POP substances. Some (but certainly not all) brominated flame retardants, for instance, are restricted as POP and they have been used as additives in plastics used in electronic products.

These electronic products have been used for up to decades in private houses and offices without doing any harm because these substances are embedded in the structures of the polymer chains. For this reason, today by far most of the specialized recycling facilities in the European Union that recycle plastics from WEEE do not have permits to take in hazardous wastes, simply because these plastics are not considered to be hazardous.

These plastics need to be treated properly. In practice these WEEE plastic recycling facilities have the task to produce REACH- (and RoHS-) compliant Post-Consumer Recycled plastics. They do this by separating any plastics containing restricted substances. These contaminated plastics are properly disposed of by proper thermal treatment (incineration).

Treatment of plastics from WEEE, including the removal of contaminations and banned substances requires major investment in large high-tech recycling facilities. Such treatment facilities therefore need to treat large volumes of WEEE plastics to operate successfully.

In many national markets, there would not be sufficient volumes of plastics available to justify such an investment and it would require the shipment of theses plastics to or from other member states. Designating plastics from WEEE as hazardous waste would thus prohibit volumes from many countries to be treated in properly licensed facilities.

If WEEE plastics would be classified as hazardous waste, this would have several negative effects on this recycling industry as:

1.) Many of these recycling companies would not be able to take in WEEE plastics anymore as from the implementation date;

2.) The cost to transport these plastics, which would suddenly become hazardous waste, would go up considerably;

3.) The costs of incineration of the non-recyclable content (also containing restricted substances) would increase considerably at least in many EU countries.

E-Waste World Conference & Expo 2020 takes place from Wednesday 18 November to Thursday 19 November at the Kap Europa, Frankfurt Messe, Germany. To register for this highly focused, solutions-driven event, please click here. For sponsorship and exhibition opportunities, please email peter@trans-globalevents.com

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