Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling Agenda

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 30, 2021

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Future Mobility is powered by Sustainable Raw Materials
Dr Roland Gauss
Senior Advisor for Raw Materials Substitution and Recycling
EIT RawMaterials
New forms of sustainable mobility are enabled by innovation in Advanced Materials, for instance, in batteries, magnets for e-drives, lightweight materials. They are made of Raw Materials that significantly determine the environmental footprint of the entire product. Emerging energy and mobility technologies create a strong demand for raw materials and advanced materials. For some critical materials, this demand will dramatically exceed current production in the next 10 to 15 years. Limited access might negatively impact the mobility transition, thus reducing the competitiveness of the European raw materials industry.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Solvent Extraction in Battery Recycling – Criteria for Diluent Selection
Daniel Bien
Global Technology Advisor Fluids
ExxonMobil
Solvent extraction plays an important role in the recovery of “critical materials” like Cobalt and Nickel and more recently also Lithium in the recycling process of batteries. The diluent impacts not only the performance but also certain aspects of sustainability of the process. The paper will present criteria and industry examples of how to select the most suitable diluent.
 

9:50 am (CET)

LCA model for battery production, use and end of life management
Saugat Roy
Principal Consultant
ERM
LCA model for battery production, use and end of life management Discuss how a LCA assessment supports the business for informed decision to reduce footprint of their environmental and social impacts in the value chain talk about sustainable sourcing and how voluntary initiatives IRMA and OECD Guidelines are influencing practices of consumers in market place and define competitive edge
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The new EU Battery Regulation and how it affects battery use and recycling
Max Rehberger
Business Development Manager
TÜV SÜD
The new EU Battery Regulation significantly expands the requirements on what batteries need to fulfill to be allowed onto the EU market. These requirements are not only targeting the production and quality of the products, but also extend towards requirements on second life use as well as on the recycling process. The speech will provide an overview of this regulation and give insights about the requirements that need to be fulfilled when the battery is leaving its first life.
 

11:10 am (CET)

An Advanced Upcycling Solution for Lithium-ion Battery Waste
Zarko Meseldzija
Director & CTO
American Manganese Inc
A review on the upcycling of lithium-ion battery production scrap and black mass material into high-value cathode precursor materials, using the patented and closed-loop RecycLiCo process. Including the current outlook of EV battery materials and how recycling will play a role in the battery value chain.
 

11:35 am (CET)

A roadmap for the future of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
This presentation will look at present and anticipated developments in the recycling and reuse of Lithium Ion Batteries, evaluating the current state of the art, near term developments and anticipating the future technologies that will play a role in Lithium Ion Batteries. The presentation is based on work that is being undertaken at the University of Birmingham on the Met4Tech Project, and the Faraday Institution’s ReLiB project. A roadmap for Lithium Ion Battery Recycling is currently being edited by Prof. Emma Kendrick and the presenter for the journal JPhys Energy.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: How will EU Battery Regulation shape the Worldwide EV Recycling Industry?
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Dr Jyoti Ahuja
Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Max Rehberger
Business Development Manager
TÜV SÜD
Tilmann Vahle
Associate/Lead
SYSTEMIQ/Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 am (CET)
 
Battery waste, recycling and sustainability in the electric vehicle transition
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

Regulatory challenges associated with the switch to electric cars
Prof Aleksandra Cavoski
Professor of Environmental Law, College Director of Global Engagement
University of Birmingham
Prof Robert Lee
Director of the Centre for Legal Education and Research
University of Birmingham
Dr Jyoti Ahuja
Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
The guided switch to electric vehicles is a major policy intervention in the transition to net zero carbon and an increasing number of jurisdictions are setting dates for the phasing out of internal combustion engine models. Making this announcement is perhaps the easiest step on the net zero journey because what follows are a series of shared challenges that demonstrate the difficulties of such a switch without proper regard to circular economy considerations. The paper examines a series of legal and regulatory hurdles in ensuring access to security of supply of technology metals crucial to this energy transition. In Europe, there is a significant reliance on imports of technology metals given the volume of batteries planned and not helped by regulatory, fiscal and technical complexities associated with the reuse and recycling of lithium-ion batteries (LiBs). This is coupled with unresolved ownership questions over lithium-ion batteries which affect their fate once they reach the end of their life in the vehicle. The revised EU Batteries Regulation through policy devices such as minimum content of recycled metals in LiBs begins to address these issues. However, we will argue that greater attention needs to be given to waste hierarchy questions applying to these batteries as well as to a much more robust approach to questions of eco-design and that true circular economy approaches must be adopted if the transition to electric vehicles is to provide a sustainable solution.

1:55 pm (CET)

Research on Intelligent equipment technology for EV battery recycling
Christopher Hansen
International Representative
CycleWell
The development of electric vehicles (EVs) has been accelerated given the growing concerns regarding climate change and the energy crisis, which has led to the explosion of end of life (EoL) EV batteries. Recycling of the EoL EV batteries has become a vital part of circular economy and received extensive attention from governments around the world. Although many technologies have been developed for recycling valuable component from batteries, less attention has been devoted to the development of equipment that used for recovery batteries. In this report, the challenges for development of intelligent recycling equipment that must be faced include safety, environmental and economic issues will be introduced.

2:20 pm (CET)

Accelerating Electric Mobility with Circular Economy
Tilmann Vahle
Associate/Lead
SYSTEMIQ/Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland
Presenting Background and key results from SYSTEMIQ's work on how to make batteries a major force for sustainable mobility and energy systems via Circular Economy principles. Building on our Analyses and Industry /Sciences engagement for the WEF Global Battery Alliance http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_A_Vision_for_a_Sustainable_Battery_Value_Chain_in_2030_Report.pdf and with the Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland group on circularity in traction batteries https://www.circular-economy-initiative.de/s/TB_Gesamtbericht-EN.pdf, including positions regarding the upcoming EU circularity policies such as Battery Regulation, ELV directive, and more.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:15 pm (CET)
 

3:15 pm (CET)

Meeting Europe’s Lithium Converter Demand for E-Car and Energy Storage Needs
Dirk Harbecke
CEO
Rock Tech Lithium

3:40 pm (CET)

Demand and supply of Lithium-Ion battery materials: recycled materials as additional feedstock
Wolfgang Bernhart
Senior Partner
Roland Berger
Demand and supply of Lithium-Ion battery materials: recycled materials as additional feedstock - Development of the battery market and technologies used: a 3 TWh in 2030 - Expected demand in critical battery materials and resulting supply chain risks: challenges for Lithium and Nickel - Current status of battery material recycling (EU vs China, production vs EoL): today dominated by China driven by production scrap - Legislative requirements for recycling (focus EU): higher recycling efficiency and recovery rates required - Role of 2nd life (refurbishment and stationary): dedicated ESS cells could be more attractive economically - Factors influencing recycling profitability: battery access, reverse logistics, recycling process costs, material prices - Opportunities and challenges for industry players

4:05 pm (CET)

BLUELINE – A flexible plant for processing of industrial residues
Georg Doninger
Head of Research & Development
LINETECHNOLOGY
In addition to stationary processing systems, there is a need for technology that makes decentralized recycling economically viable, even for low quantities and time varying input materials. This new type of flexible processing plant – called BLUELINE – was achieved and implemented by company LINETECHNOLOGY within a four-year re-search project together with different research facilities and industrial partners. BLU-ELINE represents a dynamically reconfigurable and container-based processing sys-tem for beneficiation of industrial residues (e.g. WEEE) and covers a wide range of (dry) mechanical-physical processing steps like screening, magnetic separation, eddy current separation, sensor-based sorting etc. Due to the modular concept different processing steps can be linked easy according to the requirements from input mate-rial. The innovative control takes place wirelessly by means of tablet and the operator is assisted by innovative systems for lining up a defined configuration. Selected ex-amples for processing of WEEE scrap are shown.

Day2: December 1, 2021

Technologies leading the charge on recycling used electric vehicle batteries
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Innovative Separation Technology for the Recycling of Lithium Ion Batteries
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Ever Resource Ltd
In March 2021, Ever Resource Ltd in partnership with the University of Birmingham, UK, won a grant of approximately £950,000 GBP to develop an innovative separation technology for the recycling of lithium-ion batteries. Our process, which is physical / mechanical in nature, is capable of separating with greater than 99% efficiency the anode-arisings and cathode-arisings in shredded lithium-ion batteries. By separating these main component streams physically - mechanically, the downstream recycling becomes cleaner, cheaper and more environmentally sensible. The technology is compatible with all recycling innovations and incumbent technology - including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, cathode-to-cathode recovery, and electrolysis. In Willenhall, UK, we are currently setting up a pilot-scale operation shredding 500 kg of lithium-ion batteries per hour. Our 2-year project with the University of Birmingham will develop further the separation technology with a view to integrating the system in Willenhall and providing a commercial offering to the UK market from Q4 2021.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Recycling and Repurposing of EV Lithium-Ion Batteries
Nils Steinbrecher
Managing Director
TES-AMM (Singapore) Pte Ltd
Our focus will be e-waste recycling and repurposing, especially for EV lithium Ion batteries. We classify used batteries into two categories. One is end-of-life batteries which can no longer be used or are already damaged. We will recycle this type of batteries. The other is second life batteries with remaining capacity which can be reused and repurposed as renewable energy after sorting and processing. The content of the presentation will include sections below: -Our TES-AMM E-waste Recycling introduction and processes -Certification and requirements for battery transportation and deployment -Electronic Vehicle Market analysis -Reused Second life Energy Storage System Introduction -PV+ Smart Grid/ Micro grid system applications -Case study Demonstrations -Q&A Discussion
 

9:50 am (CET)

Mechanical treatment of lithium ion batteries
Alfred Weber
Sales Director - Recycling & Environment
BHS-Sonthofen GmbH
The challenges in dealing with the recycling of lithium ion batteries are very multifaceted. Starting with the secure material feed into the process of the battery modules, cells or production waste, as well as the guarantee of safe plant operation for the customer. In addition to the BHS standard process already established on the market, BHS-Sonthofen GmbH also offers customers tailored solutions in the field of dry-mechanical processing of lithium ion batteries. In the lecture, the current findings of the process are presented and their advantages are shown.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The Role of Recycling in the Supply Chain of Critical Battery Materials
Manfred Schmidt
Commercial VP, Battery Supply (EMEA)
Li-Cycle
This presentation will explore the urgent need for creating a sustainable and local critical battery materials supply chain, while addressing the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling and how Li-Cycle’s Spoke & Hub Technologies are able to help overcome some of these industry challenges and close the loop for critical battery materials throughout the world.
 

11:10 am (CET)

The Role of Recycling in the Supply Chain of Critical Battery Materials
Mark Bedford
Business Development Director
Johnson Matthey Plc
The recycling of end-of-life lithium-ion batteries is an essential step in reducing the carbon footprint of electric vehicles. Mechanical separation techniques used at the start of the recycling process commonly produce an intermediate material known as black mass. This is a heterogeneous mixture of graphite, lithium electrolytes, organic binders and cathode metals. To facilitate further processing and to determine an accurate composition from which the economic value of the black mass can be assessed, representative sampling, analysis and characterization are essential next steps.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Bioeconomy meets e-mobility: How microbes enable carbon neutral battery recycling
Dr Esther Gabor
Programme Manager Green & Urban Mining
BRAIN
Dr Gina Kuippers
Research Scientist
BRAIN
People usually think of “bioeconomy” as cows, corn and biogas, but bioeconomy has so much more on offer: At BRAIN Biotech we have developed calorie-free plant-based sweeteners, enzymes that support wound management and a technology to leach metals from e-waste using microbes. Recently we asked ourselves the question “How can bioeconomy help to make battery recycling more sustainable?”. At the centre of this question is the efficient recovery of lithium and cobalt, two elements that raw material experts regard as critical due to their scarcity, cumbersome production and risk of supply. They are located in the cathode material of lithium ion batteries and, after discharging and dismantling, they can be recovered in a mixture called “black mass” together with other metal compounds. Today, metals are recovered from black mass in energy-intensive smelting plants that release climate-damaging gases and fail to recover most of the lithium. Alternatively, hydrometallurgical approaches use aggressive chemicals and produce acidic waste piles that are costly to dispose of. We believe these strategies belong to the past and envisage a truly green process for the recycling of (EV) batteries. Our vision is that microorganisms take over lithium and cobalt extraction and lead to a fully environmentally friendly and sustainable battery recycling process
 

12:00 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: Discharging electric vehicle battery packs at the end of life (when, how and why?)
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Ever Resource Ltd
Sam Haig
Battery Recycling Business Manager
R S Bruce Metals Recovery
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
More batteries, less waste: transitioning to a circular battery metals value chain
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

To be announced
Robert Colbourn
Manager - Benchmark Membership
Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

1:55 pm (CET)

Megawatt scale re-use of BEV-batteries better than recycling?
Jürgen Kölch
Referent Strategy and Innovation
EVA Fahrzeugtechnik (Member of FEV Group)
The environmental benefits of an electric vehicle face repeated criticism. Along with the use of CO2-intensive, coal-based electricity for vehicle operation, the ecological rucksack of the battery is the primary focus. When the battery is reused at the end of the vehicle’s service life, the environmental benefits far exceed those of just regular recycling. The presentation will show two already realized battery plants on a megawatt scale and report the experience in planning and construction. Both systems are used for grid control and can support a smart grid in the future.

2:20 pm (CET)

What is the most cost- and CO2-effective set-up for collection & recycling of EV-batteries?
Jodok Reinhardt
Co-founder
Librec
What are the current and future interests and challenges for car manufacturers regarding a most cost- and CO2-efficient collection and recycling of EV-batteries? Current and future volumes of manufacturing scrap and end-of-life batteries, today’s recycling capacity in Europe, control of circular flow of raw materials, high transportation cost, EU-wide take-back obligation and required recovery rates are the major conditions to be addressed. We present research results, maximum economic distance for collection, best-available recycling technology and details behind the unbeatable cost advantage of the “Spoke-and-Hub” service model.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:10 pm (CET)
 

3:10 pm (CET)

To be announced
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage

3:35 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: Recycling strategies for End-of-Life Li-ion Batteries from Electric Vehicles
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage
Dr Esther Gabor
Programme Manager Green & Urban Mining
BRAIN
Alfred Weber
Sales Director - Recycling & Environment
BHS-Sonthofen GmbH

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