Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling Agenda

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 18, 2020

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Hanna Persson
HV Battery Program & Strategy Manager
Volvo Cars
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:25 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer
Northvolt
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:50 am (CET)

Mastering the evolution of battery revolution
Jaakko Savolainen
Commercial Director
Fortum Battery Solutions
With a growing number of devices running on electricity, we are facing a new challenge. The growing need for batteries consumes enormous amounts of rare metals, such as cobalt, manganese and nickel. If we run out of these scarce metals, we can bid farewell to further electrification and the increasing use of renewable energy sources. As pioneers of electrification based on renewables, this is a challenge Fortum is resolving. Jaakko will explain why we need an efficient life cycle for lithium-ion batteries. That’s why the company has developed solutions for every stage of the life cycle as well as a sustainable way to recycle the majority of the materials used in batteries and use them to create new ones. We will renew the value chain for lithium-ion batteries to enable a cleaner, electrified future.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Recovery of cobalt from secondary sources
Karen Sende Osen
Senior Research Scientist
SINTEF
Cobalt is used in many applications that support the shift to a low-carbon economy. It is an element essential for battery applications, and driven by the market for electric vehicles, the demand for Cobalt is rising. The CROCODILE project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, aims to drastically reduce the supply risk of cobalt for the European industries by increasing the efficiency of recovery and extraction processes for cobalt, both from primary and secondary sources. CROCODILE strives to achieve this with lower energy costs and environmental impacts.
 

11:10 am (CET)

End-of-life management of lithium-ion batteries
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:35 am (CET)

EV-Traction batteries in a circular economy
Dr Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG
As a rapidly emerging technology that will generate a high demand for raw materials, EV-batteries are the ideal test case for establishing sustainable circular material flows. The presentation will introduce the results of the working group on traction batteries of the Circular Economy Initiative Germany (CEID). Requirements to physically close the loop for battery metals (directly or after a potential 2nd life) and respective supportive frame conditions will be elaborated. In this context a systemic perspective with well described system boundaries and clear definitions is crucial to obtain meaningful recycling rates and marketable recyclates.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Topic and further speakers to be confirmed
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
 
Networking Session -
12:25 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Battery waste, recycling and sustainability in the electric vehicle transition
1:30 pm - 5:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Asad Farid
Associate Director - Batteries & ESG
Berenberg
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

1:40 pm (CET)

Advanced lithium battery recycling process and equipment: 10,000-ton industry-scale application
Xiao Lin
CEO
Botree Cycling
Cobalt, nickel and lithium are critical raw materials in lithium-ion battery (LIB) supply chain. However, its primary production from minerals is very energy intensive with significant environmental impacts. Furthermore, a supply shortage of materials and metals is occurring and proper waste disposal of end-of-life products is becoming an emerging environmental challenge. In our research, an entire life-cycle metallic resource strategy is proposed that considers the whole-process cost and resource utilization, by upgrading resource efficiency on the whole life-cycle and optimizing whole-process pollution control in materials engineering, waste management, and metal recycling, with an aim to achieve lower cost processes in whole life-cycle.

2:05 pm (CET)

BatteryLoop: sustainable solution for second use of electric vehicle batteries
Rasmus Bergström
Executive Director Product Development & CEO
BatteryLoop/Stena Recycling Group
The BatteryLoop concept prolongs the useful life of electric vehicle batteries and provides a more sustainable solution both from a financial and an environmental point of view. Batteries that are no longer usable in vehicles may be used for energy storage. BatteryLoop Technologies was formed in 2017 by Stena Recycling. The combination of collection and recycling of vehicle batteries in Stena Recycling and the award-winning power electronics and energy storage solutions in Ferroamp provides unique opportunities to use batteries in a second life. As Rasmus will explain in his presentation, the second use of the electric vehicle batteries BatteryLoop will secure a take-back system of these batteries including a sustainable recycling handled by Stena Recycling.

2:30 pm (CET)

Pilot-Plant: a battery recycling solution in action
Jean-Christophe Lambert
Business Development Manager
Lithion Recycling
Lithion Recycling has developed an efficient and disruptive hydrometallurgy-based process for recycling lithium-ion batteries. This new process allows up to 95% of the battery components to be safely recovered and treated so that they can be re-used in the battery supply chain. To develop a recycling solution that is sustainable and technically proven, a pilot-plant stage becomes crucial in order to answer efficiently the future and long-term needs of the industry. Benoit will share the first updates and results of Lithion Recycling's 200 mt/year pilot-plant designed to recycle lithium-ion batteries from packs and modules directly to the raw materials.

2:55 pm (CET)

Experience with prototype battery second-life systems on a megawatt scale
Dr Jürgen Kölch
Marketing/PR
EVA Fahrzeugtechnik
The use of used electric vehicle batteries is still a new topic. There are relatively few electric vehicles on the road and used vehicle batteries for a stationary application will only become available when their range and performance are no longer adequate for the customer. There is little experience in the construction and operation of these systems with corresponding standards and regulations. Jurgen's presentation will show two already realized battery plants on a megawatt scale and report the experience in planning and construction.

3:20 pm (CET)

The ReCell Center: working toward cost-effective battery recycling
Jeffrey Spangenberger
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center, the US Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office’s advanced battery recycling center, is working to improve the economics of lithium-ion battery recycling to enable widespread adoption of electric vehicles by helping to reduce the cost of battery materials. Jeff's presentation will provide an overview of the center, made up of several US national laboratories and universities, and its four focus areas. A technique called direct cathode recycling will be discussed along with progress of technologies aimed at recovering value from non-cathode components of the battery.

3:45 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Gary Griffiths
Director QESS
TES-AMM
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:10 pm (CET)

Sustainability aspects for the recycling of present and future battery technologies
Marcel Weil
Head of Research for Sustainable Energy Technologies
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
The importance of recycling for batteries is analyzed by means of a life-cycle analysis (LCA). In this case, three different energy storage systems with and without recycling are compared. The results show the high importance of considering recycling. Currently there is a trend to reduce the content of valuable substances (especially metals) in batteries. Cobalt in particular is being replaced by nickel, for example in the NMC systems (from NMC 111 to NMC 811). For lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries, the material value is even significantly lower and could be dramatically lower in the future for sodium or magnesium batteries. Therefore, there is a future need for a simpler (low cost, low effort) recycling technology. Direct recycling of electrode material could be an option here.

4:35 pm (CET)

Decarbonizing electric vehicles thanks to Zero Carbon Lithium production
Vincent Ledoux Pedailles
Vice President - Business Development
Vulcan Energy
Vulcan Energy Resources is aiming to become the world’s first Zero Carbon Lithium producer, by producing a battery-quality lithium hydroxide chemical product with net zero carbon footprint from its combined geothermal and lithium resource, which is Europe’s largest lithium resource, in the Upper Rhine Valley of Germany. In doing so, it will fix lithium’s current problems for the EU market: a very high carbon and water footprint of production, and total reliance on imports, mostly from China. Vulcan aims to supply the lithium-ion battery and electric vehicle market in Europe, which is the fastest growing in the world. Vulcan can satisfy the region’s needs for the electric vehicle transition, from a zero-carbon source, for many years to come.

5:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Breathing new life into old electric vehicle batteries: the second coming (panelists to be confirmed)
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage

Day2: November 19, 2020

Leading the charge on recycling used electric vehicle batteries
9:00 am - 12:15 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

European legislation for sustainable batteries – an NGO perspective
Rita Tedesco
Programme Manager, Energy & Climate Team
ECOS
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:25 am (CET)

Hydromechanical recycling process for Li-Ion-batteries
Dr Jörg Zimmermann
Materials Scientist
Fraunhofer IWKS
Li-ion battery recycling is currently dominated by two different basic routes, pyrometallurgical and mechanical. An alternative route will be presented by Dr Zimmermann, based on a hydro-mechanical process providing safety advantages and robustness of the pyrometallurgical process and the material selectivity of the mechanical separation. The process has broad application potential for various battery types due to its adaptability for different shapes and construction designs, especially for large battery systems coming from automotive sector. The process uses electrohydraulic fragmentation and several dismantling and sorting techniques based on water as medium or energy transmitter. Current state, challenges and opportunities of the hydro-mechanical Li-ion battery recycling process are presented.
 

9:50 am (CET)

BATCircle: circular ecosystem of battery metals
Pyry Hannula
BATCircle Project Manager/Postdoctoral Researcher
Aalto University School of Chemical Engineering
According to the European Union, the European battery market value is forecasted to reach €250 billion by 2025, while the majority of the current lithium ion battery value chain is based in Asia. Responsible sourcing and refining of raw materials, the production of active battery materials, and efficient recycling of end-of-life batteries are needed to meet the increasing demand for a sustainable battery materials value chain that supports ongoing energy and mobility transitions. Finland is an exceptional operating area in the booming battery metals business: a small country with rich reserves of battery materials including nickel, cobalt, lithium and graphite, several metallurgical operators, technological competence and infrastructure, and research center and university research groups recognized by the sector. The strength of the BATCircle project is to bring all the key players from the Finnish battery metals ecosystem together to find opportunities for improved competitiveness and new business in a circular economy.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Creating a local critical battery materials supply chain
Ajay Kochhar
President & CEO
Li-Cycle
How can the world reduce reliance on foreign sources? E-Waste World Virtual Summit delegates will have the answer after this webinar as this presentation will walk through approaches to create a local supply chain through recovering critical materials from lithium-ion batteries. Ajay's presentation will explore the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions, while addressing the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling and how Li-Cycle’s Hub-and-Spoke model is able to help overcome some of these industry challenges particularly in light of the recent pandemic. He will demonstrate the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions and explain the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Battery-as-a-Service: a circular economy approach to improve the economics of lithium-ion batteries
Dr Wolfgang Bernhart
Senior Partner | Automotive
Roland Berger
The market for lithium-ion batteries is increasing to more than 2,000GWh in 2030, with more than 95% of batteries used for transportation and stationary energy storage applications. Current cell costs are at levels of around €75/Wh. While prices for OEMs are significant lower than a few years ago, material costs of BEVs and PHEVs are still significant higher than of conventional cars. Since customers are not prepared to pay a price premium, OEM margins for BEVs are lower than for ICE cars. Strong competition also results in relatively low margins of cell manufacturers. New business models are needed. Examples from China will be presented by Wolfgang: to increase asset utilization, by re-using battery modules for remanufacturing of vehicle batteries or in stationary applications, and by connecting the vehicle-to-grid to use vehicle batteries as distributed energy storage. Connectivity of the battery also allows to increase cycle life, and reduce qualification costs for second life. Finally Cathode-to-cathode recycling processes maximize value end-of-life.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Traceability in the circular economy
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Efficient re-use or recycling of end-of-first-life EV batteries requires scaled digital platforms to underpin the circular economy. Drawing on Circulor’s case studies, Doug's presentation will explore the evolving role of traceability to underpin efficient and responsible disposal and reuse of scarce raw materials.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Tapping into blockchain to evolve the electric vehicle supply chain
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
 
Networking Session -
12:15 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
More batteries, less waste: transitioning to a circular battery metals value chain
1:15 pm - 4:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Efficient and safe recycling of lithium-ion batteries
Alfred Weber
Sales Director | Recycling & Environmental Technology
BHS-Sonthofen
BHS-Sonthofen's Christian will present a new process for recycling lithium batteries and accumulators. In addition to process reliability, the focus is on ensuring the direct usability of the end products. The heart of the process is a shredder from BHS and a vacuum dryer from AVA, which joined the BHS Group in 2018. Once the shredding tools have reduced the feed material to the desired target size, the parts fall through appropriately designed grid segments. The shredded batteries are heated in batches in a vacuum dryer from AVA located directly downstream to evaporate the electrolyte components for subsequent recovery in a condensation unit. The electrolyte-free residues are then subjected to dry mechanical processing consisting of various screening, separating and ball-shaping steps. The system size - which can be adjusted depending on customer requirements - ranges from 100kg to several tons. The process delivers the following three end products: high-grade aluminum concentrates, copper concentrates and black mass, which contains lithium and various other metals such as manganese, cobalt and nickel. All three fractions are ready for remarketing.

1:40 pm (CET)

Is recycling really the answer to accelerating the energy transition?
Milan Thakore
Wood Mackenzie
Once electric vehicles make up more than 10% of passenger vehicle sales, significant pressure on the battery raw materials supply chain emerges. Bringing on new mines and refineries will be challenging, especially given the lack of investment seen today. Added to this are the increased scrutiny surrounding ethical sourcing, deglobalisation and carbon emissions. EV battery recycling will undoubtedly play a pivotal role, but to what extent? Milan will examine the market outlook for key battery metals and look at how recycling will fit into the ecosystem.

2:05 pm (CET)

Next-generation LiB recycling: leveraging AI, robotics and Industry 4.0 for automated disassembly
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Present techniques for LiB recycling focus on comminution (shredding) as a preliminary step for passivation of cells, and providing access to materials inside the battery for recycling. However, this limits the range of options for subsequent recycling steps. Advanced recycling, where batteries are disassembled and materials segregated before further processing steps, could lead to enhanced value recovery from lithium-ion batteries, enabling improved hydrometallurgical processes and/or direct recycling of lithium-ion batteries where the value in the cathode morphology is preserved. This presentation evaluates the potential for leveraging robotics, automation and Industry 4.0 techniques to innovate battery recycling.

2:30 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Jean-Paul Skeete
Research Associate
Cardiff University Business School
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

2:55 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Roland Gauß
Senior Advisor for Raw Materials Substitution and Recycling
EIT Raw Materials
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:20 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Phillipe Celis
CEO
RENEOS SCE
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:45 pm (CET)

Recovering PGMs from secondary resources in EU using innovative low-cost and environmentally friendly technologies
Nader Akil
Senior Innovation and Managing Consultant
PNO Innovation (Brussels)
Platinum Group metals (PGMs) are classified by the European Commission since 2011 as Critical Raw Materials that are very essential for the European economy but are at high supply risk. PGMs are mainly used in autocatalysts to cut dangerous NOx and SOx emissions and are also used in a wide range of industrial applications for which there are often no substitutes. The PLATIRUS project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, has developed innovative cost effective, environmentally friendly and compact technologies to recover PGMs from secondary resources in the EU.

4:10 pm (CET)

The rise of the e-mobility sector and the challenges arising from increased waste lithium ion batteries as a result
Sinead McCabe
Global Key Account Manager
Landbell Group
E-mobility is increasing in demand with shared mobility platforms, enabling passengers to locate electric vehicles (e.g. e-scooters or e-bikes) using an app and simply leave them behind when their journey has ended. More e-mobility products are required to meet demand of an increasing number of users, however managing the take-back and recycling at their end of life is challenging, not only since they fall under Extended Producer Responsibility and other legislation, but with the added complication of them containing rechargeable batteries such as lithium-ion batteries which are a significant fire hazard if mistreated. Sinead's presentation will discuss the challenges surrounding the increased use of e-mobility worldwide, how to tackle and optimize end-of-life take-back and recycling of products containing rechargeable batteries and how producers of these products are meeting their Extended Producer Responsibilities.

4:35 pm (CET)

DeMoBat Project for the development of robot-assisted dismantling for EV batteries and motors
Dr Simon Glöser-Chahoud
Team Leader
Institute for Industrial Production (IIP) - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
In Germany, the DeMoBat collaborative project is developing a robot-assisted dismantling factory for traction batteries and electric motors for EVs. These processes would constitute an important element of a resource-efficient and sustainable circular economy for electromobility. The targeted disassembly of battery packs into individual modules and the subsequent recycling at cell level enables the cells to be used in a condition-specific manner - e.g. from reassembly to replacement batteries and use in second-life applications such as stationary energy storage to high-quality recycling of cell materials. The same applies to the electric motors, in which the rare earth permanent magnets and the copper coils are particularly valuable components. Dr Glöser-Chahoud will reveal the latest about the research project, which is funded by the German Ministry of the Environment (€13 million) together with numerous industrial partners from the automotive industry and the recycling sector on innovative solutions.

5:00 pm (CET)

Recycling lithium-ion batteries: the RecycLiCo processs
Zarko Meseldzija
Director & CTO
American Manganese Inc
American Manganese Inc is a critical metals company focused on the recycling of lithium-ion batteries with its patented, sustainable and closed-loop RecycLiCo process. The RecycLiCo process provides high extraction and purity potential of cathode materials, such as lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese with minimal processing steps. Zarko will explain how American Manganese Inc aims to commercialize its breakthrough RecycLiCo patented process and become an industry leader in recycling cathode material from lithium-ion battery manufacturing waste.

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