Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling Agenda

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 14, 2019

Networking breakfast
8:15 am - 8:55 am
Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling: keynote presentations
9:00 am - 12:30 pm

Session moderated by
Hans-Eric Melin
Founder
Circular Energy Storage
 

9:00 am

The EV battery – the key to a circular industry
Hans-Eric Melin
Founder
Circular Energy Storage
The battery is by far the most expensive and valuable component in an electric vehicle. It also typically has a longer lifespan than the vehicle itself. These factors change everything for the automotive industry – from sourcing of components to end-of-life strategy. Just like any big change, this brings both challenges and opportunities – but it also creates a completely new landscape of players and activities with consequences not only for the car companies but as much for car dealers, workshops, energy providers, battery manufacturers, recyclers and waste collectors. The only thing that is certain is that the automotive industry will need to be more circular than ever before and maybe more than any other industry.
 

9:25 am

Challenges for a new EU regulatory framework for EV batteries
José Rizo
Senior Expert
European Commission
The European Union needs an ambitious regulatory framework to guarantee the sustainability of batteries - i.e. to minimize their environmental impact, lower carbon emissions and ensure efficient use of resources - while, at the same time, support the growth of a high-performing, safe and sustainable battery industry that covers their entire life-cycle. The results of the evaluation of the Batteries Directive, the only piece of EU legislation entirely dedicated to batteries, indicate that the current system does not appear to be suitable for dealing with them. There are no detailed end-of-life provisions for these batteries: no collection targets, no specific recycling efficiencies for lithium batteries. Likewise, there are no 'design and use' requirements for EV batteries that would make recycling easier or ensure better use of resources. Finally, no waste-avoidance provisions are defined by the current regulatory framework on batteries. The Commission is therefore exploring possible measures to address the shortcomings of the current legal framework, including the assessment of social, economic and environmental impacts of possible modifications in relevant legal texts. José will present a summary of the most recent developments in this context, pointing out pressing problems and showing how the European Commission is exploring possible solutions.
 

9:50 am

The potential and benefits of second-life EV batteries
Jean-Denis Curt
Strategic Environmental Planning
Renault Group
The widespread deployment of Electric Vehicles offers an unequalled solution to massively reduce CO2 and polluting emissions from road transport, but also represents a great opportunity to accelerate the transition towards a 100% renewable energy system: EV batteries are designed, tested and manufactured under such stringent standards that even after 10 years or more on a vehicle they meet the requirements of most stationary storage applications as well as numerous mobile applications at a very competitive cost, thus bringing a significant additional contribution to the low-carbon transition of the Energy and Transport sectors. Jean-Denis CURT will explore and illustrate this potential through the prism of Renault’s experience and latest projects.
 
Break
10:15 am - 10:45 am

10:45 am

Recycling end-of-life lithium-ion batteries: the evergreen mine of Northvolt
Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer
Northvolt
The world's most sustainable battery factory is being built in Skellefteå in Sweden. The Gigafactory holds production lines that will support the automotive industry in the European Union with batteries that are produced with no compromises on the environmental footprint and with the lowest CO2 footprint to be found worldwide, thanks to 100% hydro power supply from precursor production to cell. Northvolt is engaging in the endeavor to recycle its batteries at the end of life. This is part of the effort to take a full life-cycle responsibility of the batteries in production and at the same time ensuring stability on the raw material market.
 

11:10 am

Closing the battery loop: why recycling is crucial to secure a sustainable metals supply
Dr. Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG
Electromobility will boost the demand for battery metals such as cobalt, nickel and lithium, hence their reliable, responsibly sourced supply will become a decisive factor. Establishing effective take-back and recycling systems is crucial as it complements primary supply, reduces the dependency on certain mining countries, and contributes significantly to mitigate the environmental footprint of electromobility. Although high-quality recycling technologies are available, collection rates often are insufficient and end-of-life products are bypassing these installations. A main challenge is to generate drivers for comprehensive metals recycling, which requires fundamental changes in the way we design, sell, use and recycle our products.
 

11:35 am

Closing the loop of electromobility – challenges and opportunities
Rasmus Bergström
CEO
Stena Technoworld
With the value chain and ownership structure, how can we secure collection and recycling of electric vehicle batteries in a sustainable, cost-efficient and environmental way?
 

12:00 pm

The Faraday Institution’s ‘ReLiB’ project - recycling methods for the recovery of critical materials from automotive batteries
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
As the number of electric vehicles on our roads grows, lithium-ion batteries will present both a waste management problem and also an opportunity to secure resources for future battery production. This presentation examines recycling methods for the recovery of Critical Materials from automotive batteries based on the work of the Faraday Institution’s ‘ReLiB’ project, focusing on the 'Recycling and Reuse of Lithium Ion Batteries' featuring work within the Birmingham Centre for Strategic Elements & Critical Materials to use robotics and automation to liberate critical materials.
 
Lunch
12:25 pm - 1:30 pm
Endangered elements: critical materials in the circular economy
1:30 pm - 5:30 pm

Session moderated by
Dr. Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG

1:30 pm

Where it all begins: the critical role of mining in the EV supply chain
Dr Martin Oczlon
Consultant
Leading Edge Materials
The transition to low-carbon energy generation and storage is creating unprecedented demand for critical raw materials. Secure access to new high-function materials will be a key determinant of the speed, cost and success of the energy transition. Supply chain security and transparency will become a differentiator for successful battery and automotive industry players. The high growth forecast for electric vehicle uptake is creating exceptional opportunities for the mining industry, while highlighting the supply chain bottlenecks for ethically sourced raw materials. Long-term underinvestment in European exploration and mining, a first-mover advantage by Asian industry, and the long lead time for mine development is creating a very competitive landscape for raw material access.

1:55 pm

Hot-spot batteries: how improved battery reporting supports the closing of material loops in Europe
Johanna Emmerich
Research Fellow
Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)
This presentation will look at the first EU-wide and open-access Urban Mine Platform (UMP), which was launched in 2018 by the consortium of the ProSUM project. The web portal constitutes a unique data collection on the amounts of batteries placed on the market, the stocks in use, the product compositions and the waste flows, as well as on the resources they contain. This information is valuable to a number of industry stakeholders but also policy-makers and academia in an effort to close materials loops, for instance for strategic metals inherent in batteries. Challenges for maintaining an improved knowledge base relate to the improvement of data collection practices and will be tackled in this presentation together with a proposal on improved battery classifications.

2:20 pm

How development of the battery recycling market can ease the resource constraints for critical metals
Asad Farid
Associate Director - Thematics Team
Berenberg
This presentation will focus on how enhanced battery recycling can potentially ease the predicted tightening on supply of certain critical metals. Among questions that will be answered, how much will battery waste increase over the next five years? What recycling technologies will be used for EV batteries? Can second-life use of EV batteries as stationary storage systems postpone the emergence of the battery recycling market? What level of investment will be required to meet the demand for battery recycling? And finally, Asad Farid will also provide an update on the recycling plans announced so far globally.

2:45 pm

Opportunities in minerals and advanced materials that are essential for a sustainable future
Jeremy Mcmanus
General Manager
Neometals
The scale of predicted global ‘electrification’ will require minerals and advanced materials in quantities that are not presently available. With the tipping point for wide-scale electric vehicle adoption thought to be nearing, traditional extraction of mineral resources as battery feed-stocks will be put under extraordinary pressure. Material supply certainty and domestic sovereignty issues over technology minerals makes the re-use of ‘urban’ sourced battery feed materials compelling. Add to this regulatory recycling obligations, stakeholder sustainability pressure, fire safety and the significant financial incentive, and the decision process becomes simple for those placing lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) on the market. Neometals has developed a unique and robust process for the sustainable recovery of valuable constituents from scrap and end-of-life LIBs. The Neometals processing flowsheet targets the recovery of >90% of all battery materials from LIBs that might otherwise be disposed of in landfill or processed in energy-intensive pyrometallurgical recovery circuits.
Break
3:10 pm - 3:40 pm

3:40 pm

Cooperation in supply chain and circular projects
Volker Krümpel
General Counsel and Compliance Officer
Minespider
For early blockchain pilots, it is essential to establish cooperation between supply chain participants. But how much data can be shared without running into trouble with anti-trust issues? And how can we move from groups of engaged participants to a general purpose infrastructure for any company to join for full traceability? In this presentation, Minespider’s Volker Krümpel will look at these challenges and ways to address them.

4:05 pm

The importance of sustainable lithium for the development of electric cars
There is a fantastic momentum around the development of electric vehicles across the world and Europe is investing billions of Euros to transform its auto industry and become a leader in electrified mobility. The continent is also starting to welcome large investments for lithium-ion battery factories but further upstream, in lithium mining and refining, Europe is lagging behind. Infinity Lithium and its San Jose project in Extremadura, Spain, represents a strategic investment supporting the development of a more integrated, sustainable and regionalized lithium-ion battery and auto industry.

4:30 am

Blockchain traceability for recycled cobalt to power Volvo Cars’ electric vehicles
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Circulor’s blockchain solution enables manufacturers to demonstrate ethical and sustainable sourcing. Doug Johnson-Poensgen will use a Volvo Cars implementation project, tracking recycled cobalt into new electric vehicle batteries, to explain how his company’s traceability platform has the potential to transform complex industrial supply chains both by assuring provenance and improving efficiency.

4:55 pm

Panel Discussion - Building a sustainable European EV battery materials supply chain
Hans-Eric Melin
Founder
Circular Energy Storage
Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer
Northvolt
Dr Martin Oczlon
Consultant
Leading Edge Materials
Dr. Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG
Drinks Reception
5:30 pm - 7:30 pm

Day2: November 15, 2019

Recycling, recovery, re-use and life-cycle management
9:00 am - 12:15 pm

Session moderated by
Johanna Emmerich
Research Fellow
Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)
 

9:00 am

The criticality for a circular economy – re-use and recycling for lithium-ion batteries
Christian Winkler
Managing Director
TES-AMM Central Europe
In view of an exponential growth of waste around the globe, the need for a functioning circular economy is also increasing at the same rate. While it has long been clear for WEEE that there are massive deficits in collection and treatment today, although high-quality take-back and recycling solutions are available. A similar problem is now emerging for lithium-ion batteries. Therefore it is important to create the right conditions to minimize the environmental impact of lithium-ion batteries. Against this background, end-of-life-services for lithium-ion batteries should not only focus on the recovery of metals such as cobalt and lithium, but also include re-use and energy harvesting. An intelligent combination of the different elements helps to conserve resources and opens up new business areas on the way to increased sustainability.
 

9:25 am

Technical and regulatory challenges in international take-back operations for industrial li-ion batteries
Wassilij Weber
Head of Operations
SIMPLi RETURN - A Joint Venture By Interseroh & Saubermacher
Industrial lithium-ion batteries are becoming increasingly more common in numerous applications, among which electric vehicles are just one popular example. They often weigh hundreds of kilograms and sooner or later every battery placed in the market must be returned and recycled. Since li-ion batteries present a potential hazard, multiple regulatory fields must be considered: e.g. Dangerous Goods Regulations, Waste Regulations, and many more. Especially when it comes to exporting waste batteries for recycling, logistics face even more challenges. Experts from SIMPLi RETURN provide insights from their daily routine and show how large industrial li-ion batteries are processed internationally.
 

9:50 am

Circunomics: Big Data-based monitoring, recycling and second-life trading of batteries
Patrick Peter
CEO & Founder
Circunomics
By 2025, 11 million tons of batteries will be available for the recycling and second-life market. The battery economy is confronted with serious challenges to make value chains fit for the future. Can Big Data and deep learning help to maximize the efficiency of the circular battery economy? Being the first Big Data-based marketplace for battery monitoring, recycling and trading, Circunomics enables industry partners to make integrated battery management a key capability. With its life-cycle and pricing algorithms, and standardized data interfaces, Circunomics connects industry partners across all stages of the battery supply chain to maximize the resale value of batteries and to reduce recycling costs.
 
Break
10:15 am - 10:45 am

10:45 am

Why the circular economy must link up the whole supply chain
Dr Will Ritzrau
Director of Sustainability
SAP
Can a circular supply chain be more efficient and effective despite the costs of recovering, re-manufacturing, re-using or recycling materials? Resource scarcity, trade wars, public pressure and stricter regulations require a business transformation toward resource-centered value maintenance in endless use cycles. Existing company silo optimization needs to evolve toward trustful collaboration across industry partners along assembly and disassembly flows of products and precious resources. Only data-driven transparency of material and financial flows will allow this required shift in mindset to secure long-term economic viability within the planetary boundaries.
 

11:10 am

4R life-cycle management for xEV battery packs
Gert-Jan van der Have
Managing Director
Spiers New Technologies BV (SNT)
Spiers New Technologies (SNT) is a global OEM service provider in grading and life-cycle management of used xEV battery packs. SNT’s proprietary testing algorithms enable applications such as remanufacturing and repurposing. In this presentation, SNT’s Gert-Jan van der Have will share his experience as a Tier 1 automotive service provider and present both opportunities and challenges in the world of used xEV battery packs.
 

11:35 am

Panel Discussion - Responsible sourcing in electric vehicle battery supply chains
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Volker Krümpel
General Counsel and Compliance Officer
Minespider
Kunal Phalpher
Chief Commercial Officer
Li-Cycle
 
Lunch
12:15 pm - 1:30 pm
The after life of lithium-ion batteries
1:30 pm - 4:30 pm

1:30 pm

A second-life for EV batteries: the newest value pool in energy storage
Eric Hannon
Partner, Frankfurt
McKinsey & Company
With continued global growth of EVs, a new opportunity for the power sector is emerging: stationary storage powered by used EV batteries, which could exceed 200GWh by 2030. After remanufacturing, such batteries are still able to perform sufficiently to serve less-demanding applications. Three applications are most suitable for second-life EV batteries: 1) Providing reserve energy capacity to maintain a utility’s power reliability; 2) Helping defer transmission and distribution investments; and 3) Taking advantage of power arbitrage opportunities by storing renewable power for use during periods of scarcity.

1:55 pm

Creating a secondary source for critical battery materials
Kunal Phalpher
Chief Commercial Officer
Li-Cycle
Li-ion batteries play an essential role in the global transition toward electrification, renewable energy and increased mobile communication. To meet this rapidly growing demand, the world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations for critical and scarce battery-grade materials in these batteries. The world has, however, lacked a viable option for leveraging the rapidly growing volumes of spent Li-ion batteries as a source for these materials. Kunal will discuss the currently available processes, including Li-Cycle’s innovative and sustainable resource recovery process.

2:20 pm

EV batteries – a second life before the afterlife
Matthew Lumsden
CEO
Connected Energy
Working with organizations such as Renault, Jaguar Land Rover and Nissan, Connected Energy is a world leader in utilizing second-life electric vehicle battery packs in stationary energy storage systems – a redeployment that doubles the working lives of the batteries. Matthew Lumsden will discuss some of the work of Connected Energy and describe some of its projects and the challenges/opportunities associated with second-life battery use.
Break
2:45 pm - 3:10 pm

3:10 pm

From grave to cradle: an EV’s end-of-life journey
Sam Haig
Battery Recycling Business Manager
R S Bruce Metals & Machinery
The vehicle recycling sector is on the cusp of a boom in EVs and hybrid vehicles as those sold over the past decade begin to reach end of life in significant numbers. How will metal recyclers, long used to traditional IC engine vehicles, handle their encounters with these new types of electric and hybrid vehicles? How do battery recyclers accommodate batteries hundreds of times the size, weight and voltage of those from laptops and cell phones? And how does the ‘second life’ question fit into the equation? Sam will take you on the journey of an EV battery as it reaches end of life, highlighting the practicalities that will be faced at each stage, from safe depollution and dismantling to evaluation for re-manufacturing, and finally to effective and economical material recycling.

3:35 pm

Second life and the recycling of Lithium-ion electric vehicle batteries
Dirk Kaisers
Segment Leader Distributed Energy
Eaton
Extending the life of lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles with stationary storage applications.

4:00 pm

Panel Discussion: Second-life of EV Batteries
Matthew Lumsden
CEO
Connected Energy
Rohit Bhagat
Professor
Coventry University
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Aurelius Environmental
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