Conference Agenda

E-Waste Challenges & Opportunities

Day1: November 18, 2020

Opening Plenary & Keynote Sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

E-waste – the underestimated challenge
Dr Ruediger Kuehr
Director/Head
UNU-SCYCLE/UNITAR Bonn
A record 53.6 million metric tons (Mt) of electronic waste was generated worldwide in 2019, up 21% in just five years, according to the UN’s Global E-waste Monitor 2020, released recently. The new report also predicts global e-waste - discarded products with a battery or plug - will reach 74 Mt by 2030, almost a doubling of e-waste in just 16 years. This makes e-waste the world’s fastest-growing domestic waste stream, fueled mainly by higher consumption rates of electric and electronic equipment, short life cycles, and few options for repair.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Circular economy: if we really mean it…
Jim Puckett
Executive Director & Founder
Basel Action Network (BAN)
Environmental justice activist, Jim Puckett, will examine how many proponents of a circular economy have forgotten the basic prerequisites required to achieve it - namely: global equity, cost internalization, valuing natural capital, and design for circularity and transparency. In the time of a global pandemic where only the IT-related industries are benefitting financially, he challenges industry to step up and show they really mean to create a just and circular economy.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Future perspectives on global transboundary movement in e-waste
Dr Rolph Payet
Executive Secretary
Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions
With the advent of information technology and the Internet of Things, the increase in e-waste at the global level reached 50 million metric tons in 2018 and if nothing is done it is expected to reach 120 tons annually by 2050, with only about 20% making it to proper recycling facilities. Concomitantly, the export of e-waste, legal or illegally, to countries with little or no facilities for its recycling is leading to increased human exposure and the release of toxic chemicals into the environment. The presentation will focus on emerging issues and information with regards to transboundary movement of e-waste.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Recycling and material markets: functioning markets or a need for regulation?
Manfred Fahrner
Senior Adviser
European Electronics Recycling Association (EERA)
Recycling reduces our carbon footprint, preserves resources and reduces pollution. It is a common belief that scarce natural resources will increase costs for raw materials and will make recycling more viable. Recent events show that raw material markets are very volatile, often making it difficult for secondary materials to compete. The production of primary and secondary raw materials are independent and show different costs but do compete in the same markets. Many stakeholders call for measures to support the market chances of recycled products. Mandatory content of recycled material in new production seems an obvious and easy solution for recyclers and environmentalists, but is this realistic?
 

11:10 am (CET)

Issues of greatest concern for the WEEE sector
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
In their attempt to turn the EPR principle into an effective electronic waste management policy approach, the producer responsibility organizations in the WEEE Forum – and the WEEE sector in general – are grappling with various challenges. For example, most WEEE is not officially collected and is treated irresponsibly, and therefore the collection targets are unreachable. The EU is preparing guidelines around eco-modulation of fees, yet we need to understand how to harmonize the rules. And the EU is exploring ways in which the WEEE treatment standards can be made legally binding. Pascal will walk this year's online audience through those challenges.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Hardware hacking: the overlooked cybercrime
John Shegerian
Co-founder & Executive Chairman
ERI
Today, data is now stored on devices not traditionally considered 'hackable'. Due to technological advances, many organizations are now faced with major issues pertaining to their electronics for fear that their private or personal data will be compromised – especially with the growing number of people now working from home due to the COVID pandemic. As a result, the recycling of e-waste has indeed become an issue that transcends environmental responsibility, moved into the realm of privacy protection and hardware hacking prevention. John's keynote talk will cover the broad array of technology that now contains data and what to expect on the horizon… and what next steps should be in the world of e-waste recycling.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: The elephants in the (WEEE) room
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
Manfred Fahrner
Senior Adviser
European Electronics Recycling Association (EERA)
Dr Mathias Schluep
Program Director
World Resources Forum
Elisabeth Smith
Executive Director
StEP Initiative - Solving The E-Waste Problem
Pascal's panel discussion will invite the assembled list of panelists to debate some critical issues for the WEEE sector. For instance, only a handful of Member States will attain the WEEE collection target. What does this signify and how can it be improved? Europe is too dependent on third-world countries for its advanced and critical raw materials used in high-tech applications. How can we boost the EU’s resilience? By 2023, the EU expects a scheme for eco-modulated fees to be in place across Europe. How can we make it a success? Fires at recycling plants caused by batteries in WEEE is an issue of growing concern. Can we tackle it adequately? And with International E-Waste Day being 14 October, the primary purpose being to educate the world about e-waste, how do we reach the younger generation?
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
An industry ripe for disruption: WEEE recovery and re-use for tomorrow
1:15 pm - 6:40 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Fast Tracks: a requirement for a circular economy of electronic waste
Chris Slijkhuis
Board Member
European Electronics Recyclers Association (EERA)
In the European Union, the principle for the free movement of goods involves the removal of all trade barriers between the member states, once a product or article is lawfully placed on the market. This principle does not count for recyclable wastes. The Waste Shipment Regulation restricts the cross-border traffic of wastes and an ever-increasing amount of wastes types need notifications. This is a hugely complex administrative procedure, which involves much time and money. For recycling companies, this is a competitive disadvantage compared to the producers of primary raw materials which can move freely within Europe. This presentation outlines the concept of “Fast-Track Notifications” facilitating recyclable wastes to move more easily between compliant recycling companies within the EU. The Circular Economy plan for the EU simply shouts for simplifications in these waste shipment rules for recyclable WEEE fractions.

1:40 pm (CET)

Selective disassembly of composites: the potential of continuous shock wave technology
Stefan Eisert
CEO
ImpulsTec
The innovative shock wave fragmentation technology of ImpulsTec generates shock waves in water that enables material selective disassembly of composites. Over the past two years, ImpulsTec has improved the technology and achieved some continuous shock wave systems for industrial applications, such as mobile phones, metalized plastics, batteries and semiconductor materials. The material selective fragmentation process enables the separation between different valuable materials and hence lead to higher added value for the customers. Stefan will present several examples that underline the high potential and the application fields of this selective fragmentation technology.

2:05 pm (CET)

End-of-life management and energy efficiency: are they two sides of the same coin?
Luca Campadello
Project & Research Manager
ERION
A circular economy for e-waste touches upon many aspects, from manufacturing to end-of-life management. Luca will present two different approaches at the E-Waste World Virtual Summit, one for end-of-life management and another for bringing together different actors within the value chain. For recycling, the H2020 project, NONTOX, focuses on increasing plastic recycling rates, from the treatment of WEEE, end-of-life vehicle (ELV) and construction and demolition waste (CDW) plastics, by removing hazardous substances using the following technologies: CreaSolv, EXTRUCLEAN, PYROLISIS. For the eco-design side, the H2020 project, BELT, will be presented which involves the upper actors of the value chain, from producers to retailers and consumers. It is a project that will guide producers to the innovation on energy efficiency allowed by the future re-scaled energy label.

2:30 pm (CET)

Introducing human-robot collaboration in WEEE recycling: the HR-Recycler project
Apostolos Axenopoulos
Postdoctoral Researcher
Centre for Research and Technology Hellas/Information Technologies Institute (CERTH/ITI)
HR-Recycler will develop a 'hybrid human-robot recycling plant for electrical and electronic equipment' operating in an indoor environment, aiming to replace multiple currently manual, expensive, hazardous and time-consuming tasks of WEEE materials pre-processing with correspondingly automatic robotic-based procedures (categorization of devices, disassembling, sorting of device components). The overall goal of HR-Recycler is to create a hybrid collaboration environment, where humans and robots will harmoniously share and undertake different processing and manipulation tasks. In this presentation, the objectives of HR-Recycler project and the use cases in WEEE recycling industry will be described, while its technological solutions and expected outcomes will be demonstrated.

2:55 pm (CET)

Go green, go safe, with the digital progress of e-waste recycling
Alexander Süßmilch
Managing Shareholder
CIRECON
Looking at today’s production of electronic devices and the resulting e-waste, we see a lack of traceability for ‘end-of-life’ units. The CIRECON approach is to connect suppliers and recyclers within the electronics industry, offering them an online solution for tracking e-waste streams by improved data management along the entire supply chain life-cycle. A digital portal enables all life-cycle participating stakeholders to capture relevant recycling actions to gather all relevant data for the optimization of production methods but as well for any recycling solutions, with the target to extend the lifetime of electronic products and their components – and finally ensuring all personal data is ‘safe’ after end of life.
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

Bio-gold from e-waste: how microorganisms support circular economy
Dr Esther M. Gabor
Programme Manager Green & Urban Mining
BRAIN
BRAIN, a German bioeconomy pioneer, has developed a biological solution for the extraction of valuable metals from secondary raw materials that is not only powerful but also mild and environmentally friendly. The natural protagonists in this process are microorganisms – identified and optimized by the BRAIN microbiology experts, they act on the secondary raw materials and extract precious metals with competitive yields. BRAIN owns intellectual property rights for the bacteria and processes used and has successfully transferred the technology from laboratory to pilot scale, the BRAIN BioXtractor. The technology is now ready to go to the next scale - together with you?

4:15 pm (CET)

Circular strategies for photovoltaics: the challenges of recycling
Claire Agraffeil
Project Manager
CEA/INES (Institut National de l'Energie Solaire)
Solar energy has experienced constant and significant growth since the 1990s. Looking at the challenge in the coming decades in terms of climate change, photovoltaic (PV) energy represents one of the first and best alternatives to reach the carbon-neutral paradigm. While the PV industry expands continuously, the question of waste management is becoming more and more important. Indeed, the cumulative volumes of PV waste expected by 2050 has been already estimated in 2016 at 60 to 78 million tons around the world, which is equivalent to 630GW – the current total capacity worldwide. Given this balance and the annual installation capacity (about 130GW in 2019), it is safe to assume that the projection of waste expected by 2050 might have been underestimated considering both the 25-30-year lifetime and early dysfunction of PV modules. Moreover, the very low cost €0.19-0.29/Wp (watt peak) and the huge potential of growth expected to meet the climate targets will accelerate the deployment of solar electricity and hence the resultant waste in the future. In addition to being a logistic priority to manage such huge volume of waste, the environmental issue needs to be carefully evaluated together with the economic perspectives. It is absolutely crucial in the circular economy era to take the whole life-cycle of PV products into account and the risks associated with the end-of-life scenarios as landfilling and down cycling current practices. Among other impacts, release of hazardous materials as well as huge resources, depletion of critical and precious raw materials are of great importance in the balance sheet. Claire’s presentation will give an overview of the recycling alternatives regarding crystalline silicon PV modules (~94% of the market). By using a systemic approach, technical, economic, environmental and social issues will be appraised to highlight the challenges of PV recycling. The second objective is to make a review of the environmental performance assessment related to the end-of-life of PV modules. Even though PV devices provide green generation of electricity during its 25-30-year lifespan, the manufacturing and end-of-life stages has to be implemented strategically in order to come to sustainable products. The manufacturing step has been largely studied through Life Cycle Analysis whereas the environmental assessment of the end-of-life remains a topic that requires further investigation. Her analysis will point out the critical issues of the early LCA outcomes regarding the end-of-life of PV modules. Drawing from a global approach, this presentation intends to underline the difficulties of PV waste management and provide incentives to focus on the necessary effort to make progress in this field.

4:40 pm (CET)

Metal recycling from end-of-use batteries promoted by CO2 capture: boosting the circular economy with a disruptive approach
Professor Julien Leclaire
Group Leader, Applied Supramolecular Chemistry Lab
University of Lyon
To reach the market, eco-efficient technologies frequently require changes of paradigm and conceptually disruptive approaches. Research in the facilities at the University of Lyon has demonstrated that combining two fluxes of waste material, namely flue gases and metal leachates from end-of-use batteries, can result in spontaneous self-sorting process wherein both CO2 and strategic metals are being extracted and purified. This low-cost, efficient, selective and flexible technology is now being applied to various typologies of NiMH and Li-ion batteries within the University of Lyon's freshly founded MeCaWaRe corporation.

5:05 pm (CET)

Mint Biorefinery: a local solution for the global PCB challenge
Dr Will Barker
Founder & CEO
Mint Innovation
Mint Innovation has developed the world's first biorefinery for recovering valuable metals including gold, palladium, copper and tin from circuit boards. Mint's low-cost, high-efficiency approach enables domestic value capture, mitigating the reliance on international smelters and transboundary shipment of hazardous materials. The low-carbon approach returns all these valuable metals back into the local economy, providing a true circular solution for one of the most challenging waste streams. Mint's biorefinery solution is ready for deployment in a city near you.

5:30 pm (CET)

The quest for a better recycling yield
Heinz Böni
Head of Research Group CARE (Critical Materials and Resource Efficiency)
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
Lorena Toledo Reyes
Scientist within the Critical Materials and Resource Efficiency (CARE) Group
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
The widely accepted indicator in determining e-waste treatment performance regarding material circularity is the recycling rate. However, it has several shortcomings, particular when addressing the recovery of scarce technology metals (STM). In this presentation, Heinz and Lorena will present latest results in a series of experiments which should lead to a better monitoring of the STM yield in a fleet of Swiss e-waste treatment facilities.

5:55 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Combating the global e-waste crisis with re-use done right
Corey Dehmey
Executive Director
SERI - Sustainable Electronics Recycling International
Kyle Wiens
CEO & Co-founder
iFixit
Julie-Ann Adams
Managing Director
Really Green Credentials
Martin Series
Director Sourcing
Global Resale
Sean Sheehan
CEO
Wisetek

Day2: November 19, 2020

Global solutions to a global problem: international perspectives on e-waste
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

International shipment of used and waste electronics: navigating the legal jungle
Katharina Kummer Peiry
Owner & Principal
Kummer EcoConsult
In today’s globalized market, managing materials and wastes in accordance with the widely recognized concept of a circular economy often involves international shipments. To ensure sustainable management of the materials at every stage of the process, and also to avoid costly delays and sanctions, shipments of used and waste electronics must be carried out in accordance with the applicable laws of the countries involved. Given the complexities and inconsistencies of the laws of the majority of countries, this can be an arduous task. Katharina's presentation will discuss the challenges and ways to address them.
 

9:25 am (CET)

WEEE solutions for a developing continent and region
Stuart Fleming
Co-Founder/Group CEO/Board Member
EnviroServe Group/Enviroserve Recycling
Africa and the Middle East have for some time been considered a WEEE conundrum when it comes to the basics of business – logistics and sustainability. Enviroserve has found a unique and dynamic solution, balancing growth, profit and solutions to WEEE with social, charitable, sustainable and growth requirements. But what more can the globe do to accelerate this, support it and ensure longevity to the solutions? From dismantling to high-tech ITAD solutions, multi-country collections and cross border movements, ESAfrica has been a tremendous project that is developing and growing in strength, resource and interest. But what is missing? What needs to be co-created? The E-Way, created by Enviroserve is a proven solution.
 

9:50 am (CET)

To e-waste or not to e-waste
Malcolm Whitehouse
General Manager
AST Recycling
The level of e-waste recycling in South Africa is extremely low, with 6-7kg per year of e-waste generated for every South African citizen and 360,000 tons per annum of e-waste placed on the market. Only 7-12% of this volume is being recycled formally. South African industry has been tasked with ensuring a just and green transition to an environmentally clean future. Malcolm Whitehouse, the general manager and compliance officer at AST Recycling, will discuss the legislative framework of electronic recycling, enterprise development and job creation, and share circular economy transition experiences in South Africa.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

E-waste recycling in the USA and Canada: differences in product scope and challenges for manufacturer compliance to Extended Producer Responsibility regulations
Howard Stimpson
Director of Operations
Sphera EC4P
This presentation will give an overview of US and Canada e-waste regulations plus state/provincial e-waste recycling product scope and provide detailed case studies of US state and Canadian provincial e-waste regulations, including New York and New Jersey, plus Alberta, Ontario and Yukon. New developments to the USA and Canada e-waste regulations will be included. The presentation will also discuss some of the main challenges faced by manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment for compliance to US, Canada plus other global e-waste regulations.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Sustainable e-waste solutions in Sub Sahara Africa
Adrian Clews
Managing Director
Hinckley Associates Nigeria
Adrian will explore the challenges faced by Hinckley Recycling in establishing Niger’s first government-approved e-waste recycler. He will present the solutions developed by the company to achieve profitability and mitigate the risks associated with running an e-waste business in the Sub-Sahara. He will also discuss the next steps in growing Nigeria's e-waste sector and improving closed-loop systems post COVID-19.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Plastic sorting solution for Japan
Jelle Saint-Germain
Sales Engineer
AD REM
In 2018, Japan exported more than a million tons of plastics to Asia. The plastics that remained in the country were mainly incinerated or landfilled. Meanwhile, China and other South-East Asian countries are increasingly limiting their plastic waste imports, and an amendment to the Basel Convention will likely further restrict all international movement of plastic waste by 2021. As a result, the Japanese government has started a campaign to promote the reduction, re-use and recycling of plastics. KK Planic, a recently established joint venture between Toyota Tsusho, Veolia Japan and Kojima Sanyo, has jumped on the bandwagon and will establish the largest plastic recycling facility in Japan. In this plant, the shredded plastics are separated in different fractions based on their density using the Ad Rem flotation system. Using electrostatic separation and Galloo Plastics technology further downstream, all recyclable plastics are separated in clean fractions and eventually compounded and pelletized. The new facility will process about 40,000 metric tons a year of plastic material coming from various sources such as automobiles, home appliances, palettes and containers and packaging materials from distribution centers and shopping centers. By combining different technologies and processes, the plant will be the first of its kind, tackling the complete plastic recycling chain from A to Z.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Why is it so difficult to get e-waste on the agenda?
Elisabeth Smith
Executive Director
StEP Initiative - Solving The E-Waste Problem
Stephanie Adrian
Senior International Waste Policy & Programs Manager
US Environmental Protection Agency
Deepali Sinha Khetriwal
Managing Director
Sofies India
Alexander Batteiger
Advisor Circular Economy & Sustainable Waste Management
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Intern. Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
Joost de Kluijver
Founder
Closing the Loop
Around 130 million smartphones are binned every year in the USA alone yet a mere 1% of those sold are recycled. It's almost as if new electronics are put onto the market without any consideration for their end-of-life management at all – or the 59 million tons of e-waste they helped generate globally in 2020. Donors, meanwhile, are granting funds for projects to increase the use of electronics in emerging markets, yet the management of those products is not included within the proposals. Companies across the board seemingly don't care what happens to those products when they become waste, especially in the absence of legislation. And despite the success of the recent International E-Waste Day on 14 October, the awareness campaign also coincided with Amazon's Prime sale offer with cut-price electronics available to millions upon millions of people. So how can we bring this issue to the fore and get it on a par with plastic pollution or other climate emergencies? Join this fascinating panel discussion at E-Waste World Virtual Summit to have your say
 
Networking Session -
12:45 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
Toward a more circular economy for WEEE management: in practice and in theory
1:15 pm - 6:45 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Using compensation programs to combat toxic e-waste
Sören Enholm
CEO
TCO Development
TCO Development, the organization behind the global sustainability certification TCO Certified, now gives purchasing organizations the opportunity to take responsibility for the e-waste they generate. Through TCO Certified Edge, E-waste Compensated purchasers and the IT industry have a powerful tool for combating e-waste and reducing the thousands of tons of toxic e-waste that is illegally dumped in vulnerable regions every year. During the presentation, Sören will go through the program and talk about how buying certified IT products can make sure that an equivalent amount of e-waste is collected and recycled in a safe way. Delegates will get insight into the roll-out and interest in the compensation program as well as challenges and success factors.

1:40 pm (CET)

Co-working spaces for inclusive e-waste management
Dea Andrea Wehrli
Research Associate and Co-Founder of E[co]work - A Social Impact Startup
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
E[co]work is a novel concept based on the co-working concept of shared infrastructure that addresses the issue of integrating the informal sector into formal take-back and recycling systems. Envisioned as a self-sustaining business model, the E[co]work facility is a compliant e-waste facility that rents its infrastructure to informal micro-entrepreneurs, giving them access to a formal workspace with proper equipment and tools, without requiring extensive capital investment upfront. The participatory design process for its implementation in Delhi, India, shows that the concept has merits for micro-entrepreneurs and compliance with regulations and has further crystallized key challenges for the adoption of the concept.

2:05 pm (CET)

Reclaiming polymers from WEEE through chemical recycling
Dr Robert De Ruiter
Business Development Plastics & Circular Economy - Circular Economy, Environment and Sustainability
TNO
The EU project PLAST2bCLEANED aims to develop a recycling process for WEEE plastics in a technically feasible, environmentally sound and economically viable manner. To fulfil this aim, PLAST2bCLEANED will address the recycling of the most common WEEE plastics acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) that contain up to 20% brominated flame retardants (BFR) and up to 5% of the synergist antimony trioxide (ATO). PLAST2bCLEANED will close three loops: polymer, bromine, and ATO. The consortium consists of TNO, Fraunhofer, Coolrec, ICL, Gaiker, Sustainable Innovations, Electrolux, Campine, Elix and Juchheim.

2:30 pm (CET)

ALR4000: EU project to tackle LCD recycling and market challenges
Dr Lisa Maria T. O'Donoghue
Founder & CEO
Votechnik
The ALR4000 is a European Union project delivering a fourth-generation patented technology to automatically recycle LCDs and address the requirements of the EU market. While LCD volumes continue to grow, their emergence at recycling facilities has been distributed via large-scale and small-scale recyclers, resulting in a two-tier structure in the market. Innovative business models as well as innovative technologies are required to address these needs. Lisa's presentation will focus on how the ALR4000 project is doing this for the EU LCD recycling sector.

2:55 pm (CET)

The development of new ways to recycle electronics using bacteria
Professor Sebastien Farnaud
Professor, Faculty Research Centre for Sport, Exercise & Life Sciences
Coventry University
Bioleaching is a natural process that has been used in the mining industry for years to extract metals from ores, however this is the first industrial application to solving the e-waste problem. More than 50 million tons of e-waste is generated each year. Current recycling methods for electronics can be harmful to the environment and human health. Dismantled circuit boards are often exported to countries, predominantly in Asia, where the metals are recovered mainly through incineration. As well as poisoning the water supply and food chain, the workers carrying out the process are exposed to toxic components and fumes. Using bioleaching technology is a natural, economical and safe alternative, which can address major environmental and economic issues. N2S, one of the UK’s market leaders in IT life-cycle services, has partnered with Coventry University through the Knowledge Transfer Partnership programme, funded by InnovateUK. N2S are using the expertise of Associate Professor Farnaud and Professor Derek Renshaw from the Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences (CSELS) to develop the technique into real industry practice. Bioleaching as a sustainable solution for recycling e-waste was also supported and presented as a major alternative for IT recycling at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs’ (DEFRA) conference ‘Helping Businesses Achieve Sustainable Outcomes’.
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

Efficient WEEE recycling: the BlueMetal process
Dr Rolf Degel
Vice President, Non-Ferrous Metals and SAF
SMS Group
Nikolaus Borowski
Project Manager Order Handling/Sales
SMS group
Today, more than 45 million tons of waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) are generated worldwide with the tendency to increase over the next years. With its valuable metal and especially precious metal content, it is no surprise that this 'waste stream' is a valuable raw material source. So professional recycling is not only an ecological advantage, but offers economic incentives. SMS group offers various tailor-made solutions from pre-treatment over the smelting and refining up to final high-grade products for an efficient recovery of these valuable metals. This holistic recycling approach, where up to 98 percent of these metals can be completely recovered and converted to pure high-grade metal products trades under the name 'BlueMetal process'. The key component of the recycling plant is the BlueSmelter, which is based on bath smelting technology. Through an innovative gas injection combined with an intelligent process design, the BlueSmelter permits the smelting and recycling even of low-grade materials with high organic shares. This advanced bath smelting technology is in comparison to existing bath smelters more flexible in terms of acceptable feed mix and operability and is financially attractive due to its compact design. Due to the potential low-grade of the materials to be smelted, gas treatment becomes a very important aspect for such a plant. Advanced gas cleaning solutions make sure the exhaust air will not contain any environmentally harmful substances such as mercury, bromine, fluorine or chlorine. The product of the BlueSmelter is a valuable metals rich so-called 'black-copper' which either can be sold to the market or further treated in the BlueMetals plant. The BlueMetal's plant refines the black copper to raw copper in a first step generating a lead and tin rich slag. The raw copper is subsequently either casted, granulated or atomized depending on the following process route. No matter which route is chosen, the final products are always high-grade metals that are sold to the market. Currently SMS installs a WEEE recycling plant applying a TBRC as a primary smelter near Moscow, which will process about 6,000 tons of printed circuit boards a year to LME/LBMA grade metals, such as copper, nickel, gold, silver and platinum.

4:15 pm (CET)

Smart sorting: artificial intelligence as a tool for e-waste recycling
Dr Katrin Bokelmann
Head of department Urban Mining
Fraunhofer IWKS
To close material cycles and respond to the challenges of new types of fragmentation technologies, the development of adapted sorting processes is necessary. Intelligent solutions are required to meet the increasingly complex and heterogeneous material flows. Fraunhofer IWKS has developed a highly flexible sorting process based on a modular sorting plant, which allows any variation regarding sequence, skipping and repetition of individual process steps. Concentrating valuable materials in certain fractions and removing pollutants are among the most important objectives of sorting. Finding the right adjustments for sorting requires the variation of countless parameters. The use of multiple sensors increases the effort for fine-tuning immensely, as it is often uncertain which parameters interact with each other and where to find a process window that is optimal for a specific case. This is where artificial intelligence can be used to accelerate complex experimentation processes. Through machine learning it should be possible to 'train' the sensors for a specific target fraction and to find correlations that remain hidden to the human observer. The aim is to achieve an efficient and robust sorting process in order to be able to react flexibly to different input materials. A systematic and continuous collection of all operational data enables a detailed evaluation of the processes from a scientific as well as an economic point of view. Opportunities and challenges of this approach will be discussed by Dr Bokelmann with e-waste as an example.

4:40 pm (CET)

Voluntary e-waste take-back programs and circular economy strategies
Dora Caria
Head of Circular Economy Engineering Solutions
Landbell Group
E-waste is currently one of the fastest-growing waste streams in the world and with narrower innovation product cycles, the problem is far from being solved. Some countries have implemented Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) systems which clearly set out targets for electrical and electronic producers and their products when they reach end-of-life. However, producers may pursue other voluntary take-back initiatives to support their circular economy strategies. How can voluntary e-waste take-back programs, on top of EPR obligations, be a catalyst for circular economy strategies? What are the challenges, key benefits, and potential solutions for designing and implementing a multi-country e-waste take back program? All these questions and more will be answered by Dora during this presentation.

5:05 pm (CET)

Circular credits mechanism to incentivize recovery and recycling of e-waste in emerging markets
Pedro Moura Costa
Co-Founder & Director
Circular Action Hub
Daniela Albuquerque
Circular Economy Manager
Circular Action Hub
Waste collection and recycling in middle- and low-Income countries are very low, in a large part as a result of the limited incentives to drive the collection of waste materials and insufficient resources to develop the necessary recycling and waste management infrastructure. This also applies to e-waste. BVRio’s Circular Credits enable companies to extend their responsibility to countries without EPR obligations, while creating positive social impacts to the low-income groups mostly responsible for waste recovery in developing countries.

5:30 pm (CET)

GEKAP: a new approach to the e-waste market
Rifat Ünal Sayman
Chairman
REC Turkey
Turkey introduced a new green fee in 2020 on producers for their products they put into market. The aim of this Recovery Contribution Fee (GEKAP) is to increase the collection and recycling/recovery rate of e-waste, waste batteries, packaging waste and waste oil. Turkey is the second country after Hungary in Europe, which has introduced product fee for their waste operations. Turkey is planning to establish an Environmental Agency responsible for the coordination of waste operation and allocate product fee to the waste sector. The presentation will focus on the main aspects of the new system and compare it with the producer responsibility organization schemes.

5:55 pm (CET)

Time to stop mine extraction: the use of ethical metals is good, but the use of ethical and ecological metal is even better!
Serge Kimbel
CEO
WeeeCycling
The extraction industry is responsible for about 50% of global emission of CO2. Stopping the mined extraction of gold, copper and other metals is necessary. WeeeCycling is a French refiner of precious metals only coming from e-waste or industrial waste. By using its recycled metals, the company's clients are reducing for about 95% of their carbon footprint linked to the usage of those metals. Serge will explain more during his presentation.

6:20 pm (CET)

A cost-effective and sustainable alternative used for the extraction and recovery of precious metals from WEEE
Duane Nelson
CEO & President
EnviroLeach Technologies
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

Green & Sustainable Electronics

Day1: November 18, 2020

Keynote presentations - Eco-principles in consumer electronics: redesign, repurpose or refurbish
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Circular economy research implications for EU Ecodesign Policy influencing the recyclability of electronic products
Ceri Fenwick
EngD Researcher, Centre for Environment & Sustainability/Environmental Research Engineer
University of Surrey/Sony Interactive Entertainment Europe
Ceri's presentation will focus on the challenges faced to ensure that regulations implemented under the EU’s Circular Economy Action Plan deliver on their environmental aims. For the electronics sector, product-specific regulations are being applied through the Ecodesign Directive to mandate material efficiency legislation that is appropriate and effective. This includes Design for Recycling options that target priority materials such as plastics and CRMs. Ceri will therefore present initial findings from two research projects and discuss the subsequent implications for current and near future Ecodesign policy and legislation influencing the recyclability of electronic products in Europe. The research projects include a case study investigation of e-waste plastics, including understanding the challenges and opportunities to increase recycling of e-wate plastics through product design. A further project involves the analysis of critical raw materials in electronics, which revolves around understanding the challenges involved in declaring CRM content in electronics, through an applied example of laboratory analysis and supplier available information.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Assess a feasible and integrated strategy for sustainable wearable products
Mulan Mu
Sustainability & Supply Chain Continuity Manager
Fitbit
As we innovate to introduce more health and fitness trackers and smartwatches to make health available to everyone, we looked into the concepts of modularity, repairability, and reliability, and if they could be executed all at once on a wearable device like Fitbit. Should different strategies be considered to meet the business bottom line of quality, cost, and customer experience? To meet the sustainable product bottom line of phasing out non-circular plastics, incorporating more recycled materials, and eliminating harmful chemicals? We will present a few Fitbit examples and hope to initiate conversations with participants at the conference to discuss a path forward for the industry.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Green innovations in products and solutions by Huawei
Anders Andrae
Senior Expert Life Cycle Assessment
Huawei Technologies
Huawei’s hypothesis is that digitalized industries can make their operations smarter and more sustainable. As a result, the company is convinced that ICT can help reduce the footprint in main societal and industrial sectors more times than its own. Especially green of 5G and green by 5G are instrumental enablers of such outcomes. Regarding ICT's own footprint, Huawei systematically reduces its own and related emissions by adhering to international standards. Promoting environmental protection is one of Huawei’s sustainability strategies and several goals are set and met. We here focus on our recent green innovations in products and solutions such as 5G. Supply chain initiatives are also outlined.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Out with the old, in with the re-used
Steven Clayton
Regulatory Affairs Manager
Samsung Electronics
The electronics industry is a fast-innovating and high-demand sector. As our lives continue to be ever more reliant on electronic solutions, the waste associated has and will continue to (inevitably) grow. There is a balance needed managing the demand dictated, while ensuring operations across the entire life-cycle of products are circular. The systems already in place in the EU and globally have led to a significant effort to manage this problem, but with the growing need for all industries to become truly circular there is, rightly so, a strong policy drive to legislate this. We are now seeing a new era for EU sustainability policy, namely the CEAP 2.0, Sustainable Chemicals Strategy, Sustainable Products Initiative, as well as member state specific action plans. Discussed in Steven's presentation are some of Samsung’s activities in search of the company's broader company sustainability targets for the future. In addition, he will highlight the need for the realities of e-waste treatment and product use/re-use to be at the forefront of credible policy choices going forward, which truly realize and push the circular economy for electronics.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Closing the loop for plastic in electronic products: main drivers, challenges and key success factors
Dr Marta Jakowczyk
Program Manager: Take Back and Recovery Ops EMEA
HP
Plastics can be considered one of the most important discoveries of the past century. Due to their tremendous advantages such as ease of manufacturing, versatility, durability and low cost, plastics have become the 'new metals' in electronics manufacturing and other sectors. However, plastic has also become a growing environmental issue due to its petroleum-based (non-biodegradable) baseline. Conscious of the environmental impact, the implementation of open-loop recycling solutions (although more environmentally friendly) were still far from being the holistic solution. More recently, aligning with the circular economy trend, closed-loop plastics recycling initiatives (in which post-consumer plastic is collected, recycled, cleaned and compounded to make new consumer products), addressed the issue definitively. HP Inc's experience in closed-loop recycling with ink cartridges started 16 years ago, but more recently the tech giant established a commitment and challenged itself to expand this process to the hardware space. The plastics closed-loop system is a complex puzzle which requires high focus in all stages including; channel partner relationships, take-back schemes from customers, conscientious consumers and recycling partners, recycling, compounding, molding, product design, qualification and manufacturing. HP joined partners with the same vision to develop of an end-to-end solution. Like any other complex industrial process, the solution must define and scale-up an economically beneficial outcome for all partners involved. Marta's presentation highlights the drivers, challenges, success factors, and the continued learnings of this innovative, groundbreaking process.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Making circular sustainable
Corey Dehmey
Executive Director
SERI - Sustainable Electronics Recycling International
For the past 30 years, we focused on reacting to the problem of e-waste. More recently, a broader movement toward a circular economy has incorporated the electronics recycling sector in the cause. But in a circular economy, is e-waste the right term to fit the concept? Moreover, while recycling is naturally circular, is waiting and reacting to e-waste sustainable? Or do we need a broader approach to prevent e-waste in the first place? Sustainable is often thought of as an environmental impact. But what is sustainability and how does sustainability work in electronics and the broader circular economy? Join Corey's presentation for an exploration through our journey to sustainability.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Not repeating the mistakes of the past: the demand for sustainable solar energy technology
Nancy Gillis
CEO
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Alexander Klonick
Manager, Education & Engagement
Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA)
Andreas Wade
Global Sustainability Director
First Solar
Max Scher
Head of Clean Energy & Carbon Programs
Salesforce
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
System-wide responses to tackling e-waste: circular from end to end
1:15 pm - 6:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Sustainable solutions for electronics, photonics and diagnostics
Liisa Hakola
Senior Scientist
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Electronics, photonics and diagnostics made of sustainable materials can offer a potentially cost-effective alternate in various applications and meet the needs to use renewable materials. Sustainability can be addressed from different perspectives: 1.) By utilizing materials originating from renewable resources; 2.) By utilizing compostable or bio-degradable materials; 3.) By effectively reusing/recycling materials, components and products (circular economy); 4.) By designing products tailored for circular economy (eco-design, circular design); and/or 5.) By using energy- and material-efficient manufacturing processes, such as roll-to-roll compatible printing technologies.

1:40 pm (CET)

Sustainable hardware: a vital foundation for renewable energy projects
Patty Dillon
Senior Director - Criteria & Category Development
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Access to energy has provided tremendous societal benefits but at a price; the 1,000-year-long half-life of spent nuclear fuel to the climate change impacts of fossil fuels. Renewable energy, especially solar, seeks to provide energy without that same environmental cost. But what is the environmental impact of solar panels and inverters? The Green Electronics Council (GEC), a mission-driven non-profit that envisions a world of only sustainable technology, has launched a PV Modules and Inverters product category under its ecolabel EPEAT. Learn about the EPEAT criteria and the environmental impacts they address. Understand the role of Salesforce and the Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA) in utilizing EPEAT.

2:05 pm (CET)

Implementation of circular economy for electronics: a product design perspective
Rainer Pamminger
Senior Researcher
Vienna University of Technology
Circular economy (CE) is a concept aiming to maintain the value of products, materials and resources in the economy for as long as possible and generating waste is minimized. To realize CE, there is a need for circular designed products as well a new business models, which enable the circularity. This presentation will introduce circular design and business model strategies e.g. longevity, modularity, pay per use, etc, and highlights related best-practice examples on the market. For practical implementation, a method to select the relevant circular strategies for a specific product and further methods to develop circular products are demonstrated.

2:30 pm (CET)

Nanoclay reinforced nanocellulose: a wood-based substrate for recyclable and rollable electronics
Alireza Dolatshahi-Pirouz
Group Leader/Associate Professor - Department of Health Technology
Technical University of Denmark
E-waste generation has become a major concern in the modern society. Major components of traditional electronics are composed of non-biodegradable inorganic materials such as ceramics and various metals. On the other hand, modern electronics are gradually shifting to flexible, lightweight and even stretchable materials, which in turn can help get rid of the traditional rigid substrates and minimize the use of metals in the electronic devices. Various polymeric substrates have been introduced into the electronic industries such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), and polyimide (PI) – they are all suitable for a broad range of applications ranging from energy, transistors to biomedical devices. However, the waste generation from these flexible electronics remains a major concern due to the use of non-biodegradable and toxic synthetic polymers. Therefore, there is a great deal of research and development to develop biodegradable electronics to ensure the waste generated from the electronics will be non-toxic and environmentally safe. Naturally derived polymers are a good substrates for green electronics application due to their intrinsic enzymatic degradability. However, their poor mechanical and thermal barrier properties are a major obstacle in this regard. To this end, a lightweight, flexible and even rollable substrate has been developed using environment friendly nanoclay and nanocellulose materials for rollable electronics (rotronics) applications. Nanocellulose is a wood-based materials and has been explored as bioderived and biodegradable materials. In this presentation, Professor Dolatshahi-Pirouz will demonstrate that the nanoclay with nanocellulose can yield flexible, strong, transparent, thermally stable, and low cost paper for rotronics applications. Moreover, the materials are inexpensive and easy to process; therefore the manufacturing process of the nanocomposite paper makes them more industrially viable.

2:55 pm (CET)

Securing the rare earth permanent magnet supply chain in Europe
Ana Maria Martinez
Senior Research Scientist
SINTEF
Rare earth elements (REE) are instrumental in the full deployment of green-technologies towards decarbonization. Currently, it is forecasted an increasing demand of REE in Europe, mainly for NdFeB-permanent magnets used in highly effective motors for electric vehicles and wind turbine generators. Utilizing permanent magnets from discarded products and appliances as supply material in permanent magnet manufacturing allows a complete closed-loop permanent magnet recycling process, namely from wastes to new products. The development of cost-effective and environmentally friendly REE-extraction technologies opens-up the possibility of securing an important value chain in Europe, giving a promising market opportunity for a recycling business.
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

WEEE plastics recycling
Richard McKinlay
Head of Consulting
Axion
Axion is one of the leading recyclers in plastics derived from WEEE and automotive shredding. Recycling of plastics from WEEE brings several challenges and opportunities. With growing concerns over legacy additives and persistent organic pollutants (POPs), new innovative solutions need to be developed. Richard's presentation will cover the current reality for recycling of plastics from WEEE and how infrastructure and technology may need to be adapted in the coming years to maximise recycling.

4:15 pm (CET)

Toxics in, toxics out: how do we stop the circulation of toxic additives from plastics?
Karolina Brabcova
Toxics & Plastics Adviser
Arnika/IPEN
The presentation will provide an insight into the toxic chemicals that are added during production of electronics, retained during recycling and widely and uncontrollably spread through end-of-life attempts to manage the e-waste in the global south countries. It will shed light on how toxic persistent organic pollutants associated with plastics in electronics are released into the environment and consequently coming back to our homes in the products made of recycled e-waste plastics while posing a severe risk to human health both today and for decades to come.

4:40 pm (CET)

refurbed: the refurbished market as a driver for the circular economy
Kilian Kaminski
Co-Founder & CEO
refurbed
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

5:05 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Sebastian Daus
Co-Founder & CEO
FixFirst
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

5:30 pm (CET)

Aliter insights and opportunities for circular IT during 2020 and the COVID-19 period
Arjen Workum
Network Consultant
Aliter Networks
Presentation synopsis to be announced

5:55 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Systematic and cultural barriers to electronics re-use
Jan Hoogstrate
Executive Director
Free ICT Europe Foundation
Kilian Kaminski
Co-Founder & CEO
refurbed
Sebastian Daus
Co-Founder & CEO
FixFirst
Arjen Workum
Network Consultant
Aliter Networks
Fredrik Forslund
Vice President, Cloud and Data Center Erasure Solutions
Blancco
The transition toward a circular economy requires huge changes to production and consumption systems, going way beyond resource efficiency and recycling waste. What we know from the recently published E-Waste Monitor is that electric and electronics equipment is being scrapped at an alarming rate instead of being salvaged, fixed and re-used. Circular material use, including recycling, re-use and refurbishment, aims to reduce the generation of waste as well as our dependence on extraction and imports of raw materials. As such, it can bring both environmental and economic benefits, and it is increasingly recognized as the resource use mechanism that would allow societal and environmental sustainability. However, numerous factors exist that limit opportunities and instances of re-use of electrical and electronic equipment, such as systemic and consumer barriers such as producer reluctance, unsuitable collection infrastructure and cultural issues. This panel will delve into some of these barriers and explain how effective models can be implemented, which will help us move successfully toward a resource-efficient, circular economy.

Day2: November 19, 2020

Exploring routes to re-use for discarded EEE: toward a circular economy
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Building the most sustainable high-end smartphone
Carsten Waldeck
CEO & Founder
Shift Phones
At its core, SHIFT has a simple mission: to do as much good while doing as little damage as possible. Since 2014, brothers Carsten and Samuel Waldeck have been producing smartphones manufactured under fair conditions at SHIFT's own manufacturing facility. The makers of the first smartphones designed in Germany have staked their company's future on their ‘modular’ (i.e. ‘repairable’) design. This design stems in part from the firm's desire to enrich the technology sector by coming up with the most sustainable techniques and concepts for preventing electrical and other waste. But that doesn't mean SHIFT is compromising on design and quality. After all, as far as SHIFT's founders are concerned, there is no point in producing a phone under fair conditions unless it works properly and looks great too. That's why so much love and attention goes into every single SHIFTPHONE. The SHIFTPHONE is currently the most modular and sustainable high end smartphone so far. In recognition of this status, both the company and its products have been honoured with variety of awards, including the ‘Hessischer Gründerpreis’ (awarded to entrepreneurs in the German Federal State of Hesse) and the German Federal Ecodesign Award.
 

9:25 am (CET)

How can we facilitate responsible trade for circular electronics?
James Pennington
Lead, Circular Economy & China Partnerships
World Economic Forum
Kimberley Botwright
Community Lead, Global Trade and Investment SI
World Economic Forum
Electronics are a critical part of our lives and even more so in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Unfortunately, however, too many electronics wind up in the informal sector or are stored away in households. Yet these products contain valuable raw materials, many of which are not recovered, while opportunities for product life extension, repair and re-use are not fully captured. Going forward, accelerating circular strategies is a priority for many companies and consumers. These strategies rely on reverse supply chains but are not always supported by current regulatory environments. This presentation will frame the challenges around trade and reverse electronics supply chains. It will also explore some regulatory and public-private solutions.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Enlarging the loop, a crucial measure for the circular economy
Jan Hoogstrate
Executive Director
Free ICT Europe Foundation
One of our key challenges in closing the loop is to include extending the life-cycle of products; stimulating repair/maintenance, re-use, upgrading and refurbishment. Operational experts in this are often independent companies, which might be operating too much in stealth mode. An increasing awareness has already led to new EU legislation and more to come. A fair level playing field in both B2B and B2C markets needs to be created to stimulate the circular economy and to keep value assigned to well running equipment. How do they do it?
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

From zero carbon supply chains to circular electronics: steps to more sustainability
Dr Constantin Herrmann
Director Consulting - Sustainability, Manufacturing & Electronics
Sphera
Sustainability is a long term task for industry and always a challenge that is so far supposed to be demanding, costly and needs continuous care and efforts – just to have good marketing and reputation in place. Recent developments in society, politics and industry turn the page into a true business case. Zero carbon supply chains and zero carbon scope is a key question for future stable business. This presentation from Dr Herrmann will demonstrate approaches to satisfy OEMs seeking carbon-neutral products in a zero carbon Europe, will detect links on topics in the broad field of sustainability and will explain why circular economy is key aspect for CO2 neutral electronics.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Designing electronics for the circular economy: let's rethink our brake to e-waste generation
Kévin Le Blevennec
Circular Economy Researcher
VITO
Designing sustainable products and addressing issues posed by key value chains such as electronics is higher than ever on the EU political agenda. Recent VITO research results on the quality of collected WEEE, the design of solar modules for circularity, or again a comprehensive review on the progressive integration of material efficiency requirements within the sustainable product policy framework, can only reinforce this need to integrate holistic approaches connecting different product life-cycle stages and stakeholders at early design and development phases. While electronics will keep penetrating new market opportunities and niches for enabling the digital transformation, and as ecodesign is becoming a multi-dimensional activity in this transition towards a circular economy, we urgently need to rethink and propose new methodological approaches for efficiently organising the integration of effective ecodesign approaches.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Supporting a closed-loop economy, by maximizing recycling and recovery of materials and by minimizing waste and reducing the environmental footprint
Arthur Schwesig
Head of Research & Development
Bage Plastics
bage plastics has mastered the complex process of repurposing plastics from diverse sources of e-waste for the circular economy. As Arthur will reveal in his presentation, during 2020 the Austria-based recycling specialist reinvented plastics upcycling and at E-Waste World Virtual Summit is presenting its new portfolio to help producers get to the circular forefront with their future electronics product iterations. A brand-new UL yellow-card listed ABS with top performance for electronic appliances will be discussed, as will an enhanced recycled PP for high-end articles with true color stability, an outstanding PC/ABS with brilliant surface, and a highly efficient HIPS for white and colorful goods.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Financing e-waste management in Africa
Reinhardt Smit
Director - Supply Chains
Closing The Loop
Adrian Clews
Managing Director
Hinckley Associates Nigeria
Sampson Atiemo
Researcher
Mountain Research Institute
Guya Merkle
Founder
Vieri Fine Jewellery
Sören Enholm
CEO
TCO Development
This panel will go into the opportunities that responsible e-waste management in developing countries have to offer. The challenge of finding the right financing mechanisms is a big one, but there is light at the end of the tunnel. Experts look into this challenge and what innovative ideas are out there to tackle it.
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
E-waste challenges: re-use practices and principles
1:15 pm - 6:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Implementing the waste hierarchy thanks to the re-use of e-waste by social enterprises
Mathieu Rama
Senior Policy Officer - Environment
RREUSE
Mathieu will showcase the role of re-use social enterprises in implementing the waste hierarchy via prioritising re-use and preparing for re-use over recycling when dealing with e-waste. He will then demonstrate how EU policies can enhance this sector, notably through encouraging cooperation between all actors of the value chain, bettering the design of e-products and improving e-waste collection models to safeguard re-usability.

1:40 pm (CET)

The psychology of reused e-waste
Cris Stephenson
CEO
Environcom
As the largest UK white goods re-use business. Envirocom has access to some interesting data and conclusions on the why, how and where re-use appliances are sold. E-waste re-use needs to mature and expand out of the cottage business it is and become a mainstay of our retail landscape and more importantly of our psychological purchasing DNA.

2:05 pm (CET)

E-waste Down Under: reforms and action in Australia
Professor John Gertsakis
Adjunct Professor/Director and Co-founder
The Institute for Sustainable Futures/EWaste Watch
Rose Read
Director & Co-founder
eWaste Watch
This presentation will provide a forthright update on the state of play of e-waste management in Australia. It will highlight recent policy and regulatory reforms as well as commentary on industry performance, consumer expectations and new Commonwealth Recycling and Waste Reduction legislation that is seeking to encourage increased producer responsibility for electrical and electronic products, including solar panels and batteries.

2:30 pm (CET)

E-waste and the enterprise: data sanitization’s role in the circular economy
Fredrik Forslund
Vice President, Cloud and Data Center Erasure Solutions
Blancco
In Blancco’s 2019 survey of senior decision makers from around the world, the company found that over 35% of large enterprises put their organizations at serious risk of a data breach with poor IT asset disposal practices. Additionally, Blancco found that 39% of organizations surveyed physically destroyed end-of-life IT equipment because they believed it was 'better for the environment'. Blancco is on a mission to show there is a more sustainable option for functional devices — one that supports both data protection and more environmentally sound IT reuse and recycling—and is keeping tabs on industry approaches to IT disposal. In this presentation, Blancco VP of Enterprise and Cloud Erasure Solutions Fredrik Forslund will give E-Waste World Virtual Summit attendees a first glimpse of the findings from brand-new research of 600 key decision makers. He’ll show how large enterprises are handling the problem of e-waste, the IT disposal practices and policies they follow and how the Covid-19 pandemic has affected both. Fredrik will also equip you with tips and advice to implement sustainable IT end-of-life practices in your own organization. These include how to put a stop to unnecessary physical destruction and promote reuse; how to gain data security confidence when reusing or reselling used assets; and the importance of including proper IT asset disposal and e-waste best practices in your corporate social responsibility (CSR) policy. Join Fredrik to see how enterprises can help slow the trend of increased e-waste!

2:55 pm (CET)

Developing a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) model with the Government of Georgia: insights and lessons learned
Morton Hemkhaus
Project Manager
adelphi
The Government of Georgia has introduced an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) system for e-waste in order to increase the collection and recycling rate and reduce the proportion of landfilled materials. It obliges producers to bear the responsibility for the proper handling and disposal of their products and is mandatory since December 2019 under the Waste Management Act. On behalf of UNDP and the NGO Georgia's Environmental Outlook, adelphi supported the government of Georgia in developing a model for a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) serving as a compliance service provider to Georgian producers. Morton's presentation will summarize the key insights and the lessons learned.
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

Right to repair: opening up a world of economic possibilities
Kyle Wiens
CEO & Co-founder
iFixit
What is the future of repair? Manufacturers are locking down and gluing together products, but recyclers and refurbishers are fighting back. They have introduced Right to Repair legislation in over 20 US states, and France is requiring Repairability labels for smartphones and laptops starting in January 2021. Hear the latest on the fight for consumers' rights to fix the things that we own, as well as an update on the design trends in the latest smartphones introduced in 2020.

4:15 pm (CET)

Sustainable IT procurement for normal people
Joost de Kluijver
Founder
Closing the Loop
Purchasing IT in a more sustainable way is easy. And it can be done today, in a commercially interesting way. Since its commercial start in 2014, Closing the Loop has been a pioneer in circularity for tech hardware. The company serves demanding customers that are often reluctant to choose sustainability over usability, and works in an industry that needs to improve its sustainable image. As a result, Closing the Loop developed highly pragmatic circular services. Closing the Loop's waste-compensation services are used for commercial/customer value as well as to create positive impact for the tech industry and its stakeholders. Closing the Loop now works with industry leaders, government and most of all just normal people to deliver on the need for a green service that's a no-brainer. Join Joost for what is sure to be an engaging presentation to find out how!

4:40 pm (CET)

Creating circular solutions for electronics: case studies in closed- and open-loop re-use and recycling models
Jelle Slenters
EU ITAD Head of Business Development
Sims Lifecycle Services
Redefining e-waste as e-material, the opportunity to create change, Jelle's presentation showcases industry-leading examples of advanced partnerships that leverage circular design principles, closed-loop systems and responsible business models to support the transition to circular electronics manufacturing, distribution, use and disposal for re-use and recycling. Each case study illustrates the steps in the pathway toward sustainable circular solutions with great positive environmental and social impact throughout the entire value chain.

5:05 pm (CET)

Stringent partnerships between ecosystem and organizations in social and solidarity economy ensure quality and professionalized re-use and preparing for reu-se of WEEE
Astrid Lebrun-Frisdal
Responsable ESS
ecosystem
How can an EPR scheme organize re-use and preparing for re-use activities? How can these activities be developed and diversified? Astrid will explain in the context of of France with social and solidarity economy networks.

5:30 pm (CET)

Reducing e-waste: practical experience from the front line
Anthony Levy
CEO
Cistor
A candid view of the challenges facing technology manufacturers and business consumers in reducing e-waste, including some myth-busting, repeatable real-life success stories, and how technology can be more sustainable.

5:55 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Development and demonstration of WEEE prevention and re-use paradigms
Mathieu Rama
Senior Policy Officer - Environment
RREUSE
Chloé Mikolajczack
Sustainability Consultant
Restart
José Manuel Portas
Project Technician
AERESS
Astrid Lebrun-Frisdal
Responsable ESS
ecosystem
According to the waste hierarchy, repair and re-use should be the first treatment operations applied to e-products that are not functioning or not used anymore. However, they are too often discarded prematurely in collection models designed to collect recyclables, restricting their potential lifetime. This is partly due to the fact that repair operations are often too difficult or too expensive to be conducted. This is clearly a missed opportunity to save resources and create sustainable jobs. This panel discussion aims at identifying the solutions that exist in the EU to extend the lifetime of e-products through improving the collection models, setting eco-design requirements on durability and reparability and fostering the development of re-use activities.

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 18, 2020

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:45 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Battery impacts and opportunities: the future of mineral demand and supply
Carrie George
VP & Head of Sustainability Solutions
Everledger
The lithium-ion battery market has the positive potential to support distributed access to electricity storage for global applications ranging from solar panels to health care products in emerging markets. Like many mined materials and consumer products, cobalt and lithium extraction and end-of-life e-waste have had negative impacts on people and the planet that must be addressed. Everledgers’ Head of Sustainability, Carrie Mae George, explores the opportunities of technology to meet the intended impacts of regulatory human rights due diligence requirements, achieve efficiencies to not only track climate impact but connect immediately with offset partners, and to capture market led circular models to address increasing material demand.
 

9:25 am (CET)

End-of-life management of lithium-ion batteries
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage
Circular Energy Storage covers the lithium-ion battery market from a life-cycle perspective. The company collects and analyzes information on batteries and applications placed on the market, how they are used, re-used and recycled. It tracks the volumes, follows the players, prices and the research. And then they turn that into actionable data and analysis. Hans-Eric will exclusively present the main findings from Circular Energy Storage's new research, 'The lithium-ion life cycle report 2020'. 
 

9:50 am (CET)

Mastering the evolution of battery revolution
Jaakko Savolainen
Commercial Director
Fortum Battery Solutions
With a growing number of devices running on electricity, we are facing a new challenge. The growing need for batteries consumes enormous amounts of rare metals, such as cobalt, manganese and nickel. If we run out of these scarce metals, we can bid farewell to further electrification and the increasing use of renewable energy sources. As pioneers of electrification based on renewables, this is a challenge Fortum is resolving. Jaakko will explain why we need an efficient life cycle for lithium-ion batteries. That’s why the company has developed solutions for every stage of the life cycle as well as a sustainable way to recycle the majority of the materials used in batteries and use them to create new ones. We will renew the value chain for lithium-ion batteries to enable a cleaner, electrified future.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Embracing sustainable technologies in cell production and recycling: next-generation lithium-ion battery manufacturing
Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer
Northvolt
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:10 am (CET)

EV traction batteries in a circular economy
Dr Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG
As a rapidly emerging technology that will generate a high demand for raw materials, EV-batteries are the ideal test case for establishing sustainable circular material flows. The presentation will introduce the results of the working group on traction batteries of the Circular Economy Initiative Germany (CEID). Requirements to physically close the loop for battery metals (directly or after a potential 2nd life) and respective supportive frame conditions will be elaborated. In this context a systemic perspective with well described system boundaries and clear definitions is crucial to obtain meaningful recycling rates and marketable recyclates.
 

11:35 am (CET)

BatteryLoop: sustainable solution for second use of electric vehicle batteries
Rasmus Bergström
Executive Director Product Development & CEO
BatteryLoop/Stena Recycling Group
The BatteryLoop concept prolongs the useful life of electric vehicle batteries and provides a more sustainable solution both from a financial and an environmental point of view. Batteries that are no longer usable in vehicles may be used for energy storage. BatteryLoop Technologies was formed in 2017 by Stena Recycling. The combination of collection and recycling of vehicle batteries in Stena Recycling and the award-winning power electronics and energy storage solutions in Ferroamp provides unique opportunities to use batteries in a second life. As Rasmus will explain in his presentation, the second use of the electric vehicle batteries BatteryLoop will secure a take-back system of these batteries including a sustainable recycling handled by Stena Recycling.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: New process developments to ensure profitable recycling of Lithium-ion electric vehicle batteries
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Professor Andy Abbott
Professor of Physical Chemistry
University of Leicester
Apostolos Axenopoulos
Postdoctoral Researcher
Centre for Research and Technology Hellas/Information Technologies Institute (CERTH/ITI)
Dr Alireza Rastegarpanah
Research Fellow, The Faraday Institution
University of Birmingham
Lauren Crandon
Research Engineer
OnTo Technology
Linda Gaines
Systems Analyst
Argonne National Laboratory
Steve Sloop
President
OnTo Technology
This panel discussion featuring some of the world's leading experts in lithium-ion battery recycling will shed some light on current and future recycling methods for end-of-life Li-ion batteries from electric vehicles. The demands of Li-ion batteries for automotive applications and power electronics are expected to increase exponentially in the next decades. Recycling cathode materials from end-of-life batteries provides a huge source of CRMs, and offers a much more attractive and sustainable alternative for some of the high-value elements such as cobalt and nickel. Experts from Argonne National Laboratory, the University of Birmingham's Faraday Institution, University of Leicester, ITI and OnTo Technology will provide key insights and directions for future R&D.
 
Networking Session -
12:45 pm - 1:15 am (CET)
 
Battery waste, recycling and sustainability in the electric vehicle transition
1:15 pm - 5:35 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Advanced lithium battery recycling process and equipment: 10,000-ton industry-scale application
Xiao Lin
CEO
Botree Cycling
Cobalt, nickel and lithium are critical raw materials in lithium-ion battery (LIB) supply chain. However, its primary production from minerals is very energy intensive with significant environmental impacts. Furthermore, a supply shortage of materials and metals is occurring and proper waste disposal of end-of-life products is becoming an emerging environmental challenge. In our research, an entire life-cycle metallic resource strategy is proposed that considers the whole-process cost and resource utilization, by upgrading resource efficiency on the whole life-cycle and optimizing whole-process pollution control in materials engineering, waste management, and metal recycling, with an aim to achieve lower cost processes in whole life-cycle.

1:40 pm (CET)

Recovery of cobalt from secondary sources
Karen Sende Osen
Senior Research Scientist
SINTEF
Cobalt is used in many applications that support the shift to a low-carbon economy. It is an element essential for battery applications, and driven by the market for electric vehicles, the demand for Cobalt is rising. The CROCODILE project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, aims to drastically reduce the supply risk of cobalt for the European industries by increasing the efficiency of recovery and extraction processes for cobalt, both from primary and secondary sources. CROCODILE strives to achieve this with lower energy costs and environmental impacts.

2:05 pm (CET)

Pilot-Plant: a battery recycling solution in action
Jean-Christophe Lambert
Business Development Manager
Lithion Recycling
Lithion Recycling has developed an efficient and disruptive hydrometallurgy-based process for recycling lithium-ion batteries. This new process allows up to 95% of the battery components to be safely recovered and treated so that they can be re-used in the battery supply chain. To develop a recycling solution that is sustainable and technically proven, a pilot-plant stage becomes crucial in order to answer efficiently the future and long-term needs of the industry. Benoit will share the first updates and results of Lithion Recycling's 200 mt/year pilot-plant designed to recycle lithium-ion batteries from packs and modules directly to the raw materials.

2:30 pm (CET)

Experience with prototype battery second-life systems on a megawatt scale
Dr Jürgen Kölch
Marketing/PR
EVA Fahrzeugtechnik
The use of used electric vehicle batteries is still a new topic. There are relatively few electric vehicles on the road and used vehicle batteries for a stationary application will only become available when their range and performance are no longer adequate for the customer. There is little experience in the construction and operation of these systems with corresponding standards and regulations. Jurgen's presentation will show two already realized battery plants on a megawatt scale and report the experience in planning and construction.

2:55 pm (CET)

The ReCell Center: working toward cost-effective battery recycling
Jeffrey Spangenberger
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center, the US Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office’s advanced battery recycling center, is working to improve the economics of lithium-ion battery recycling to enable widespread adoption of electric vehicles by helping to reduce the cost of battery materials. Jeff's presentation will provide an overview of the center, made up of several US national laboratories and universities, and its four focus areas. A technique called direct cathode recycling will be discussed along with progress of technologies aimed at recovering value from non-cathode components of the battery.
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

Sustainability aspects for the recycling of present and future battery technologies
Marcel Weil
Head of Research for Sustainable Energy Technologies
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
The importance of recycling for batteries is analyzed by means of a life-cycle analysis (LCA). In this case, three different energy storage systems with and without recycling are compared. The results show the high importance of considering recycling. Currently there is a trend to reduce the content of valuable substances (especially metals) in batteries. Cobalt in particular is being replaced by nickel, for example in the NMC systems (from NMC 111 to NMC 811). For lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries, the material value is even significantly lower and could be dramatically lower in the future for sodium or magnesium batteries. Therefore, there is a future need for a simpler (low cost, low effort) recycling technology. Direct recycling of electrode material could be an option here.

4:15 pm (CET)

Decarbonizing electric vehicles thanks to Zero Carbon Lithium production
Vincent Ledoux Pedailles
Vice President - Business Development
Vulcan Energy
Vulcan Energy Resources is aiming to become the world’s first Zero Carbon Lithium producer, by producing a battery-quality lithium hydroxide chemical product with net zero carbon footprint from its combined geothermal and lithium resource, which is Europe’s largest lithium resource, in the Upper Rhine Valley of Germany. In doing so, it will fix lithium’s current problems for the EU market: a very high carbon and water footprint of production, and total reliance on imports, mostly from China. Vulcan aims to supply the lithium-ion battery and electric vehicle market in Europe, which is the fastest growing in the world. Vulcan can satisfy the region’s needs for the electric vehicle transition, from a zero-carbon source, for many years to come.

4:40 pm (CET)

Integrated recycling and cathode manufacturing for sustainable, high-performance batteries
Joseph Bush
Vice President Business Development
Battery Resourcers
Battery Resourcers (BR) is operating the world's most efficient and cost-effective Li-ion battery recycling and cathode manufacturing process. BR cross-cutting technology integrates recycling, refining and materials engineering, to convert mixed chemistries of batteries and manufacturing scrap into new, high-performance NMC cathode. BR cathode meets or exceeds all performance criteria laid out by the USABC, while reducing GHG emissions by 20% relative to traditional manufacture. Operations at the Massachusetts demonstration facility are capable of recycling 200TpA with cathode qualification at cell manufacturers underway. BR is expanding to 7,000TpA recycling capacity in US (Q2-2021), similar capacity in the EU during 2023.

5:05 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Why we need sustainable batteries in the energy transition in Europe
Piotr Barczak
Senior Policy Officer: Waste
European Environmental Bureau (EEB)
Alex Keynes
Clean Vehicles Manager
Transport & Environment (T&E)
Rita Tedesco
Programme Manager, Energy & Climate Team
ECOS
During this short panel discussion, experts from EEB, ECOS and Transport & Environment will present their views on the anticipated revision of the EU Batteries Directive. The directive needs a serious update to ensure the sector is ready to deliver the European Green Deal objectives. This implies looking at environmental performance, material sourcing, carbon footprint, durability, repairability, recycled content, collection, recycling, toxicity and others. Is there a place for a second life of batteries in energy storage after their use in vehicles? Should primary batteries be phased out? How much recycled content is needed and achievable? The proposal is due 9 December 2020, so this discussion will surely prepare stakeholders for a lively debate going forward.

Day2: November 19, 2020

Leading the charge on recycling used electric vehicle batteries
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

European legislation for sustainable batteries – an NGO perspective
Rita Tedesco
Programme Manager, Energy & Climate Team
ECOS
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:25 am (CET)

Hydromechanical recycling process for Li-Ion-batteries
Dr Jörg Zimmermann
Materials Scientist
Fraunhofer IWKS
Li-ion battery recycling is currently dominated by two different basic routes, pyrometallurgical and mechanical. An alternative route will be presented by Dr Zimmermann, based on a hydro-mechanical process providing safety advantages and robustness of the pyrometallurgical process and the material selectivity of the mechanical separation. The process has broad application potential for various battery types due to its adaptability for different shapes and construction designs, especially for large battery systems coming from automotive sector. The process uses electrohydraulic fragmentation and several dismantling and sorting techniques based on water as medium or energy transmitter. Current state, challenges and opportunities of the hydro-mechanical Li-ion battery recycling process are presented.
 

9:50 am (CET)

BATCircle: circular ecosystem of battery metals
Pyry Hannula
BATCircle Project Manager/Postdoctoral Researcher
Aalto University School of Chemical Engineering
According to the European Union, the European battery market value is forecasted to reach €250 billion by 2025, while the majority of the current lithium ion battery value chain is based in Asia. Responsible sourcing and refining of raw materials, the production of active battery materials, and efficient recycling of end-of-life batteries are needed to meet the increasing demand for a sustainable battery materials value chain that supports ongoing energy and mobility transitions. Finland is an exceptional operating area in the booming battery metals business: a small country with rich reserves of battery materials including nickel, cobalt, lithium and graphite, several metallurgical operators, technological competence and infrastructure, and research center and university research groups recognized by the sector. The strength of the BATCircle project is to bring all the key players from the Finnish battery metals ecosystem together to find opportunities for improved competitiveness and new business in a circular economy.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Creating a local critical battery materials supply chain
Ajay Kochhar
President & CEO
Li-Cycle
How can the world reduce reliance on foreign sources? E-Waste World Virtual Summit delegates will have the answer after this webinar as this presentation will walk through approaches to create a local supply chain through recovering critical materials from lithium-ion batteries. Ajay's presentation will explore the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions, while addressing the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling and how Li-Cycle’s Hub-and-Spoke model is able to help overcome some of these industry challenges particularly in light of the recent pandemic. He will demonstrate the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions and explain the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Battery-as-a-Service: a circular economy approach to improve the economics of lithium-ion batteries
Dr Wolfgang Bernhart
Senior Partner | Automotive
Roland Berger
The market for lithium-ion batteries is increasing to more than 2,000GWh in 2030, with more than 95% of batteries used for transportation and stationary energy storage applications. Current cell costs are at levels of around €75/Wh. While prices for OEMs are significant lower than a few years ago, material costs of BEVs and PHEVs are still significant higher than of conventional cars. Since customers are not prepared to pay a price premium, OEM margins for BEVs are lower than for ICE cars. Strong competition also results in relatively low margins of cell manufacturers. New business models are needed. Examples from China will be presented by Wolfgang: to increase asset utilization, by re-using battery modules for remanufacturing of vehicle batteries or in stationary applications, and by connecting the vehicle-to-grid to use vehicle batteries as distributed energy storage. Connectivity of the battery also allows to increase cycle life, and reduce qualification costs for second life. Finally Cathode-to-cathode recycling processes maximize value end-of-life.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Efficient reuse or recycling of end of first-life EV batteries requires scaled digital platforms to underpin the circular economy
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Drawing on Circulor’s case studies, this talk will explore the evolving role of traceability to underpin efficient and responsible disposal and reuse of scarce raw materials.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Circular business models: overcoming barriers, unleashing potential
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Tilmann Vahle
Associate/Lead
SYSTEMIQ/Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland
Circulor's Douglas Johnson-Poensgen has a fireside chat with Tilmann Vahle, who is one of the architects and authors of the Circular Economy Initiative Germany report, which has just launched, the aim of which was to develop a scientifically based practical manual for the successful implementation of business practices for advancing a circular economy (CE). There is a huge focus on EV batteries and Germany leads Europe (and probably the world) in this. 
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
More batteries, less waste: transitioning to a circular battery metals value chain
1:15 pm - 5:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Efficient and safe recycling of lithium-ion batteries
Alfred Weber
Sales Director | Recycling & Environmental Technology
BHS-Sonthofen
BHS-Sonthofen's Christian will present a new process for recycling lithium batteries and accumulators. In addition to process reliability, the focus is on ensuring the direct usability of the end products. The heart of the process is a shredder from BHS and a vacuum dryer from AVA, which joined the BHS Group in 2018. Once the shredding tools have reduced the feed material to the desired target size, the parts fall through appropriately designed grid segments. The shredded batteries are heated in batches in a vacuum dryer from AVA located directly downstream to evaporate the electrolyte components for subsequent recovery in a condensation unit. The electrolyte-free residues are then subjected to dry mechanical processing consisting of various screening, separating and ball-shaping steps. The system size - which can be adjusted depending on customer requirements - ranges from 100kg to several tons. The process delivers the following three end products: high-grade aluminum concentrates, copper concentrates and black mass, which contains lithium and various other metals such as manganese, cobalt and nickel. All three fractions are ready for remarketing.

1:40 pm (CET)

Is recycling really the answer to accelerating the energy transition?
Milan Thakore
Wood Mackenzie
Once electric vehicles make up more than 10% of passenger vehicle sales, significant pressure on the battery raw materials supply chain emerges. Bringing on new mines and refineries will be challenging, especially given the lack of investment seen today. Added to this are the increased scrutiny surrounding ethical sourcing, deglobalisation and carbon emissions. EV battery recycling will undoubtedly play a pivotal role, but to what extent? Milan will examine the market outlook for key battery metals and look at how recycling will fit into the ecosystem.

2:05 pm (CET)

Next-generation LiB recycling: leveraging AI, robotics and Industry 4.0 for automated disassembly
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Present techniques for LiB recycling focus on comminution (shredding) as a preliminary step for passivation of cells, and providing access to materials inside the battery for recycling. However, this limits the range of options for subsequent recycling steps. Advanced recycling, where batteries are disassembled and materials segregated before further processing steps, could lead to enhanced value recovery from lithium-ion batteries, enabling improved hydrometallurgical processes and/or direct recycling of lithium-ion batteries where the value in the cathode morphology is preserved. This presentation evaluates the potential for leveraging robotics, automation and Industry 4.0 techniques to innovate battery recycling.

2:30 pm (CET)

Accelerating innovation in the circular economy of batteries
Roland Gauß
Senior Advisor for Raw Materials Substitution and Recycling
EIT Raw Materials
Securing access to sustainable raw materials and advanced materials is a prerequisite to master the mobility transition. A key to success is to accelerate innovation in the circular economy of batteries. EIT RawMaterials promotes innovation projects across the battery value chain, including the extraction of lithium as a by-product from geothermal electricity plants, dismantling and recycling of end-of-life batteries as well as big data solutions to monitor the life cycle of automotive batteries in real time. EIT RawMaterials also coordinates the newly formed European Raw Materials Alliance to identify regulatory bottlenecks and to promote breakthrough investment cases in the sector.

2:55 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Phillipe Celis
CEO
RENEOS SCE
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
Networking Session -
3:20 pm - 3:50 pm (CET)
 

3:50 pm (CET)

Recovering PGMs from secondary resources in EU using innovative low-cost and environmentally friendly technologies
Nader Akil
Senior Innovation and Managing Consultant
PNO Innovation (Brussels)
Platinum Group metals (PGMs) are classified by the European Commission since 2011 as Critical Raw Materials that are very essential for the European economy but are at high supply risk. PGMs are mainly used in autocatalysts to cut dangerous NOx and SOx emissions and are also used in a wide range of industrial applications for which there are often no substitutes. The PLATIRUS project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, has developed innovative cost effective, environmentally friendly and compact technologies to recover PGMs from secondary resources in the EU.

4:15 pm (CET)

The rise of the e-mobility sector and the challenges arising from increased waste lithium ion batteries as a result
Sinead McCabe
Global Key Account Manager
Landbell Group
E-mobility is increasing in demand with shared mobility platforms, enabling passengers to locate electric vehicles (e.g. e-scooters or e-bikes) using an app and simply leave them behind when their journey has ended. More e-mobility products are required to meet demand of an increasing number of users, however managing the take-back and recycling at their end of life is challenging, not only since they fall under Extended Producer Responsibility and other legislation, but with the added complication of them containing rechargeable batteries such as lithium-ion batteries which are a significant fire hazard if mistreated. Sinead's presentation will discuss the challenges surrounding the increased use of e-mobility worldwide, how to tackle and optimize end-of-life take-back and recycling of products containing rechargeable batteries and how producers of these products are meeting their Extended Producer Responsibilities.

4:40 pm (CET)

DeMoBat Project for the development of robot-assisted dismantling for EV batteries and motors
Dr Simon Glöser-Chahoud
Team Leader
Institute for Industrial Production (IIP) - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
In Germany, the DeMoBat collaborative project is developing a robot-assisted dismantling factory for traction batteries and electric motors for EVs. These processes would constitute an important element of a resource-efficient and sustainable circular economy for electromobility. The targeted disassembly of battery packs into individual modules and the subsequent recycling at cell level enables the cells to be used in a condition-specific manner - e.g. from reassembly to replacement batteries and use in second-life applications such as stationary energy storage to high-quality recycling of cell materials. The same applies to the electric motors, in which the rare earth permanent magnets and the copper coils are particularly valuable components. Dr Glöser-Chahoud will reveal the latest about the research project, which is funded by the German Ministry of the Environment (€13 million) together with numerous industrial partners from the automotive industry and the recycling sector on innovative solutions.

5:05 pm (CET)

Recycling lithium-ion batteries: the RecycLiCo processs
Zarko Meseldzija
Director & CTO
American Manganese Inc
American Manganese Inc is a critical metals company focused on the recycling of lithium-ion batteries with its patented, sustainable and closed-loop RecycLiCo process. The RecycLiCo process provides high extraction and purity potential of cathode materials, such as lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese with minimal processing steps. Zarko will explain how American Manganese Inc aims to commercialize its breakthrough RecycLiCo patented process and become an industry leader in recycling cathode material from lithium-ion battery manufacturing waste.

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