Conference Agenda

E-Waste Challenges & Opportunities

Day1: November 18, 2020

Opening Plenary & Keynote Sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 pm (CET)

Circular economy: if we really mean it…
Jim Puckett
Executive Director & Founder
Basel Action Network (BAN)
Environmental justice activist, Jim Puckett, will examine how many proponents of a circular economy have forgotten the basic prerequisites required to achieve it - namely: global equity, cost internalization, valuing natural capital, and design for circularity and transparency. In the time of a global pandemic where only the IT-related industries are benefitting financially, he challenges industry to step up and show they really mean to create a just and circular economy.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Future perspectives on global transboundary movement in e-waste
Dr Rolph Payet
Executive Secretary
Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions
With the advent of information technology and the Internet of Things, the increase in e-waste at the global level reached 50 million metric tons in 2018 and if nothing is done it is expected to reach 120 tons annually by 2050, with only about 20% making it to proper recycling facilities. Concomitantly, the export of e-waste, legal or illegally, to countries with little or no facilities for its recycling is leading to increased human exposure and the release of toxic chemicals into the environment. The presentation will focus on emerging issues and information with regards to transboundary movement of e-waste.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Recycling and material markets: functioning markets or a need for regulation?
Manfred Fahrner
Senior Adviser
European Electronics Recycling Association (EERA)
Recycling reduces our carbon footprint, preserves resources and reduces pollution. It is a common belief that scarce natural resources will increase costs for raw materials and will make recycling more viable. Recent events show that raw material markets are very volatile, often making it difficult for secondary materials to compete. The production of primary and secondary raw materials are independent and show different costs but do compete in the same markets. Many stakeholders call for measures to support the market chances of recycled products. Mandatory content of recycled material in new production seems an obvious and easy solution for recyclers and environmentalists, but is this realistic?
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Steven Clayton
Regulatory Affairs Manager
Samsung Electronics
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:10 am (CET)

Issues of greatest concern for the WEEE sector
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
In their attempt to turn the EPR principle into an effective electronic waste management policy approach, the producer responsibility organizations in the WEEE Forum – and the WEEE sector in general – are grappling with various challenges. For example, most WEEE is not officially collected and is treated irresponsibly, and therefore the collection targets are unreachable. The EU is preparing guidelines around eco-modulation of fees, yet we need to understand how to harmonize the rules. And the EU is exploring ways in which the WEEE treatment standards can be made legally binding. Pascal will walk this year's online audience through those challenges.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
John Shegerian
Co-founder & Executive Chairman
ERI
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: The elephants in the (WEEE) room
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
An industry ripe for disruptive technologies
1:30 pm - 5:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

International shipment of used and waste electronics: navigating the legal jungle
Katharina Kummer Peiry
Owner & Principal
Kummer EcoConsult
In today’s globalized market, managing materials and wastes in accordance with the widely recognized concept of a circular economy often involves international shipments. To ensure sustainable management of the materials at every stage of the process, and also to avoid costly delays and sanctions, shipments of used and waste electronics must be carried out in accordance with the applicable laws of the countries involved. Given the complexities and inconsistencies of the laws of the majority of countries, this can be an arduous task. Katharina's presentation will discuss the challenges and ways to address them.

1:40 pm (CET)

Selective disassembly of composites: the potential of continuous shock wave technology
Stefan Eisert
CEO
ImpulsTec
The innovative shock wave fragmentation technology of ImpulsTec generates shock waves in water that enables material selective disassembly of composites. Over the past two years, ImpulsTec has improved the technology and achieved some continuous shock wave systems for industrial applications, such as mobile phones, metalized plastics, batteries and semiconductor materials. The material selective fragmentation process enables the separation between different valuable materials and hence lead to higher added value for the customers. Stefan will present several examples that underline the high potential and the application fields of this selective fragmentation technology.

2:05 pm (CET)

End-of-life management and energy efficiency: are they two sides of the same coin?
Luca Campadello
Project & Research Manager
ECODOM
A circular economy for e-waste touches upon many aspects, from manufacturing to end-of-life management. Luca will present two different approaches at the E-Waste World Virtual Summit, one for end-of-life management and another for bringing together different actors within the value chain. For recycling, the H2020 project, NONTOX, focuses on increasing plastic recycling rates, from the treatment of WEEE, end-of-life vehicle (ELV) and construction and demolition waste (CDW) plastics, by removing hazardous substances using the following technologies: CreaSolv, EXTRUCLEAN, PYROLISIS. For the eco-design side, the H2020 project, BELT, will be presented which involves the upper actors of the value chain, from producers to retailers and consumers. It is a project that will guide producers to the innovation on energy efficiency allowed by the future re-scaled energy label.

2:30 pm (CET)

Introducing human-robot collaboration in WEEE recycling: the HR-Recycler project
Apostolos Axenopoulos
Postdoctoral Researcher
Information Technologies Institute/ Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH/ITI)
HR-Recycler will develop a 'hybrid human-robot recycling plant for electrical and electronic equipment' operating in an indoor environment, aiming to replace multiple currently manual, expensive, hazardous and time-consuming tasks of WEEE materials pre-processing with correspondingly automatic robotic-based procedures (categorization of devices, disassembling, sorting of device components). The overall goal of HR-Recycler is to create a hybrid collaboration environment, where humans and robots will harmoniously share and undertake different processing and manipulation tasks. In this presentation, the objectives of HR-Recycler project and the use cases in WEEE recycling industry will be described, while its technological solutions and expected outcomes will be demonstrated.

2:55 pm (CET)

Go green go safe, with the digital progress of e-waste recycling
Alexander Süßmilch
Managing Shareholder
CIRECON
Looking at today’s production of electronic devices and the resulting e-waste, we see a lack of traceability for ‘end-of-life’ units. The CIRECON approach is to connect suppliers and recyclers within the electronics industry, offering them an online solution for tracking e-waste streams by improved data management along the entire supply chain life-cycle. A digital portal enables all life-cycle participating stakeholders to capture relevant recycling actions to gather all relevant data for the optimization of production methods but as well for any recycling solutions, with the target to extend the lifetime of electronic products and their components – and finally ensuring all personal data is ‘safe’ after end of life.

3:20 pm (CET)

Sustainable metal extraction in the circular economy: RAIN BioXtractor
Dr Martin Langer
Executive Vice President, Business Unit Head Industrial BioSolutions
B.R.A.I.N.
Presentation title to be confirmed

3:45 pm (CET)

Circular strategies for photovoltaics: the challenges of recycling
Claire Agraffeil
Project Manager
CEA/INES (Institut National de l'Energie Solaire)
Solar energy has experienced constant and significant growth since the 1990s. Looking at the challenge in the coming decades in terms of climate change, photovoltaic (PV) energy represents one of the first and best alternatives to reach the carbon-neutral paradigm. While the PV industry expands continuously, the question of waste management is becoming more and more important. Indeed, the cumulative volumes of PV waste expected by 2050 has been already estimated in 2016 at 60 to 78 million tons around the world, which is equivalent to 630GW – the current total capacity worldwide. Given this balance and the annual installation capacity (about 130GW in 2019), it is safe to assume that the projection of waste expected by 2050 might have been underestimated considering both the 25-30-year lifetime and early dysfunction of PV modules. Moreover, the very low cost €0.19-0.29/Wp (watt peak) and the huge potential of growth expected to meet the climate targets will accelerate the deployment of solar electricity and hence the resultant waste in the future. In addition to being a logistic priority to manage such huge volume of waste, the environmental issue needs to be carefully evaluated together with the economic perspectives. It is absolutely crucial in the circular economy era to take the whole life-cycle of PV products into account and the risks associated with the end-of-life scenarios as landfilling and down cycling current practices. Among other impacts, release of hazardous materials as well as huge resources, depletion of critical and precious raw materials are of great importance in the balance sheet. Claire’s presentation will give an overview of the recycling alternatives regarding crystalline silicon PV modules (~94% of the market). By using a systemic approach, technical, economic, environmental and social issues will be appraised to highlight the challenges of PV recycling. The second objective is to make a review of the environmental performance assessment related to the end-of-life of PV modules. Even though PV devices provide green generation of electricity during its 25-30-year lifespan, the manufacturing and end-of-life stages has to be implemented strategically in order to come to sustainable products. The manufacturing step has been largely studied through Life Cycle Analysis whereas the environmental assessment of the end-of-life remains a topic that requires further investigation. Her analysis will point out the critical issues of the early LCA outcomes regarding the end-of-life of PV modules. Drawing from a global approach, this presentation intends to underline the difficulties of PV waste management and provide incentives to focus on the necessary effort to make progress in this field.

4:10 pm (CET)

Metal recycling from end-of-use batteries promoted by CO2 capture: boosting the circular economy with a disruptive approach
Professor Julien Leclaire
Group Leader, Applied Supramolecular Chemistry Lab
University of Lyon
To reach the market, eco-efficient technologies frequently require changes of paradigm and conceptually disruptive approaches. Research in the facilities at the University of Lyon has demonstrated that combining two fluxes of waste material, namely flue gases and metal leachates from end-of-use batteries, can result in spontaneous self-sorting process wherein both CO2 and strategic metals are being extracted and purified. This low-cost, efficient, selective and flexible technology is now being applied to various typologies of NiMH and Li-ion batteries within the University of Lyon's freshly founded MeCaWaRe corporation.

4:35 pm (CET)

Mint Biorefinery: a local solution for the global PCB challenge
Dr Will Barker
Founder & CEO
Mint Innovation
Mint Innovation has developed the world's first biorefinery for recovering valuable metals including gold, palladium, copper and tin from circuit boards. Mint's low-cost, high-efficiency approach enables domestic value capture, mitigating the reliance on international smelters and transboundary shipment of hazardous materials. The low-carbon approach returns all these valuable metals back into the local economy, providing a true circular solution for one of the most challenging waste streams. Mint's biorefinery solution is ready for deployment in a city near you.

5:00 pm (CET)

The quest for a better recycling yield
Heinz Böni
Head of Research Group CARE (Critical Materials and Resource Efficiency)
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
Lorena Toledo Reyes
Scientist within the Critical Materials and Resource Efficiency (CARE) Group
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
The widely accepted indicator in determining e-waste treatment performance regarding material circularity is the recycling rate. However, it has several shortcomings, particular when addressing the recovery of scarce technology metals (STM). In this presentation, Heinz and Lorena will present latest results in a series of experiments which should lead to a better monitoring of the STM yield in a fleet of Swiss e-waste treatment facilities.

5:25 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Combating the global e-waste crisis with re-use done right
Corey Dehmey
Executive Director
SERI - Sustainable Electronics Recycling International
Kyle Wiens
CEO & Co-founder
iFixit
Julie-Ann Adams
Managing Director
Really Green Credentials
Martin Series
Director Sourcing
Global Resale

Day2: November 19, 2020

International perspectives on WEEE management
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

WEEE solutions for a developing continent and region
Stuart Fleming
Co-Founder/Group CEO/Board Member
EnviroServe Group/Enviroserve Recycling
Africa and the Middle East have for some time been considered a WEEE conundrum when it comes to the basics of business – logistics and sustainability. Enviroserve has found a unique and dynamic solution, balancing growth, profit and solutions to WEEE with social, charitable, sustainable and growth requirements. But what more can the globe do to accelerate this, support it and ensure longevity to the solutions? From dismantling to high-tech ITAD solutions, multi-country collections and cross border movements, ESAfrica has been a tremendous project that is developing and growing in strength, resource and interest. But what is missing? What needs to be co-created? The E-Way, created by Enviroserve is a proven solution.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Josef Tapper
CEO
Recipo
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:50 am (CET)

To e-waste or not to e-waste
Malcolm Whitehouse
General Manager
AST Recycling
The level of e-waste recycling in South Africa is extremely low, with 6-7kg per year of e-waste generated for every South African citizen and 360,000 tons per annum of e-waste placed on the market. Only 7-12% of this volume is being recycled formally. South African industry has been tasked with ensuring a just and green transition to an environmentally clean future. Malcolm Whitehouse, the general manager and compliance officer at AST Recycling, will discuss the legislative framework of electronic recycling, enterprise development and job creation, and share circular economy transition experiences in South Africa.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

E-waste recycling in the USA and Canada: differences in product scope and challenges for manufacturer compliance to Extended Producer Responsibility regulations
Howard Stimpson
Director of Operations
Sphera EC4P
This presentation will give an overview of US and Canada e-waste regulations plus state/provincial e-waste recycling product scope and provide detailed case studies of US state and Canadian provincial e-waste regulations, including New York and New Jersey, plus Alberta, Ontario and Yukon. New developments to the USA and Canada e-waste regulations will be included. The presentation will also discuss some of the main challenges faced by manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment for compliance to US, Canada plus other global e-waste regulations.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Adrian Clews
Managing Director
Hinckley Associates Nigeria
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:35 am (CET)

Plastic sorting solution for Japan
Jelle Saint-Germain
Sales Engineer
AD REM
In 2018, Japan exported more than a million tons of plastics to Asia. The plastics that remained in the country were mainly incinerated or landfilled. Meanwhile, China and other South-East Asian countries are increasingly limiting their plastic waste imports, and an amendment to the Basel Convention will likely further restrict all international movement of plastic waste by 2021. As a result, the Japanese government has started a campaign to promote the reduction, re-use and recycling of plastics. KK Planic, a recently established joint venture between Toyota Tsusho, Veolia Japan and Kojima Sanyo, has jumped on the bandwagon and will establish the largest plastic recycling facility in Japan. In this plant, the shredded plastics are separated in different fractions based on their density using the Ad Rem flotation system. Using electrostatic separation and Galloo Plastics technology further downstream, all recyclable plastics are separated in clean fractions and eventually compounded and pelletized. The new facility will process about 40,000 metric tons a year of plastic material coming from various sources such as automobiles, home appliances, palettes and containers and packaging materials from distribution centers and shopping centers. By combining different technologies and processes, the plant will be the first of its kind, tackling the complete plastic recycling chain from A to Z.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: StEP Initiative - Solving The E-Waste Problem
Elisabeth Smith
Executive Director
StEP Initiative - Solving The E-Waste Problem
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Technology innovations to convert e-waste into reusable materials
1:30 pm - 4:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Sylvie Thomas
EMEA Head of CSR & Environmental Affairs
Lexmark
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

1:40 pm (CET)

Co-working spaces for inclusive e-waste management
Dea Andrea Wehrli
Research Associate and Co-Founder of E[co]work - A Social Impact Startup
Empa - The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
E[co]work is a novel concept based on the co-working concept of shared infrastructure that addresses the issue of integrating the informal sector into formal take-back and recycling systems. Envisioned as a self-sustaining business model, the E[co]work facility is a compliant e-waste facility that rents its infrastructure to informal micro-entrepreneurs, giving them access to a formal workspace with proper equipment and tools, without requiring extensive capital investment upfront. The participatory design process for its implementation in Delhi, India, shows that the concept has merits for micro-entrepreneurs and compliance with regulations and has further crystallized key challenges for the adoption of the concept.

2:05 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Marco Guolo
Chief Technology Officer
OSAI Automation Systems
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

2:30 pm (CET)

ALR4000: EU project to tackle LCD recycling and market challenges
Dr Lisa Maria T. O'Donoghue
Founder & CEO
Votechnik
The ALR4000 is a European Union project delivering a fourth-generation patented technology to automatically recycle LCDs and address the requirements of the EU market. While LCD volumes continue to grow, their emergence at recycling facilities has been distributed via large-scale and small-scale recyclers, resulting in a two-tier structure in the market. Innovative business models as well as innovative technologies are required to address these needs. Lisa's presentation will focus on how the ALR4000 project is doing this for the EU LCD recycling sector.

2:55 pm (CET)

Enabling a world without waste using AI and robotics
Matanya Horowitz
CEO
AMP Robotics
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:20 pm (CET)

The development of new ways to recycle electronics using bacteria
Professor Sebastien Farnaud
Associate Professor, Faculty Research Centre for Sport, Exercise & Life Sciences
Coventry University
Bioleaching is a natural process that has been used in the mining industry for years to extract metals from ores, however this is the first industrial application to solving the e-waste problem. More than 50 million tons of e-waste is generated each year. Current recycling methods for electronics can be harmful to the environment and human health. Dismantled circuit boards are often exported to countries, predominantly in Asia, where the metals are recovered mainly through incineration. As well as poisoning the water supply and food chain, the workers carrying out the process are exposed to toxic components and fumes. Using bioleaching technology is a natural, economical and safe alternative, which can address major environmental and economic issues. N2S, one of the UK’s market leaders in IT life-cycle services, has partnered with Coventry University through the Knowledge Transfer Partnership programme, funded by InnovateUK. N2S are using the expertise of Associate Professor Farnaud and Professor Derek Renshaw from the Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences (CSELS) to develop the technique into real industry practice. Bioleaching as a sustainable solution for recycling e-waste was also supported and presented as a major alternative for IT recycling at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs’ (DEFRA) conference ‘Helping Businesses Achieve Sustainable Outcomes’.

3:45 pm (CET)

Efficient WEEE recycling: the BlueMetal process
Dr Rolf Degel
Vice President, Non-Ferrous Metals and SAF
SMS Group
Today, more than 45 million tons of waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) are generated worldwide with the tendency to increase over the next years. With its valuable metal and especially precious metal content, it is no surprise that this 'waste stream' is a valuable raw material source. So professional recycling is not only an ecological advantage, but offers economic incentives. SMS group offers various tailor-made solutions from pre-treatment over the smelting and refining up to final high-grade products for an efficient recovery of these valuable metals. This holistic recycling approach, where up to 98 percent of these metals can be completely recovered and converted to pure high-grade metal products trades under the name 'BlueMetal process'. The key component of the recycling plant is the BlueSmelter, which is based on bath smelting technology. Through an innovative gas injection combined with an intelligent process design, the BlueSmelter permits the smelting and recycling even of low-grade materials with high organic shares. This advanced bath smelting technology is in comparison to existing bath smelters more flexible in terms of acceptable feed mix and operability and is financially attractive due to its compact design. Due to the potential low-grade of the materials to be smelted, gas treatment becomes a very important aspect for such a plant. Advanced gas cleaning solutions make sure the exhaust air will not contain any environmentally harmful substances such as mercury, bromine, fluorine or chlorine. The product of the BlueSmelter is a valuable metals rich so-called 'black-copper' which either can be sold to the market or further treated in the BlueMetals plant. The BlueMetal's plant refines the black copper to raw copper in a first step generating a lead and tin rich slag. The raw copper is subsequently either casted, granulated or atomized depending on the following process route. No matter which route is chosen, the final products are always high-grade metals that are sold to the market. Currently SMS installs a WEEE recycling plant applying a TBRC as a primary smelter near Moscow, which will process about 6,000 tons of printed circuit boards a year to LME/LBMA grade metals, such as copper, nickel, gold, silver and platinum.

4:10 pm (CET)

Smart sorting: artificial intelligence as a tool for e-waste recycling
Dr Katrin Bokelmann
Head of department Urban Mining
Fraunhofer IWKS
To close material cycles and respond to the challenges of new types of fragmentation technologies, the development of adapted sorting processes is necessary. Intelligent solutions are required to meet the increasingly complex and heterogeneous material flows. Fraunhofer IWKS has developed a highly flexible sorting process based on a modular sorting plant, which allows any variation regarding sequence, skipping and repetition of individual process steps. Concentrating valuable materials in certain fractions and removing pollutants are among the most important objectives of sorting. Finding the right adjustments for sorting requires the variation of countless parameters. The use of multiple sensors increases the effort for fine-tuning immensely, as it is often uncertain which parameters interact with each other and where to find a process window that is optimal for a specific case. This is where artificial intelligence can be used to accelerate complex experimentation processes. Through machine learning it should be possible to 'train' the sensors for a specific target fraction and to find correlations that remain hidden to the human observer. The aim is to achieve an efficient and robust sorting process in order to be able to react flexibly to different input materials. A systematic and continuous collection of all operational data enables a detailed evaluation of the processes from a scientific as well as an economic point of view. Opportunities and challenges of this approach will be discussed by Dr Bokelmann with e-waste as an example.

4:35 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Duane Nelson
CEO & President
EnviroLeach Technologies
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

Green & Sustainable Electronics

Day1: November 18, 2020

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:15 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Circular economy research implications for EU Ecodesign Policy influencing the recyclability of electronic products
Ceri Fenwick
EngD Researcher, Centre for Environment & Sustainability/Environmental Research Engineer
University of Surrey/Sony Interactive Entertainment Europe
Ceri's presentation will focus on the challenges faced to ensure that regulations implemented under the EU’s Circular Economy Action Plan deliver on their environmental aims. For the electronics sector, product-specific regulations are being applied through the Ecodesign Directive to mandate material efficiency legislation that is appropriate and effective. This includes Design for Recycling options that target priority materials such as plastics and CRMs. Ceri will therefore present initial findings from two research projects and discuss the subsequent implications for current and near future Ecodesign policy and legislation influencing the recyclability of electronic products in Europe. The research projects include a case study investigation of e-waste plastics, including understanding the challenges and opportunities to increase recycling of e-wate plastics through product design. A further project involves the analysis of critical raw materials in electronics, which revolves around understanding the challenges involved in declaring CRM content in electronics, through an applied example of laboratory analysis and supplier available information.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Mulan Mu
Sustainability & Supply Chain Continuity Manager
Fitbit
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:50 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Anders Andrae
Senior Expert Life Cycle Assessment
Huawei Technologies
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The importance of responsible re-use in a circular economy
Corey Dehmey
Executive Director
SERI - Sustainable Electronics Recycling International
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:10 am (CET)

Fast Tracks: a requirement for a circular economy of electronic waste
Chris Slijkhuis
Board Member
European Electronics Recyclers Association (EERA)
In the European Union, the principle for the free movement of goods involves the removal of all trade barriers between the member states, once a product or article is lawfully placed on the market. This principle does not count for recyclable wastes. The Waste Shipment Regulation restricts the cross-border traffic of wastes and an ever-increasing amount of wastes types need notifications. This is a hugely complex administrative procedure, which involves much time and money. For recycling companies, this is a competitive disadvantage compared to the producers of primary raw materials which can move freely within Europe. This presentation outlines the concept of “Fast-Track Notifications” facilitating recyclable wastes to move more easily between compliant recycling companies within the EU. The Circular Economy plan for the EU simply shouts for simplifications in these waste shipment rules for recyclable WEEE fractions.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Sustainable solutions for electronics, photonics and diagnostics
Liisa Hakola
Senior Scientist
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Electronics, photonics and diagnostics made of sustainable materials can offer a potentially cost-effective alternate in various applications and meet the needs to use renewable materials. Sustainability can be addressed from different perspectives: 1.) By utilizing materials originating from renewable resources; 2.) By utilizing compostable or bio-degradable materials; 3.) By effectively reusing/recycling materials, components and products (circular economy); 4.) By designing products tailored for circular economy (eco-design, circular design); and/or 5.) By using energy- and material-efficient manufacturing processes, such as roll-to-roll compatible printing technologies.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Not repeating the mistakes of the past: the demand for sustainable solar energy technology
Nancy Gillis
CEO
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Alexander Klonick
Manager, Education & Engagement
Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA)
Andreas Wade
Global Sustainability Director
First Solar
Max Scher
Head of Clean Energy & Carbon Programs
Salesforce
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Green & Sustainable Electronics II
1:30 pm - 5:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Boris Manev
Head of Corporate Sustainability and Government Affairs
Epson Europe
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

1:40 pm (CET)

Sustainable hardware: a vital foundation for renewable energy projects
Patty Dillon
Senior Director - Criteria & Category Development
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Access to energy has provided tremendous societal benefits but at a price; the 1,000-year-long half-life of spent nuclear fuel to the climate change impacts of fossil fuels. Renewable energy, especially solar, seeks to provide energy without that same environmental cost. But what is the environmental impact of solar panels and inverters? The Green Electronics Council (GEC), a mission-driven non-profit that envisions a world of only sustainable technology, has launched a PV Modules and Inverters product category under its ecolabel EPEAT. Learn about the EPEAT criteria and the environmental impacts they address. Understand the role of Salesforce and the Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA) in utilizing EPEAT.

2:05 pm (CET)

Implementation of circular economy for electronics: a product design perspective
Rainer Pamminger
Senior Researcher
Vienna University of Technology
Circular economy (CE) is a concept aiming to maintain the value of products, materials and resources in the economy for as long as possible and generating waste is minimized. To realize CE, there is a need for circular designed products as well a new business models, which enable the circularity. This presentation will introduce circular design and business model strategies e.g. longevity, modularity, pay per use, etc, and highlights related best-practice examples on the market. For practical implementation, a method to select the relevant circular strategies for a specific product and further methods to develop circular products are demonstrated.

2:30 pm (CET)

Nanoclay reinforced nanocellulose: a wood-based substrate for recyclable and rollable electronics
Alireza Dolatshahi-Pirouz
Group Leader/Associate Professor - Department of Health Technology
Technical University of Denmark
E-waste generation has become a major concern in the modern society. Major components of traditional electronics are composed of non-biodegradable inorganic materials such as ceramics and various metals. On the other hand, modern electronics are gradually shifting to flexible, lightweight and even stretchable materials, which in turn can help get rid of the traditional rigid substrates and minimize the use of metals in the electronic devices. Various polymeric substrates have been introduced into the electronic industries such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), and polyimide (PI) – they are all suitable for a broad range of applications ranging from energy, transistors to biomedical devices. However, the waste generation from these flexible electronics remains a major concern due to the use of non-biodegradable and toxic synthetic polymers. Therefore, there is a great deal of research and development to develop biodegradable electronics to ensure the waste generated from the electronics will be non-toxic and environmentally safe. Naturally derived polymers are a good substrates for green electronics application due to their intrinsic enzymatic degradability. However, their poor mechanical and thermal barrier properties are a major obstacle in this regard. To this end, a lightweight, flexible and even rollable substrate has been developed using environment friendly nanoclay and nanocellulose materials for rollable electronics (rotronics) applications. Nanocellulose is a wood-based materials and has been explored as bioderived and biodegradable materials. In this presentation, Professor Dolatshahi-Pirouz will demonstrate that the nanoclay with nanocellulose can yield flexible, strong, transparent, thermally stable, and low cost paper for rotronics applications. Moreover, the materials are inexpensive and easy to process; therefore the manufacturing process of the nanocomposite paper makes them more industrially viable.

2:55 pm (CET)

Securing the rare earth permanent magnet supply chain in Europe
Ana Maria Martinez
Senior Research Scientist
SINTEF
Rare earth elements (REE) are instrumental in the full deployment of green-technologies towards decarbonization. Currently, it is forecasted an increasing demand of REE in Europe, mainly for NdFeB-permanent magnets used in highly effective motors for electric vehicles and wind turbine generators. Utilizing permanent magnets from discarded products and appliances as supply material in permanent magnet manufacturing allows a complete closed-loop permanent magnet recycling process, namely from wastes to new products. The development of cost-effective and environmentally friendly REE-extraction technologies opens-up the possibility of securing an important value chain in Europe, giving a promising market opportunity for a recycling business.

3:20 pm (CET)

Organic semiconductors of the future
Dr Ankur Sharma
Lecturer/International Education Partnership Coordinator
ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science
Ankur will speak about his research into a new class of organic semiconductors that have applications in building electronic devices of the future. His aim is to fight e-waste by building a new class of semiconductors which are biodegradable and can be recycled completely. His research has been published in high-impact peer-reviewed journals and aims to fight growing concerns around e-waste due to high consumption of electronic devices.

3:45 pm (CET)

WEEE plastics recycling
Richard McKinlay
Head of Consulting
Axion
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:10 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Karolina Brabcova
Toxics & Plastics Adviser
Arnika/IPEN
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:35 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Yoan Lavergne
Marketing Director
Lavergne
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

5:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Systematic and cultural barriers to electronics re-use
Jan Hoogstrate
Executive Director
Free ICT Europe Foundation
Kilian Kaminski
Co-Founder & CEO
refurbed
Sebastian Daus
Co-Founder & CEO
FixFirst
Arjen Workum
Network Consultant
Aliter Networks

Day2: November 19, 2020

Green & Sustainable Electronics
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

E-waste Down Under: reforms and action in Australia
Professor John Gertsakis
Adjunct Professor/Director and Co-founder
The Institute for Sustainable Futures/EWaste Watch
Rose Read
Director & Co-founder
eWaste Watch
This presentation will provide a forthright update on the state of play of e-waste management in Australia. It will highlight recent policy and regulatory reforms as well as commentary on industry performance, consumer expectations and new Commonwealth Recycling and Waste Reduction legislation that is seeking to encourage increased producer responsibility for electrical and electronic products, including solar panels and batteries.
 

9:25 am (CET)

100% plastic-free solution for packaging PCBs in wearable technology
Fanya Ismail
CEO
SGMA (Sol-Gel Coatings & Advanced Materials Ltd)
Plastic pollution and climate change are the hot topics and major challenges the world is currently facing. Sustainable solutions are urgently needed by the market. SGMA is a clean-tech venture with a sustainable solution to provide an alternative to plastic and a route to create effective non fossil-fuel based chemicals. Plastic waste in food packaging and protecting PCBs in wearable technology is current focus areas of SGMA. SGMA technology is made from sand extracts. SGMA barrier coating for Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) provides a non-toxic and environmentally friendly solution to replace plastic in protecting and packaging PCBs in wearable technology. Meanwhile increasing the efficiency and doubling the lifetime of the wearable items through an extended number of washing cycles.
 

9:50 am (CET)

From zero carbon supply chains to circular electronics: steps to more sustainability
Dr Constantin Herrmann
Principal Consultant & Team Lead Metals, Manufacturing & Electronics
thinkstep/Sphera
Sustainability is a long term task for industry and always a challenge that is so far supposed to be demanding, costly and needs continuous care and efforts – just to have good marketing and reputation in place. Recent developments in society, politics and industry turn the page into a true business case. Zero carbon supply chains and zero carbon scope is a key question for future stable business. This presentation from Dr Herrmann will demonstrate approaches to satisfy OEMs seeking carbon-neutral products in a zero carbon Europe, will detect links on topics in the broad field of sustainability and will explain why circular economy is key aspect for CO2 neutral electronics.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

No time to e-waste: the critical role for a circular economic in enterprise technology
Alexander Holst
Managing Director
Accenture Strategy
Laura Rheinbay
Strategy Consultant - Strategy & Sustainability
Accenture Strategy
Information technology has advanced exponentially in the past decade, changing the way people interact and how businesses around the world operate. Accompanying that progress, however, is a growing environmental nightmare: the 50 million tons of e-waste created every year, dubbed a 'tsunami of e-waste' by the United Nations. This 'waste' stream is valued at more than US$60 billion — which exceeds the GDP of most countries. With an emphasis currently largely on recycling, the true issue is not addressed - premature end of life of products. Circular business models and design options offer solutions that help business to transform their portfolio enhancing their sustainability performance and creating competitive advantage.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Marjolein Groeneweg
Senior Marketing Communications Leader Performance Plastics
Trinseo
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:35 am (CET)

Supporting a closed-loop economy, by maximizing recycling and recovery of materials and by minimizing waste and reducing the environmental footprint
Arthur Schwesig
Head of Research & Development
Bage Plastics
bage plastics has mastered the complex process of repurposing plastics from diverse sources of e-waste for the circular economy. As Arthur will reveal in his presentation, during 2020 the Austroa-based recycling specialist reinvented plastics upcycling and at E-Waste World Virtual Summit is presenting its new portfolio to help producers get to the circular forefront with their future electronics product iterations. A brand-new UL yellow-card listed ABS with top performance for electronic appliances will be discussed, as will an enhanced recycled PP for high-end articles with true color stability, an outstanding PC/ABS with brilliant surface, and a highly efficient HIPS for white and colorful goods.
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Green & Sustainable Electronics
1:30 pm - 4:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Implementing the waste hierarchy thanks to the re-use of e-waste by social enterprises
Mathieu Rama
Senior Policy Officer - Environment
RREUSE
Mathieu Rama will showcase the role of re-use social enterprises in implementing the waste hierarchy via prioritising re-use and preparing for re-use over recycling when dealing with e-waste. He will then demonstrate how EU policies can enhance this sector, notably through encouraging cooperation between all actors of the value chain, bettering the design of e-products and improving e-waste collection models to safeguard re-usability.

1:40 pm (CET)

The psychology of reused e-waste
Cris Stephenson
CEO
Environcom
As the largest UK white goods re-use business. Envirocom has access to some interesting data and conclusions on the why, how and where re-use appliances are sold. E-waste re-use needs to mature and expand out of the cottage business it is and become a mainstay of our retail landscape and more importantly of our psychological purchasing DNA.

2:05 pm (CET)

Designing electronics for the circular economy: let's rethink our brake to e-waste generation
Kévin Le Blevennec
Circular Economy Researcher
VITO
Designing sustainable products and addressing issues posed by key value chains such as electronics is higher than ever on the EU political agenda. Recent VITO research results on the quality of collected WEEE, the design of solar modules for circularity, or again the role of digital technologies for enhancing waste management, can only reinforce this need to integrate holistic approaches connecting different product life-cycle stages and stakeholders at an early design and development phases. While electronics will keep penetrating new market opportunities and niches for enabling the digital transformation, we urgently need to rethink and propose new methodological approaches for efficiently organising the integration of ecodesign approaches.

2:30 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Jan Hoogstrate
Executive Director
Free ICT Europe Foundation
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

2:55 pm (CET)

Developing a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) model with the Government of Georgia: insights and lessons learned
Morton Hemkhaus
Project Manager
adelphi research gemeinnützige
The Government of Georgia has introduced an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) system for e-waste in order to increase the collection and recycling rate and reduce the proportion of landfilled materials. It obliges producers to bear the responsibility for the proper handling and disposal of their products and is mandatory since December 2019 under the Waste Management Act. On behalf of UNDP and the NGO Georgia's Environmental Outlook, adelphi supported the government of Georgia in developing a model for a Producer Responsibility Organisation (PRO) serving as a compliance service provider to Georgian producers. Morton's presentation will summarize the key insights and the lessons learned.

3:20 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Kyle Wiens
CEO & Co-founder
iFixit
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:45 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Reinhardt Smit
Director - Supply Chains
Closing The Loop
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:10 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Astrid Lebrun-Frisdal
Responable ESS
Eco-systémes
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:35 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Development and demonstration of WEEE prevention and reuse paradigms
Mathieu Rama
Senior Policy Officer - Environment
RREUSE
Carsten Waldeck
CEO & Founder
Shift Phones
Rod McDaniel
CEO
S3 Recycling Solutions
Jelle Slenters
EU ITAD Head of Business Development
Sims Lifecycle Services

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 18, 2020

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Hanna Persson
HV Battery Program & Strategy Manager
Volvo Cars
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:25 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Emma Nehrenheim
Chief Environmental Officer
Northvolt
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:50 am (CET)

Mastering the evolution of battery revolution
Jaakko Savolainen
Commercial Director
Fortum Battery Solutions
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Recovery of cobalt from secondary sources
Karen Sende Osen
Senior Research Scientist
SINTEF
Cobalt is used in many applications that support the shift to a low-carbon economy. It is an element essential for battery applications, and driven by the market for electric vehicles, the demand for Cobalt is rising. The CROCODILE project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, aims to drastically reduce the supply risk of cobalt for the European industries by increasing the efficiency of recovery and extraction processes for cobalt, both from primary and secondary sources. CROCODILE strives to achieve this with lower energy costs and environmental impacts.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

11:35 am (CET)

Keynote presentation title to be confirmed
Dr Christian Hagelüken
Director EU Government Affairs
Umicore AG & Co KG
Keynote presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Topic and further speakers to be confirmed
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
 
Networking Session -
12:25 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Beyond the EVent horizon: battery waste, recycling and sustainability in the electric vehicle transition
1:30 pm - 5:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Asad Farid
Associate Director - Batteries & ESG
Berenberg
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

1:40 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Ever Resource Ltd
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

2:05 pm (CET)

BatteryLoop: sustainable solution for second use of electric vehicle batteries
Rasmus Bergström
Executive Director Product Development & CEO
BatteryLoop/Stena Recycling Group
The BatteryLoop concept prolongs the useful life of electric vehicle batteries and provides a more sustainable solution both from a financial and an environmental point of view. Batteries that are no longer usable in vehicles may be used for energy storage. BatteryLoop Technologies was formed in 2017 by Stena Recycling. The combination of collection and recycling of vehicle batteries in Stena Recycling and the award-winning power electronics and energy storage solutions in Ferroamp provides unique opportunities to use batteries in a second life. As Rasmus will explain in his presentation, the second use of the electric vehicle batteries BatteryLoop will secure a take-back system of these batteries including a sustainable recycling handled by Stena Recycling.

2:30 pm (CET)

Pilot-Plant: a battery recycling solution in action
Benoit Couture
President & CEO
Lithion Recycling
Lithion Recycling has developed an efficient and disruptive hydrometallurgy-based process for recycling lithium-ion batteries. This new process allows up to 95% of the battery components to be safely recovered and treated so that they can be re-used in the battery supply chain. To develop a recycling solution that is sustainable and technically proven, a pilot-plant stage becomes crucial in order to answer efficiently the future and long-term needs of the industry. Benoit will share the first updates and results of Lithion Recycling's 200 mt/year pilot-plant designed to recycle lithium-ion batteries from packs and modules directly to the raw materials.

2:55 pm (CET)

Experience with prototype battery second-life systems on a megawatt scale
Dr Jürgen Kölch
Marketing/PR
EVA Fahrzeugtechnik
The use of used electric vehicle batteries is still a new topic. There are relatively few electric vehicles on the road and used vehicle batteries for a stationary application will only become available when their range and performance are no longer adequate for the customer. There is little experience in the construction and operation of these systems with corresponding standards and regulations. Jurgen's presentation will show two already realized battery plants on a megawatt scale and report the experience in planning and construction.

3:20 pm (CET)

The ReCell Center: working toward cost-effective battery recycling
Jeffrey Spangenberger
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center
The ReCell Center, the US Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office’s advanced battery recycling center, is working to improve the economics of lithium-ion battery recycling to enable widespread adoption of electric vehicles by helping to reduce the cost of battery materials. Jeff's presentation will provide an overview of the center, made up of several US national laboratories and universities, and its four focus areas. A technique called direct cathode recycling will be discussed along with progress of technologies aimed at recovering value from non-cathode components of the battery.

3:45 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Gary Griffiths
Director QESS
TES-AMM
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:10 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Speaker to be announced
CEO
Recupel
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

4:35 pm (CET)

Decarbonizing electric vehicles thanks to Zero Carbon Lithium production
Vincent Ledoux Pedailles
Vice President - Business Development
Vulcan Energy
Vulcan Energy Resources is aiming to become the world’s first Zero Carbon Lithium producer, by producing a battery-quality lithium hydroxide chemical product with net zero carbon footprint from its combined geothermal and lithium resource, which is Europe’s largest lithium resource, in the Upper Rhine Valley of Germany. In doing so, it will fix lithium’s current problems for the EU market: a very high carbon and water footprint of production, and total reliance on imports, mostly from China. Vulcan aims to supply the lithium-ion battery and electric vehicle market in Europe, which is the fastest growing in the world. Vulcan can satisfy the region’s needs for the electric vehicle transition, from a zero-carbon source, for many years to come.

5:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Breathing new life into old electric vehicle batteries: the second coming
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage

Day2: November 19, 2020

Recycling, recovery, re-use and life-cycle management
9:00 am - 12:15 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Donna Vareha-Walsh
Director Sales Metals and Compounds, Procurement and Trade Compliance
Indium Corporation
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed
 

9:25 am (CET)

Hydromechanical recycling process for Li-Ion-batteries
Dr Jörg Zimmermann
Materials Scientist
Fraunhofer IWKS
Li-ion battery recycling is currently dominated by two different basic routes, pyrometallurgical and mechanical. An alternative route will be presented by Dr Zimmermann, based on a hydro-mechanical process providing safety advantages and robustness of the pyrometallurgical process and the material selectivity of the mechanical separation. The process has broad application potential for various battery types due to its adaptability for different shapes and construction designs, especially for large battery systems coming from automotive sector. The process uses electrohydraulic fragmentation and several dismantling and sorting techniques based on water as medium or energy transmitter. Current state, challenges and opportunities of the hydro-mechanical Li-ion battery recycling process are presented.
 

9:50 am (CET)

BATCircle: circular ecosystem of battery metals
Pyry Hannula
BATCircle Project Manager/Postdoctoral Researcher
Aalto University School of Chemical Engineering
According to the European Union, the European battery market value is forecasted to reach €250 billion by 2025, while the majority of the current lithium ion battery value chain is based in Asia. Responsible sourcing and refining of raw materials, the production of active battery materials, and efficient recycling of end-of-life batteries are needed to meet the increasing demand for a sustainable battery materials value chain that supports ongoing energy and mobility transitions. Finland is an exceptional operating area in the booming battery metals business: a small country with rich reserves of battery materials including nickel, cobalt, lithium and graphite, several metallurgical operators, technological competence and infrastructure, and research center and university research groups recognized by the sector. The strength of the BATCircle project is to bring all the key players from the Finnish battery metals ecosystem together to find opportunities for improved competitiveness and new business in a circular economy.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Creating a local critical battery materials supply chain
Ajay Kochhar
President & CEO
Li-Cycle
How can the world reduce reliance on foreign sources? E-Waste World Virtual Summit delegates will have the answer after this webinar as this presentation will walk through approaches to create a local supply chain through recovering critical materials from lithium-ion batteries. Ajay's presentation will explore the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions, while addressing the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling and how Li-Cycle’s Hub-and-Spoke model is able to help overcome some of these industry challenges particularly in light of the recent pandemic. He will demonstrate the need for localizing the critical battery materials supply chain in new regions and explain the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Battery-as-a-Service: a circular economy approach to improve the economics of lithium-ion batteries
Dr Wolfgang Bernhart
Senior Partner | Automotive
Roland Berger
The market for lithium-ion batteries is increasing to more than 2,000GWh in 2030, with more than 95% of batteries used for transportation and stationary energy storage applications. Current cell costs are at levels of around €75/Wh. While prices for OEMs are significant lower than a few years ago, material costs of BEVs and PHEVs are still significant higher than of conventional cars. Since customers are not prepared to pay a price premium, OEM margins for BEVs are lower than for ICE cars. Strong competition also results in relatively low margins of cell manufacturers. New business models are needed. Examples from China will be presented by Wolfgang: to increase asset utilization, by re-using battery modules for remanufacturing of vehicle batteries or in stationary applications, and by connecting the vehicle-to-grid to use vehicle batteries as distributed energy storage. Connectivity of the battery also allows to increase cycle life, and reduce qualification costs for second life. Finally Cathode-to-cathode recycling processes maximize value end-of-life.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Traceability in the circular economy
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
Efficient re-use or recycling of end-of-first-life EV batteries requires scaled digital platforms to underpin the circular economy. Drawing on Circulor’s case studies, Doug's presentation will explore the evolving role of traceability to underpin efficient and responsible disposal and reuse of scarce raw materials.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: Tapping into blockchain to evolve the electric vehicle supply chain
Douglas Johnson-Poensgen
Founder & CEO
Circulor
 
Networking Session -
12:15 pm - 1:15 pm (CET)
 
The after life of lithium-ion batteries
1:15 pm - 4:30 pm (CET)

1:15 pm (CET)

Efficient and safe recycling of lithium-ion batteries
Christian Kühn
Sales Director | Recycling & Environmental Technology
BHS-Sonthofen
BHS-Sonthofen's Christian will present a new process for recycling lithium batteries and accumulators. In addition to process reliability, the focus is on ensuring the direct usability of the end products. The heart of the process is a shredder from BHS and a vacuum dryer from AVA, which joined the BHS Group in 2018. Once the shredding tools have reduced the feed material to the desired target size, the parts fall through appropriately designed grid segments. The shredded batteries are heated in batches in a vacuum dryer from AVA located directly downstream to evaporate the electrolyte components for subsequent recovery in a condensation unit. The electrolyte-free residues are then subjected to dry mechanical processing consisting of various screening, separating and ball-shaping steps. The system size - which can be adjusted depending on customer requirements - ranges from 100kg to several tons. The process delivers the following three end products: high-grade aluminum concentrates, copper concentrates and black mass, which contains lithium and various other metals such as manganese, cobalt and nickel. All three fractions are ready for remarketing.

1:40 pm (CET)

Is recycling really the answer to accelerating the energy transition?
Milan Thakore
Wood Mackenzie
Once electric vehicles make up more than 10% of passenger vehicle sales, significant pressure on the battery raw materials supply chain emerges. Bringing on new mines and refineries will be challenging, especially given the lack of investment seen today. Added to this are the increased scrutiny surrounding ethical sourcing, deglobalisation and carbon emissions. EV battery recycling will undoubtedly play a pivotal role, but to what extent? Milan will examine the market outlook for key battery metals and look at how recycling will fit into the ecosystem.

2:05 pm (CET)

Next-generation LiB recycling: leveraging AI, robotics and Industry 4.0 for automated disassembly
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Present techniques for LiB recycling focus on comminution (shredding) as a preliminary step for passivation of cells, and providing access to materials inside the battery for recycling. However, this limits the range of options for subsequent recycling steps. Advanced recycling, where batteries are disassembled and materials segregated before further processing steps, could lead to enhanced value recovery from lithium-ion batteries, enabling improved hydrometallurgical processes and/or direct recycling of lithium-ion batteries where the value in the cathode morphology is preserved. This presentation evaluates the potential for leveraging robotics, automation and Industry 4.0 techniques to innovate battery recycling.

2:30 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

2:55 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Roland Gauß
Senior Advisor for Raw Materials Substitution and Recycling
EIT Raw Materials
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:20 pm (CET)

Presentation title to be confirmed
Phillipe Celis
CEO
RENEOS SCE
Presentation synopsis to be confirmed

3:45 pm (CET)

Recovering PGMs from secondary resources in EU using innovative low-cost and environmentally friendly technologies
Nader Akil
Senior Innovation and Managing Consultant
PNO Innovation (Brussels)
Platinum Group metals (PGMs) are classified by the European Commission since 2011 as Critical Raw Materials that are very essential for the European economy but are at high supply risk. PGMs are mainly used in autocatalysts to cut dangerous NOx and SOx emissions and are also used in a wide range of industrial applications for which there are often no substitutes. The PLATIRUS project funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020, has developed innovative cost effective, environmentally friendly and compact technologies to recover PGMs from secondary resources in the EU.

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