2021 Conference Agenda

E-Waste Challenges & Opportunities

Green & Sustainable Electronics

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

E-Waste Challenges & Opportunities

Day1: November 30, 2021

Opening Plenary & Keynote Sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Latest insights on the global overview of e-waste statistics, management, legislation and outlook to 2050.
Kees Baldé
Senior Programme Officer at the Sustainable Cycles Programme
United Nations University
It’s often stated that electronic waste is a fast growing waste stream currently peaking at 53.7 Mt per annum and less than 20% is recycled. But what will happen to it in future if nothing substantial changes, or if we undergo a circular economy transition? How does the COVID pandemic impact? What are the regional challenges and opportunities? The presentation will touch upon the latest insights and facts of global e-waste flows, management, legislation and provide an outlook what’s needed to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goal targets for sustainable consumption and production for electronic waste. It will zoom into various regions, looks into the future, and discuss the economic opportunities and the boundary conditions to manage e-waste.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Future perspectives on global transboundary movement in e-waste
Dr Rolph Payet
Executive Secretary
Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions
With the advent of information technology and the Internet of Things, the increase in e-waste at the global level reached 50 million metric tons in 2018 and if nothing is done it is expected to reach 120 tons annually by 2050, with only about 20% making it to proper recycling facilities. Concomitantly, the export of e-waste, legal or illegally, to countries with little or no facilities for its recycling is leading to increased human exposure and the release of toxic chemicals into the environment. The presentation will focus on emerging issues and information with regards to transboundary movement of e-waste.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Circular contexts for e-waste
Dr Shane Colgan
Expert - Circular Economy
European Environment Agency
The European Green Deal has set unprecedented sustainability ambitions and mandates a move away from our unsustainable use of materials. Moving to a more circular economy will reduce our dependency on scarce natural resources and mitigate concerns over access to critical raw materials. Value retention strategies such as eco-design, remanufacturing and high-quality recycling are at the core of the circular economy. These actions increase resource efficiency and offer a strong pathway to a green recovery and lasting prosperity.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

An enhanced vision of EPR and the role of all actors
Pascal Leroy
Director General
WEEE Forum
The WEEE Forum, a prominent representative of Producer Responsibility Organisations (PROs) throughout the world, has developed a new vision which calls for an overhaul of the current system of extended producer responsibility, including targets, which it claims is not fit for purpose. Based on recent research undertaken by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and against the background of very few EU Member States being able to meet the 2019 collection targets for WEEE despite enormous progress being made in tackling the increasing amount of e-waste generated, the WEEE Forum lays out four vital steps that need to be taken to ensure the system is fair and achievable. The first is what is termed as the #allactors approach: a policy model whereby all private and public entities that have access to WEEE and therefore are involved in the collection, logistics, preparation for reuse, refurbishment, treatment, or recycling of WEEE, or in the associated monitoring, legislative and enforcement activities, are subject to minimum legal obligations regarding, amongst other things, compliance with legislation, reporting to the competent authorities and, meeting official standards and communication. The #allactors Approach means all actors have legal obligations which competent authorities must enforce to ensure that all actors contribute in line with their requirements. This approach will result in more fairness and inclusivity in the market as well as enhanced monitoring based on sustained cooperation.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Value Recovery Redefined When Retiring IT Equipment
Jelle Slenters
Head of Business Development EMEA - Global ITAD and Re-Use
Sims Lifecycle Services
The electronic recycling industry has evolved and matured since it emerged in the 1990s. Awareness is growing around corporate compliance and environmental sustainability. Organisations are working with industry-leaders to reimagine the equipment disposal landscape through the lens of sustainability. Today, the entire IT infrastructure ecosystem is evolving quickly. Changes in IT infrastructure, end user equipment and increased interest in asset reuse and closed loop recycling allow us to reimagine how we handle used IT equipment. These changes give us a unique opportunity to improve how we manage used electronics using data driven information to manage the lifecycle of IT assets. Designing and manufacturing durable and recyclable equipment will unlock previously unavailable sustainability gains. Until recently, financial returns and data destruction were primary outcomes of successful IT asset disposition (ITAD) and recycling programs. Today’s leading companies are seeking ways to measure the overall environmental impact of owning and using IT equipment, most often using carbon emissions, or greenhouse gas emissions, as the baseline measurement for environmental impact. This session will look back at the evolution of the recycling industry in the last 30 years and discuss reimagining IT Asset lifecycles and sustainability measurements in eWaste recycling programs. It will look at case study examples with companies who have built sustainability into their equipment disposal decision making processes, with demonstrable, measurable results and share recommendations on redefining what can be considered value recovery when retiring your IT assets.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Thematic impact financing opportunities under InvestEU
Francois Gaudet
Head of Thematic Impact Finance Operations
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Under the European Commission’s 2021-2027 programming period a number of initiatives are available to support circular economy. This session explores financing opportunities offered by the European Investment Bank under its Thematic Impact Finance programme using InvestEU’s Green Transition Investment Facility resources. The presentation will cover general eligibility considerations, structures used to tackle innovative circular economy projects and a case study to illustrate.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

Circular Electronics: Insights into three pilots on consumer behaviour change
Imke Schmidt
Projektmanager
Collaborating Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production (CSCP)
CIAP is an European multistakeholder initiative, designed to support the transition to circular electronics. The goal is to better understand consumer behaviour related to electronics and engaging consumers in a meaningful way when it comes to fostering more circular behaviours. The guiding question is: How might we innovate to enable people to reuse, repair, share, return, recycle or lease their devices?
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
System-wide responses to tackling e-waste: circular from end to end
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

LCD Recycling, Industry 4.0 and Circular Economy
Dr Lisa Maria T. O'Donoghue
Founder & CEO
Votechnik
In a world, where electronic devices have become more important than ever, allowing us to keep connection during the pandemic, social distancing, and home working, we see trends of double monitor displays at the home office as well as at the work office accompanied by an increase in purchasing home entertainment devices. The seismic impact of this consumer behavior will be felt in the years to come. There is a need to depollute these displays of hazardous materials as well as recovery the value of the metal. While the current manual recycling processes are just about keeping up with the LCD volumes, the clock is ticking to the point where speed and cost will be too much. However, the requirements here are not simply that of technology but more importantly a business model that embraces circular economy. This is especially poignant when the back bone of the EU recycling sector are SME companies. The EC Project ALR4000 is tackling this dual challenge and will present the results of "where full automation & robotics with industrial 4.0 meets innovative circular economy business models".

1:55 pm (CET)

Electronics recycling – current and future challenges for end-processing (focus on precious and other critical metals).
Steven Art
Project & Supply Manager
Umicore Precious Metals Refining
E-waste end-processing (end-refining) has shown resilience to a change in material quality and availability since years. Smelting & refining operations, like Umicore PMR, treat e-waste blended with other materials in large scale installations. This leads to high recovery yields and this of a broad range of (critical) metals. It will continue to exist, possibly together with other, new end-processing technologies to tackle the e-waste challenge, ideally in synergy, rather than in competition. A future challenge will be the recycling of the other critical metals (EU critical metals & conflict minerals) with a lower economical value, in a sustainable way.

2:20 pm (CET)

ANDRITZ Recycling Technology Center – not only for e-scrap trials
Franz Frühauf
Sales Director
ANDRITZ Recycling
Almost one year ago, ANDRITZ opened its Recycling Technology Center near Graz, Austria, and has thus considerably expanded the range of services available to its recycling customers. The ANDRITZ Recycling Technology Center – ART Center for short – is equipped with innovative shredding technology from the ADuro product line and enables recycling tests under real plant conditions with industrial-scale equipment. The ADuro shredders can be used for primary and secondary shredding as well as for fine granulation and dismantling of composite materials. The materials tested cover a wide spectrum, ranging from electronic waste to rejects, plastics or other waste streams. Since ANDRITZ is a leading supplier for e-scrap recycling plants with more than 60 reference recycling plants for WEEE/e-scrap and cooling appliances, it is natural that the ART Center was equipped with ANDRITZ’ technical innovation for e-scrap recycling – the ADuro QZ shredder. The machine breaks down different composite materials quickly and gently using rotating chains so that the individual fractions (like iron, plastic, printed circuit boards, cables, and copper coils) are exposed and can be easily separated from one another in downstream processes. Several trials with various types of e-scrap and different composite materials were conducted in the pilot plant. Exemplary showcases prove the main benefit for customers and partners. With the simulation of complete processes new recycling projects and investments can be planned easily and investment risk is reduced to a minimum.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:15 pm (CET)
 

3:15 pm (CET)

How the latest developments in sensor-based sorting can provide new opportunities for WEEE recyclers.
Terence Keyworth
Segment Manager Metal North/East Europe
TOMRA
This presentation will highlight not only some new developments in sensor-based sorting, but also how a clever use of sensor-based sorting machines can lead to improved process efficiency, increased recovery rates of valuable materials and higher purity of final products.

3:40 pm (CET)

A data-driven approach to EPR compliance
Frederik Eisinger
Head of Environmental Compliance Management
Reverse Logistics Group
Managing Extended Producer Responsibility, especially for multinational corporations, is about managing complexity. Keeping track and monitoring EPR legislation around the waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), batteries, packaging (and more areas) can be an enormous challenge. Although in principle similar in all EU member states, the specific requirements of the national EPR regime differ from country to country. Managing this complexity requires knowledge about the legislative requirements as well as having accurate data. Especially for EPR reporting, a comprehensive and consistent data structure is key as requirements in terms of templates, level of detail required, and reporting categories differ, sometimes from EPR compliance scheme to EPR compliance scheme within one country. In his presentation, Frederik Eisinger shares the RLG approach to EPR compliance that builds on a comprehensive set of product and transactional data attributes. He will lay out how a consistent data structure on environmental product attributes helps companies ensure EPR compliance. With modulated fees being introduced in more and more countries, having the correct data also enables companies to manage costs and more easily realize cost-saving potentials.

4:05 pm (CET)

From knowledge exchange to action – piloting treatment and financing solutions to e-waste management in low and middle income countries. Lessons learnt from PREVENT Projects
Daniel Hinchliffe
Advisor Sustainable Solid Waste Management and Circular Economy
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
The PREVENT Waste Alliance is a global multistakeholder initiative which exchanges on and develops solutions on pressing e-waste and plastic pollution problems. Following its launch in 2019, discussion and knowledge exchange has moved to action, as the members of the alliance now implement pilot projects in over 15 countries. This presentation shares insights from the pilot projects of the PREVENT e-waste working group, which aim to develop treatment and financing solutions to improve e-waste management in contexts where currently dangerous, toxic and polluting informal recycling dominates. These projects address needs both globally – such as connecting markets for off-takers to recyclers - and more locally on the ground, for example in Ecuador, Tanzania and Nigeria.

4:30 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: Using pilots to drive systemic change – what does it take to scale long term treatment and financing solutions to e-waste management?
Daniel Hinchliffe
Advisor Sustainable Solid Waste Management and Circular Economy
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Andreas Manhart
Senior Researcher Products & Material Flows
Öko-Institut
Kingsly Akamewane
Landbell Group/European Recycling Platform
Implementing activities on the ground through pilots brings more tangible results than desktop studies. But how do we move from the piloting stage to larger change on a societal level? What are the key factors? Bringing together different implementing organisations from the PREVENT Waste Alliance, this panel will discuss how implementation of pilots can move into broader approaches to support longer term change that supports wider sustainable e-waste management globally.

Day2: December 1, 2021

Global solutions to a global problem: international perspectives on e-waste
9:00 am - 12:15 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Facilitating the environmentally sound transboundary movement of e-waste – an innovation challenge
Ines Knäpper
Global Alliance for Trade Facilitation
World Economic Forum
To bring fresh ideas to solve old problems, the Global Alliance for Trade facilitation together with its partners the Government of Rwanda and Enviroserve, is organising an innovation sprint – also known as hackathon - that brings creative minds from all over the world, knowledge from different disciplines, and field-experts in the world of e-waste together for 60 hours in a virtual environment to work on tangible solutions for better materials reprocessing and collection and transboundary movement of e-waste. We hope to present the results of this innovation sprint during the e-Waste World conference.
 

9:25 am (CET)

KEEP all materials, each component, every origin - learnings from the innovation project
Krisitna Liljestrand
Project leader, KEEP
Chalmers University of Technology
Electronics waste is increasing at a rapid pace. Fifty million metric tonnes of old electronics are discarded every year. KEEP aims to change this by creating a traceability solution for electrical and electronic products. KEEP has gathered 14 partners from the whole lifecycle to facilitate information sharing through a traceability solution that collects information about the product from all stages. This will help everyone involved to reduce waste, retain value and extend the life of products. At the presentation, Kristina Liljestrand can present the project from process to output and learnings from the collaboration. The project is based in Sweden and unique in its kind. Read more about the project here https://xd.adobe.com/view/432af1e2-42a2-4484-6ad4-802aa7ec41c9-351b/?fullscreen
 

9:50 am (CET)

Valuable materials recovery from waste printed circuit board at Remind (Recycling Materials for Indonesia)
Muhammad Dzikri Ahira Soefihara
Graduate Student
Delft University of Technology
Remind, “Recycling Materials for Indonesia”, is built to participate in solving e-waste management’s issue in Indonesia. We currently focus to recycle valuable materials from waste printed circuit boards. Collection, pre-treatment, metals recovery, and waste management are the main processes conducted at our pilot factory. We have demonstrated that this route is practically feasible and economically beneficial to recover metals, particularly gold. To improve the recovery, we recently added shaking table equipment to assist the pre-treatment process. Preliminary tests showed that this improvement contributed effectively to separate the high-valuable materials (gold concentrate) from less valuable materials (plastic).
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

System-wide responses to tackling e-waste: circular from end to end
Craig Campion
Director of ITAD Services
Stone Group
 

11:10 am (CET)

Transitioning Africa into the Circular Economy
Malcolm Whitehouse
Business Development & Compliance Manager
AST Recycling
With Africa being a dumping ground for the modern world’s e-waste through deferred dumping, rather than being a problem, should be seen as an opportunity to create sustainable jobs, (especially post Covid 19) create value, and clean up the environment. Less than 0.9% of all e-waste generated in Africa is recycled formally, out of 2,9 million tons placed on market annually. Transitioning into a circular economy can be attained through collaborative partnerships, networking and sharing of skills and information across the continent.
 

11:35 am (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: What role can and should the private sector take in reaching solutions for e-waste management in low and middle income countries?
Reinhardt Smit
Director - Supply Chains
Closing The Loop
Andreas Manhart
Senior Researcher Products & Material Flows
Öko-Institut
Adrian Clews
Managing Director
Hinckley Recycling
Kevin Yang
Technical Product and Compliance Manager
AOC International Europe B.V. | MMD Monitors & Displays B.V
 
Networking Session -
12:15 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Mining e-waste: a vital source of secondary raw materials and key to unlocking the circular economy
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

Robotic recycling technologies – helping to grow the circular economy
Austin Ryan
CCO
FPD Recycling
Consumer electronics have changed a lot in 20 years – look how our TVs have gotten thinner and smarter. But if you look at their end-of-life phase - not much has changed. The E-waste industry is in urgent need of a safe and profitable process for handling and recycling screens, locally, in the country of origin. The same way automation has revolutionised electronics' manufacturing, it can change its end-of-life processing. Advanced robotic recycling technologies allow us to move away from the take-make-waste linear model to a circular economy. It is now time to start looking at the e-waste as a source of valuable materials, rather than harmful, toxic waste that is pushed around until it ends up in landfills around the globe.

1:55 pm (CET)

Refining of precious metals from electronic waste with maximum efficiency, through the use of automation and integrated hydrometallurgical processes.
Marco Guolo
CTO and Sales Manager
Osai

2:20 pm (CET)

Metallurgical E-waste Recycling as an Integral Part of the Circular Economy
Dr Stefan Konetschnik
Managing Director
UrbanGold GmbH
The presentation summarizes the possibilities of metallurgical processing of copper and precious metals containing fractions from e-waste. The first part of the presentation deals with the status of the metallurgical recycling industry using Europe as an example. The positioning of the metallurgy in the circular economy and the waste hierarchy are shown and discussed. Deficiencies of the established system are highlighted and possibilities to overcome them are offered. Furthermore, the technical and economic hurdles when setting up a metallurgical recycling facility are presented. Topic of the last part of the presentation, are the steps for planning, developing, and realizing a recycling project.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:15 pm (CET)
 

3:15 pm (CET)

Metso Outotec eScrap Solutions – unlocking the value
Lauri Närhi
Head of smelting solution
Metso Outotec
The presentation will introduce Metso Outotec and it’s capabilities to provide sustainable solutions of the processing and refining of e-scrap. We will identify some of the most common eScrap facilities’ design challenges and share some insights on the economics of investing in a e-scrap smelter.

3:40 pm (CET)

Biomining – the future for low-CO2 recovery
Andy Hanratty
Head of Business
Mint Innovation
Mint Innovation will introduce the benefits of their precious metal recovery technology in terms of local reprocessing versus international shipping of waste and the commensurate cost and carbon savings to be gained.

4:05 pm (CET)

Sustainable, resource and energy efficient recycling of e-scrap
Andreas Nolte
Head Of Quality Management
Aurubis
Aurubis is processing more than 100,000 tonnes of e-scrap fractions annually. The multi-metal process ensures the recovery of up to 20 elements to commodities or intermediates for further extraction. Sustainable recycling means being fully compliant and committed to directives, laws, ordinances, responsible sourcing and standards. Energy efficient implies using best available technology and Aurubis smelter network to optimize energy demand and carbon footprint of metals extraction. Facts and figures will demonstrate today´s state of the art e-scrap recycling.

Green & Sustainable Electronics

Day1: November 30, 2021

Keynote presentations
9:00 am - 12:15 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Circular Electronics: “How to move the needle on your circular performance on a company and product level - a Telecom sector case-study
Mart Beune
Senior Manager Circular Economy & ESG Strategy
KPMG
The world today is only 8.6% circular. But do you also know what the circular performance of your company or product is? Circular metrics are emerging and developing at a rapid pace. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), together with a group of companies, developed the Circular Transition Indicators (CTI) framework to enable companies to measure and steer on their circular performance. A case study will be presented of a leading European Telecom operator and how this company navigates the (data) challenges in moving towards a circular business.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Is France a paradigm of circular economy regulations? -Developments in other selected EU markets.
Julia Feuring
Senior Legal Counsel
1cc GmbH
With the Anti-Waste Law for the circular economy no 2020-105 of February 2020 (AGEC law), France created the legal basis for a consistent, national path towards a circular economy. In the meantime, several implementing laws have been established for the Anti-Waste Law. Some of these impose challenging requirements on the manufacturers of products in scope. These include requirements for the availability of spare parts, durability, recyclability, and reusability of products. It also creates incentives to include more recycled content in product design. Currently, this law is a hot topic of discussion, and manufacturers of affected products are looking with trepidation at the very dynamic legislative developments in France. New planned obligations can be reported almost monthly. The focus in the pursuit of circular economy requirements is on France. But does a manufacturer keep everything under control if he follows the French requirements and is compliant here? Other EU markets follow France as a model and create similar requirements to strengthen the circular economy in the country. Still other EU markets, however, focus on other measures to strengthen the circular economy and implement their strategies and commitments or go beyond the requirements set in France. The presentation is intended to show the different developments in the EU markets in the implementation of a circular economy and to answer the question, whether France is currently really the benchmark or whether the other Member States with no less demanding measures do not pose equally high challenges to manufacturers.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Sustainability and Producer Responsibility Organizations
Wojciech Swietochowski
Head of Global Sales
Landbell AG
Sustainability is not just about recycling or ‘being green’. Being sustainable means considering environmental aspects along the whole lifetime of a product - from design until end of life. The whole lifetime of a product involves many stakeholders. That’s why the 2018 revision of the European Waste Framework Directive set new minimum requirements for producers responsibility organisations (PROs). It also called for Member States to strengthen enforcement by 5 January 2023. From setting modulated fees to ensuring adequate monitoring and enforcement, PROs will have an increasingly important role to play in Europe’s waste and resource landscape. Right now, policymakers are particularly focused on products that are put on market via distance sales - even more so given the surge in online sales since the Covid-19 outbreak. To create a level playing field for all producers and online marketplaces, some Member States have already introduced new obligations. This paper reviews these new requirements and explains how PROs can help companies to fulfil them.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

Beyond E-Waste Management for Electronics Sustainability
Corey Dehmey
Executive Director
SERI - Sustainable Electronics Recycling International
Everybody’s talking about a Circular Economy. But what does that really mean when it comes to electronics? Further, is “Circular” enough as an end goal? This session will explore the various channels for building towards a circular economy and beyond through electronics sustainability. What role do Standards and Certification play in moving the needle? How can programs in education, government, and business stimulate progress? And, fundamentally how do we shift thinking from managing e-waste to eliminating the concept of waste altogether?
 

11:10 am (CET)

To be announced
Steffen Vangerow
Managing director & Board Member
Vangerow GmbH & Runder Tisch Reparatur
 

11:35 am (CET)

Panel Discussion - The Circular Electronics Partnership: implementing our 2030 roadmap
Nancy Gillis
CEO
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Reinhardt Smit
Director - Supply Chains
Closing The Loop
Jelle Slenters
Head of Business Development EMEA - Global ITAD and Re-Use
Sims Lifecycle Services
According to the Global E-waste Monitor 2020, in one year, a staggering 50 million metric tonnes of e-waste are generated. Of this total amount, more than 40 million tonnes of e-waste are discarded in landfill, burned or illegally traded and treated in a sub-standard way every year. Under the current linear economy conditions, the consumption of resources (metals, plastics, chemicals) will increase and with it the amounts of e-waste generated.This session will explore e-waste landscape and trends, introduce a new industry-led initiative that responds to it and hear directly from its members as to the actions they’re taking to achieve a more circular electronics industry.
 
Networking Session -
12:15 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Circular Photovoltaics & Solar Recycling
1:30 pm - 2:45 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

To be announced
Nancy Gillis
CEO
Green Electronics Council (GEC)

1:55 pm (CET)

Circular business opportunities in the PV supply chain - lessons from the CIRCUSOL project
Tom Rommens
R&D Manager, Unit Sustainable Materials Management
CIRCUSOL & VITO
Solar PV has been a key engine powering the energy transition. As the number of installed PV modules on the market rises, circular material management and resource efficiency are becoming increasingly critical factors for the long-term success of this technology. Circular economy and renewable, clean energy need to go hand in hand, to safeguard a truly sustainable transition towards a low-carbon future. CIRCUSOL is an Innovation Action project funded by the Horizon 2020 program of the European Commission, investigating the options to evolve towards circular business models in the solar power industry. In the past three years, we addressed the following questions: • What are the environmental benefits of PV lifetime extension and/or reuse, compared to replacing old installations with newer, more efficient installations? • How to develop a viable 2nd life market for PV with short, regional loops? • How to prevent “leakage” of low quality discarded PV modules to countries with poorly developed waste management systems. Some interesting findings and lessons for the future will be presented.

2:20 pm (CET)

PHOTORAMA – A circular approach towards a sustainable photovoltaic industry
Claire Agraffeil
Project Manager
CEA/INES (Institut National de l'Energie Solaire)
The IRENA projections have already announced 60-78 million tons of Photovoltaic (PV) wastes worldwide and about 10 million tons in Europe. Considering the context of the climate change issue, solar energy has become the best candidate to lead the energy transition and move towards the carbon neutral paradigm. A huge deployment is expected in the coming decades and this will consequently increase the amount of PV waste while the current recycling solutions are mostly inefficient in terms of materials recovery. In order to challenge downcylcing practises, the PHOTORAMA project funded under the European Union’s H2020 programme is currently implementing a comprehensive circular model focused on developing innovative recycling technologies.

2:45 pm (CET)

Re-use of PV Panels: Challenges or Opportunities?
Jan Clyncke
Managing Director
PV Cycle
The European WEEE Directive 2012/19/EU states general rules to distinguish used electrical and electronic equipment versus waste electrical and electronic equipment by the fact of the existence of an invoice/contract, evidence of functionally by testing, and adequate packaging. The largest obstacle for applying the existing definition is the unclear requirement of the functional state of PV Panels concerning performance and safety. In summary, according to our assessment, PV Panels are by design long-lasting products. Under the condition of existing well-regulated and controlled schemes for their technical inspection, repair and final treatment the re-use is feasible, clearly and socially desirable. The economic viability of the sector is currently achieved in low-income countries as clearly proven by the fact that most worldwide and European actors export towards these regions. PV Panel re-use in developed countries is currently only viable for niche applications and its uptake will depend if/how CO2 footprint of electronic products will be integrated in the product cost. Overall, the unclear legislation, the lack of control of the WEEE directive, and the nearly complete lack of similar legislations outside the EU raise serious environmental and safety concerns about the re-use of PV modules. At the dawn of the first decommissioning wave of PV systems, followed by an expected rapid rise of the volumes of re-usable PV Panels, we ask for a careful assessment of the sector and its adequate regulations in concertation with the relevant global actors

3:10 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: To be announced
Nancy Gillis
CEO
Green Electronics Council (GEC)
Networking Session -
3:40 pm - 4:10 pm (CET)
 
Taking Electronics Circular
4:10 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

4:10 pm (CET)

The future role of EPR schemes, the Italian case study – initiatives and projects
Luca Campadello
Project & Research Manager
ERION
In the priority sectors for circular economy, e-waste and waste batteries are facing challenging times. How to reach the targets for the return rates, how to support OEMs in circular economy initiatives with innovative solutions and how to face complexity in recycling and preparation for reuse. To give an overview on good practices, European projects (NONTOX for plastics, BELT for energy labelling, Circular Housing for new business models) and innovative initiatives (EXCEED for professional WEEE) will be showcased.

4:35 pm (CET)

Fit for the requirements of Circular Economy
Clemens Kitzberger
Business Development Manager Application Post Consumer
EREMA Group GmbH
The plasticcontent of electronic waste isabout 20 -25%. The recycling rate of electronic waste within the EU is35 % and in Austria 41 %. To achieve the EU's recycling target of 55 % by 2025, it ́s necessary to boost the recycling rate of these plastics too.

5:00 pm (CET)

Take-back programs and product design - essential success factors closing-the-loop
Dr Felix-Michael Weber
CEO
MBA Polymers Group
Post-consumer plastics saving enormous amounts of greenhouse gases compared to the production of virgin from petrochemicals, based on the MBA Polymers process we save up to 4,8 tons of CO2 per ton produced for our customers. These facts are increasing the demand for post-consumer plastics in particular made out of WEEE. For designing and producing high quality plastics and to ensure efficient recycling processes, partnerships with industry leaders producing IT equipment, consumer goods, cosmetics or automotive are essential. Additionally efficient take-back-programs are supporting the customer awareness and contribute to a more efficient treatment of WEEE or other post-consumer feedstock. Theses partnerships increase the efficiency and finally the rates of efficient separation of polymeric materials from highly complex waste products in order to to clean, sort and purify the resulting plastics by type and grade until they’re ready for re-use in demanding applications. We will give best practice insides and suggest requirements for take-back programs replacing virgin plastics and closing the loop.

5:25 pm (CET)

Offering a perspective for the public?
Friso Visser
Project Lead
REPLAY project
Science Centres and Science Museums master the art of science communication. Nowadays the discussion is on many topics like inclusion, participation and, the new kid on the block, activism! How do we get people moving in a sustainable direction? Show and Tell or do we use radical methods? From a very practical point of view, taking a tour through a museum and showing some samples of how to involve the audience in re-ycling/up-cycling and e-waste, a focus is put on some lessons learned. Be gentle, don’t rub it in, soft-selling does it vs show what is wrong and dictate how people should behave: what might work in terms of empowering society? The presentation looks at how Museon, a museum dedicated to education and a family-audience, is trying to get people moving in a sustainable direction. The REPLAY project being a typical example of how the museum successfully reaches out to the public on e-waste issues. Friso Visser is a museum-professional who works at Museon in The Hague (Netherlands) as Head of Education & Exhibitions/Deputy Director. He was trained as Museologist and later studied Geology, starting his carrier in 1989 as museum-curator in that field. After having worked in several European research projects on ICT and Museums, he joined PriceWaterhouseCoopers as senior consultant at the turn of the century. As PwC consultant he was seconded at the European Commission around the turn of the century to work on the IST programme on ICT and museums, archives and libraries. In 2005 he started the digital-library activities for the Dutch Library Association (Bibliotheek.nl). Returning to the museum field he works now at Museon on the renewal of the museum and its education programmes with a focus on Sustainable Development.

Day2: December 1, 2021

Eco-principles in consumer electronics: redesign, repurpose or refurbish
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

R(e)-Sourcing Materials
Efrat Friedland
Founder/Materials Strategist
materialscout
If we are here, today, discussing E-Waste, this means there is still a lot of it to be collected and managed. We should enhance the value of this waste to make sure designers can reuse it, users can appreciate it and the industry will keep it in the system. How to facilitate that? This talk will walk you through key principals to consider when designing circular products.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Making circular tech relevant for commercial people
Joost de Kluijver
Founder
Closing the Loop
The two words that are probably most used in presentations on circularity are 'should' and 'just'. These words highlight that circular thinking mostly focuses on the (distant) future, and that it often lacks pragmatism (circular change is hardly a concept that is 'just' implemented; it requires huge effort). Joost will talk about a missing link for the tech industry: short term, commercial benefits that result from circular business models. And how that link results in action, implementation, engagement and experience. His talk will not be theoretical. It will showcase a circular service that is used by OEMs, tech producers and governments - and is funding e-waste reduction in the developing world.
 

9:50 am (CET)

Systemic change through multi-stakeholder collaboration
Marcel Jacobs
Executive Director
ARCTIC - Alliance for Responsible Circular & Transparent procurement of ICT
ARCTIC - Alliance for Responsible Circular and Transparent procurement of ICT brings together joint statement of demand. Three product categories have been selected - mobile (smart) phones, laptops and data centers Four stakeholder groups collaborate on three key priorities 3 key deliverables Buyers speaking with a single voice: Harmonize and standardize demand, Secure buying organisations commitment (public & private sector) through consolidated criteria. Awareness raising: Increase Knowledge at both market and demand (buyers) side (topics Circular Economy, Business models, Circular/Sustainable procurement). System change: stakeholder collaboration striving for a breakthrough in innovation covering overall system, products/solutions, infra structure processes, procurement, market. The process is managed through 6 workstreams that: Raise awareness & increase knowledge Define harmonized criteria & align standards Simplify & standardize (procurement) processes Clarify impact of products, services & solutions Identify supporting policy tools Drive system innovation For more information please check www.arctic-alliance.com which explains and outlines the relevance of a global multi-stakeholder initiative
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The handling of old electronics in private households and concepts for improvement
Alexander Suessmilch
Managing Shareholder
CIRECON
In German households 32 million tons of electrical waste is stored, resulted in an inquiry of the Bitkom 2018. The reason for that we found out with our survey. We asked over 500 end consumers what happens to their unused electronic equipment at home and why their readiness to dispose of old units is so low – this is shown by the low recycling rates of 45% in Germany. Our survey result show a clear trend into higher willingness to recycle if the right take-back concepts are presented by manufacturers, dealers and other companies obliged to collect and take back e-waste units. Join our presentation to find out more on the solutions for waste of electrical and electronic equipment and find out more on www.cirecon.de.
 

11:10 am (CET)

Do e-textiles require specific legislation to avoid harmful waste?
Jessica Saunders
Programme Director
London College of Fashion
E-textiles are a rapidly expanding body of materials, with extensive prototyping and market testing being carried out globally with potential fashion, military and medical applications. This is leading to novel combinations of nano materials, electrical components and fibres with a challenging waste profile. A small number of researchers such as Kohler 2011,2013 [2,3] and Veske, P. et al. (2019) have identified the need for regulation in this area and have highlighted the potential environmental impact of e-textiles. These emerging textiles are partially covered by a myriad of directives and legislature from three very separate disciplines which means there is potential for e-textiles to find their way into landfill due to their position on the edges of WEEE and REACH legislation in the EU and UK. E-textile developers are calling for action to clarify the position of e-textiles in legislature and to define related standards. Furthermore as a budding product area there is time to engender environmentally aware design for disassembly practice into new products. How this is brought about and what it looks like is an important part of e-textiles journey to the mass market, requiring cross disciplinary discourse with stakeholder and policy maker engagement.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Fast Tracks: a requirement for a Circular Economy of Electronic Wastes
Chris Slijkhuis
Board Member
European Electronics Recyclers Association (EERA)
The current way how waste shipments are organized should undergo a serious re-think, as it impedes proper recycling rather than supporting this. The presentation will dig into the procedures for shipping waste across borders, it will share the experience of how a new classification of plastic waste was introduced and how Switzerland and Ghana have proposed to name all E-Waste as hazardous waste. E-Waste is an important raw material for valuable secondary raw materials, of executed properly and therefore compliant E-Waste recyclers need to get easy access to these raw materials.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: How do we build momentum for societal change to create demand for non-new products and recycled materials
Anthony Levy
CEO & Founder
Circular First
Efrat Friedland
Founder/Materials Strategist
materialscout
Cris Stephenson
CEO
Environcom
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
Exploring routes to re-use for discarded EEE: re-use practices and principles moving toward a circular economy
1:30 pm - 4:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

When the Circular Economy Meets Environmental Justice
Jim Puckett
Executive Director & Founder
Basel Action Network (BAN)
Global waste trade expert and environmental justice advocate for over 30 years, Jim Puckett of the Basel Action Network (BAN) makes the case that too often the Circular Economy (CE) proponents seek to confuse the CE with what has been called the Circle of Poison –when developing countries are exploited as depositories for banned products or polluting wastes. He notes how quickly many have forgotten two of the three fundamental pillars of the CE – preservation of natural capital and the elimination of externalities. Jim makes the case that the trade in wastes has always primarily been about exploiting negative externalities which lies in direct conflict with principles of environmental justice and with a true Circular Economy. He cites examples of how industry and some governments seek to run away from the Basel Convention due to its effectiveness in halting the export of harm.

1:55 pm (CET)

Reverse engineering embedded systems to reduce e-waste
Maurits Fennis
Founder/CEO
Unbinare
Unbinare is an e-waste reverse engineering laboratory. We will discuss the practice of reverse engineering within the context of sustainability by covering a set of hardware analysis and knowledge creation techniques employed in the reverse engineering of e-waste. We will demonstrate hardware tools that we have developed internally and how simple tools that are cheap, easy to obtain or easy to produce can support grassroots organizations in reducing the rise in e-waste.

2:20 pm (CET)

The changing face of Reuse
Cris Stephenson
CEO
Environcom
As the largest UK white goods re-use business. Envirocom has access to some interesting data and conclusions on the why, how and where re-use appliances are sold. E-waste re-use needs to mature and expand out of the cottage business it is and become a mainstay of our retail landscape and more importantly of our psychological purchasing DNA.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:10 pm (CET)
 

3:10 pm (CET)

The value we throw away: understanding and reducing IT EWaste through complementary channels for reuse.
Anthony Levy
CEO & Founder
Circular First
We will discuss powerful and scalable ways to reduce waste and create value for manufactures and technology users by creating trusted end to end solutions. eWaste is the tip of the iceberg in the waste cycle created by IT, it is simply the bit we can see at the end of use. Minimising waste through the entire lifecycle needs a joined-up solution from manufacturers, service providers, and the technology users themselves, we will explore these ideas, and real-life solutions in this presentation.

3:35 pm (CET)

Reducing E-Waste by extending the Use Phase (with support of SME’s)
Jan Hoogstrate
Executive Director
Free ICT Europe Foundation
Crucial contributions should be embraced. Good behaviour shown in one situation, can this be copied to another? With organisations spending 64% of the ICT sales, what should they do to contribute and become more sustainable? Free ICT stands for Freedom of choice, looking forward to meet you!

Electric Vehicles & Battery Recycling

Day1: November 30, 2021

Keynote sessions
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Future Mobility is powered by Sustainable Raw Materials
Dr Roland Gauss
Senior Advisor for Raw Materials Substitution and Recycling
EIT RawMaterials
New forms of sustainable mobility are enabled by innovation in Advanced Materials, for instance, in batteries, magnets for e-drives, lightweight materials. They are made of Raw Materials that significantly determine the environmental footprint of the entire product. Emerging energy and mobility technologies create a strong demand for raw materials and advanced materials. For some critical materials, this demand will dramatically exceed current production in the next 10 to 15 years. Limited access might negatively impact the mobility transition, thus reducing the competitiveness of the European raw materials industry.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Solvent Extraction in Battery Recycling – Criteria for Diluent Selection
Daniel Bien
Global Technology Advisor Fluids
ExxonMobil
Solvent extraction plays an important role in the recovery of “critical materials” like Cobalt and Nickel and more recently also Lithium in the recycling process of batteries. The diluent impacts not only the performance but also certain aspects of sustainability of the process. The paper will present criteria and industry examples of how to select the most suitable diluent.
 

9:50 am (CET)

LCA model for battery production, use and end of life management
Saugat Roy
Principal Consultant
ERM
LCA model for battery production, use and end of life management Discuss how a LCA assessment supports the business for informed decision to reduce footprint of their environmental and social impacts in the value chain talk about sustainable sourcing and how voluntary initiatives IRMA and OECD Guidelines are influencing practices of consumers in market place and define competitive edge
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The new EU Battery Regulation and how it affects battery use and recycling
Max Rehberger
Business Development Manager
TÜV SÜD
The new EU Battery Regulation significantly expands the requirements on what batteries need to fulfill to be allowed onto the EU market. These requirements are not only targeting the production and quality of the products, but also extend towards requirements on second life use as well as on the recycling process. The speech will provide an overview of this regulation and give insights about the requirements that need to be fulfilled when the battery is leaving its first life.
 

11:10 am (CET)

An Advanced Upcycling Solution for Lithium-ion Battery Waste
Zarko Meseldzija
Director & CTO
American Manganese Inc
A review on the upcycling of lithium-ion battery production scrap and black mass material into high-value cathode precursor materials, using the patented and closed-loop RecycLiCo process. Including the current outlook of EV battery materials and how recycling will play a role in the battery value chain.
 

11:35 am (CET)

A roadmap for the future of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
This presentation will look at present and anticipated developments in the recycling and reuse of Lithium Ion Batteries, evaluating the current state of the art, near term developments and anticipating the future technologies that will play a role in Lithium Ion Batteries. The presentation is based on work that is being undertaken at the University of Birmingham on the Met4Tech Project, and the Faraday Institution’s ReLiB project. A roadmap for Lithium Ion Battery Recycling is currently being edited by Prof. Emma Kendrick and the presenter for the journal JPhys Energy.
 

12:00 pm (CET)

PANEL DISCUSSION: How will EU Battery Regulation shape the Worldwide EV Recycling Industry?
Gavin Harper
Faraday Institution Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Dr Jyoti Ahuja
Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
Max Rehberger
Business Development Manager
TÜV SÜD
Tilmann Vahle
Associate/Lead
SYSTEMIQ/Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 am (CET)
 
Battery waste, recycling and sustainability in the electric vehicle transition
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

Regulatory challenges associated with the switch to electric cars
Prof Aleksandra Cavoski
Professor of Environmental Law, College Director of Global Engagement
University of Birmingham
Prof Robert Lee
Director of the Centre for Legal Education and Research
University of Birmingham
Dr Jyoti Ahuja
Research Fellow
University of Birmingham
The guided switch to electric vehicles is a major policy intervention in the transition to net zero carbon and an increasing number of jurisdictions are setting dates for the phasing out of internal combustion engine models. Making this announcement is perhaps the easiest step on the net zero journey because what follows are a series of shared challenges that demonstrate the difficulties of such a switch without proper regard to circular economy considerations. The paper examines a series of legal and regulatory hurdles in ensuring access to security of supply of technology metals crucial to this energy transition. In Europe, there is a significant reliance on imports of technology metals given the volume of batteries planned and not helped by regulatory, fiscal and technical complexities associated with the reuse and recycling of lithium-ion batteries (LiBs). This is coupled with unresolved ownership questions over lithium-ion batteries which affect their fate once they reach the end of their life in the vehicle. The revised EU Batteries Regulation through policy devices such as minimum content of recycled metals in LiBs begins to address these issues. However, we will argue that greater attention needs to be given to waste hierarchy questions applying to these batteries as well as to a much more robust approach to questions of eco-design and that true circular economy approaches must be adopted if the transition to electric vehicles is to provide a sustainable solution.

1:55 pm (CET)

Research on Intelligent equipment technology for EV battery recycling
Christopher Hansen
International Representative
CycleWell
The development of electric vehicles (EVs) has been accelerated given the growing concerns regarding climate change and the energy crisis, which has led to the explosion of end of life (EoL) EV batteries. Recycling of the EoL EV batteries has become a vital part of circular economy and received extensive attention from governments around the world. Although many technologies have been developed for recycling valuable component from batteries, less attention has been devoted to the development of equipment that used for recovery batteries. In this report, the challenges for development of intelligent recycling equipment that must be faced include safety, environmental and economic issues will be introduced.

2:20 pm (CET)

Accelerating Electric Mobility with Circular Economy
Tilmann Vahle
Associate/Lead
SYSTEMIQ/Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland
Presenting Background and key results from SYSTEMIQ's work on how to make batteries a major force for sustainable mobility and energy systems via Circular Economy principles. Building on our Analyses and Industry /Sciences engagement for the WEF Global Battery Alliance http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_A_Vision_for_a_Sustainable_Battery_Value_Chain_in_2030_Report.pdf and with the Circular Economy Initiative Deutschland group on circularity in traction batteries https://www.circular-economy-initiative.de/s/TB_Gesamtbericht-EN.pdf, including positions regarding the upcoming EU circularity policies such as Battery Regulation, ELV directive, and more.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:15 pm (CET)
 

3:15 pm (CET)

Meeting Europe’s Lithium Converter Demand for E-Car and Energy Storage Needs
Dirk Harbecke
CEO
Rock Tech Lithium

3:40 pm (CET)

Demand and supply of Lithium-Ion battery materials: recycled materials as additional feedstock
Wolfgang Bernhart
Senior Partner
Roland Berger
Demand and supply of Lithium-Ion battery materials: recycled materials as additional feedstock - Development of the battery market and technologies used: a 3 TWh in 2030 - Expected demand in critical battery materials and resulting supply chain risks: challenges for Lithium and Nickel - Current status of battery material recycling (EU vs China, production vs EoL): today dominated by China driven by production scrap - Legislative requirements for recycling (focus EU): higher recycling efficiency and recovery rates required - Role of 2nd life (refurbishment and stationary): dedicated ESS cells could be more attractive economically - Factors influencing recycling profitability: battery access, reverse logistics, recycling process costs, material prices - Opportunities and challenges for industry players

4:05 pm (CET)

BLUELINE – A flexible plant for processing of industrial residues
Georg Doninger
Head of Research & Development
LINETECHNOLOGY
In addition to stationary processing systems, there is a need for technology that makes decentralized recycling economically viable, even for low quantities and time varying input materials. This new type of flexible processing plant – called BLUELINE – was achieved and implemented by company LINETECHNOLOGY within a four-year re-search project together with different research facilities and industrial partners. BLU-ELINE represents a dynamically reconfigurable and container-based processing sys-tem for beneficiation of industrial residues (e.g. WEEE) and covers a wide range of (dry) mechanical-physical processing steps like screening, magnetic separation, eddy current separation, sensor-based sorting etc. Due to the modular concept different processing steps can be linked easy according to the requirements from input mate-rial. The innovative control takes place wirelessly by means of tablet and the operator is assisted by innovative systems for lining up a defined configuration. Selected ex-amples for processing of WEEE scrap are shown.

Day2: December 1, 2021

Technologies leading the charge on recycling used electric vehicle batteries
9:00 am - 12:30 pm (CET)

9:00 am (CET)

Innovative Separation Technology for the Recycling of Lithium Ion Batteries
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Ever Resource Ltd
In March 2021, Ever Resource Ltd in partnership with the University of Birmingham, UK, won a grant of approximately £950,000 GBP to develop an innovative separation technology for the recycling of lithium-ion batteries. Our process, which is physical / mechanical in nature, is capable of separating with greater than 99% efficiency the anode-arisings and cathode-arisings in shredded lithium-ion batteries. By separating these main component streams physically - mechanically, the downstream recycling becomes cleaner, cheaper and more environmentally sensible. The technology is compatible with all recycling innovations and incumbent technology - including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, cathode-to-cathode recovery, and electrolysis. In Willenhall, UK, we are currently setting up a pilot-scale operation shredding 500 kg of lithium-ion batteries per hour. Our 2-year project with the University of Birmingham will develop further the separation technology with a view to integrating the system in Willenhall and providing a commercial offering to the UK market from Q4 2021.
 

9:25 am (CET)

Recycling and Repurposing of EV Lithium-Ion Batteries
Nils Steinbrecher
Managing Director
TES-AMM (Singapore) Pte Ltd
Our focus will be e-waste recycling and repurposing, especially for EV lithium Ion batteries. We classify used batteries into two categories. One is end-of-life batteries which can no longer be used or are already damaged. We will recycle this type of batteries. The other is second life batteries with remaining capacity which can be reused and repurposed as renewable energy after sorting and processing. The content of the presentation will include sections below: -Our TES-AMM E-waste Recycling introduction and processes -Certification and requirements for battery transportation and deployment -Electronic Vehicle Market analysis -Reused Second life Energy Storage System Introduction -PV+ Smart Grid/ Micro grid system applications -Case study Demonstrations -Q&A Discussion
 

9:50 am (CET)

Mechanical treatment of lithium ion batteries
Alfred Weber
Sales Director - Recycling & Environment
BHS-Sonthofen GmbH
The challenges in dealing with the recycling of lithium ion batteries are very multifaceted. Starting with the secure material feed into the process of the battery modules, cells or production waste, as well as the guarantee of safe plant operation for the customer. In addition to the BHS standard process already established on the market, BHS-Sonthofen GmbH also offers customers tailored solutions in the field of dry-mechanical processing of lithium ion batteries. In the lecture, the current findings of the process are presented and their advantages are shown.
 
Networking Session -
10:15 am - 10:45 am (CET)
 

10:45 am (CET)

The Role of Recycling in the Supply Chain of Critical Battery Materials
Manfred Schmidt
Commercial VP, Battery Supply (EMEA)
Li-Cycle
This presentation will explore the urgent need for creating a sustainable and local critical battery materials supply chain, while addressing the economic and sustainability challenges of lithium-ion battery recycling and how Li-Cycle’s Spoke & Hub Technologies are able to help overcome some of these industry challenges and close the loop for critical battery materials throughout the world.
 

11:10 am (CET)

The Role of Recycling in the Supply Chain of Critical Battery Materials
Mark Bedford
Business Development Director
Johnson Matthey Plc
The recycling of end-of-life lithium-ion batteries is an essential step in reducing the carbon footprint of electric vehicles. Mechanical separation techniques used at the start of the recycling process commonly produce an intermediate material known as black mass. This is a heterogeneous mixture of graphite, lithium electrolytes, organic binders and cathode metals. To facilitate further processing and to determine an accurate composition from which the economic value of the black mass can be assessed, representative sampling, analysis and characterization are essential next steps.
 

11:35 am (CET)

Bioeconomy meets e-mobility: How microbes enable carbon neutral battery recycling
Dr Esther Gabor
Programme Manager Green & Urban Mining
BRAIN
Dr Gina Kuippers
Research Scientist
BRAIN
People usually think of “bioeconomy” as cows, corn and biogas, but bioeconomy has so much more on offer: At BRAIN Biotech we have developed calorie-free plant-based sweeteners, enzymes that support wound management and a technology to leach metals from e-waste using microbes. Recently we asked ourselves the question “How can bioeconomy help to make battery recycling more sustainable?”. At the centre of this question is the efficient recovery of lithium and cobalt, two elements that raw material experts regard as critical due to their scarcity, cumbersome production and risk of supply. They are located in the cathode material of lithium ion batteries and, after discharging and dismantling, they can be recovered in a mixture called “black mass” together with other metal compounds. Today, metals are recovered from black mass in energy-intensive smelting plants that release climate-damaging gases and fail to recover most of the lithium. Alternatively, hydrometallurgical approaches use aggressive chemicals and produce acidic waste piles that are costly to dispose of. We believe these strategies belong to the past and envisage a truly green process for the recycling of (EV) batteries. Our vision is that microorganisms take over lithium and cobalt extraction and lead to a fully environmentally friendly and sustainable battery recycling process
 

12:00 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: Discharging electric vehicle battery packs at the end of life (when, how and why?)
Athan Fox
Chief Technology & Innovation Officer
Ever Resource Ltd
Sam Haig
Battery Recycling Business Manager
R S Bruce Metals Recovery
 
Networking Session -
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm (CET)
 
More batteries, less waste: transitioning to a circular battery metals value chain
1:30 pm - 5:00 pm (CET)

1:30 pm (CET)

To be announced
Robert Colbourn
Manager - Benchmark Membership
Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

1:55 pm (CET)

Megawatt scale re-use of BEV-batteries better than recycling?
Jürgen Kölch
Referent Strategy and Innovation
EVA Fahrzeugtechnik (Member of FEV Group)
The environmental benefits of an electric vehicle face repeated criticism. Along with the use of CO2-intensive, coal-based electricity for vehicle operation, the ecological rucksack of the battery is the primary focus. When the battery is reused at the end of the vehicle’s service life, the environmental benefits far exceed those of just regular recycling. The presentation will show two already realized battery plants on a megawatt scale and report the experience in planning and construction. Both systems are used for grid control and can support a smart grid in the future.

2:20 pm (CET)

What is the most cost- and CO2-effective set-up for collection & recycling of EV-batteries?
Jodok Reinhardt
Co-founder
Librec
What are the current and future interests and challenges for car manufacturers regarding a most cost- and CO2-efficient collection and recycling of EV-batteries? Current and future volumes of manufacturing scrap and end-of-life batteries, today’s recycling capacity in Europe, control of circular flow of raw materials, high transportation cost, EU-wide take-back obligation and required recovery rates are the major conditions to be addressed. We present research results, maximum economic distance for collection, best-available recycling technology and details behind the unbeatable cost advantage of the “Spoke-and-Hub” service model.
Networking Session -
2:45 pm - 3:10 pm (CET)
 

3:10 pm (CET)

To be announced
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage

3:35 pm (CET)

Panel Discussion: Recycling strategies for End-of-Life Li-ion Batteries from Electric Vehicles
Hans Eric Melin
Managing Director
Circular Energy Storage
Dr Esther Gabor
Programme Manager Green & Urban Mining
BRAIN
Alfred Weber
Sales Director - Recycling & Environment
BHS-Sonthofen GmbH

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This